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Custom constructor function in Mongoose schema/models

Posted by: admin November 29, 2017 Leave a comment


Greeting all!

I defined a Mongoose schema as below and registered a model (InventoryItemModel). Is there a way to create a custom constructor function for the schema, so that when I instantiate an object from the model, the function will be called (for example, to load the object with value from database)?

var mongoose = require('mongoose')
  , Schema = mongoose.Schema

var InventoryItemSchema = new Schema({
    Sku : String
  , Quanity : Number
  , Description : String
  , Carted : []
  , CreatedDate  : {type : Date, default : Date.now}
  , ModifiedDate  : {type : Date, default : Date.now}

mongoose.model('InventoryItem', InventoryItemSchema);

var item = new InventoryItem();

Can I add some custom constructor function so that the item will be populated from database upon instantiation?


Depending on the direction you want to take, you could:

1) Use Hooks

Hooks are automatically triggered when models init, validate, save, and remove.
This is the ‘inside-out’ solution.
You can check out the docs here:

2) Write a static creation function for your schema.

Statics live on your model object and can be used to replace functionality like creating a new model. If you have extra logic for your create step, you can write it yourself in a static function. This is the ‘outside-in’ solution:


Here’s an implementation of option #2 from @hunterloftis‘s answer.

2) Write a static creation function for your schema.

someSchema.statics.addItem = function addItem(item, callback){
//Do stuff (parse item)
 (new this(parsedItem)).save(callback);

When you want to create a new model from someSchema, instead of

var item = new ItemModel(itemObj);
item.save(function (err, model) { /* etc */ });

do this

ItemModel.addItem(itemObj, function (err, model) { /* etc */ });


I ran into this problem myself and wrote a mongoose plugin that’ll help solve your problem

var mongoose = require('mongoose')
  , Schema = mongoose.Schema
  , construct = require('mongoose-construct')

var user = new Schema({})

user.pre('construct', function(next){
    console.log('Constructor called...')

var User = mongoose.model('User', user)
var myUser = new User(); // construct hook will be called

Here’s the repo (it’s also available on npm): https://github.com/IlskenLabs/mongoose-construct


You need to export. Here is an example:

import mongoose from "mongoose";

let  Schema = mongoose.Schema;

let restaurentSchema = new Schema({
  name : String


module.exports = mongoose.model("Restaurent", restaurentSchema)