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Design Android EditText to show error message as described by google

Posted by: admin March 10, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I need an EditText that looks like this onError:

enter image description here

calling onError looks like this instead :

enter image description here

Note: the app is running on SDK 19 (4.4.2)

min SDK is 1

Is there a method similar to setError that does this automatically,
or do I have to write the code for it ?

Thank you

How to&Answers:

There’s no need to use a third-party library since Google introduced the TextInputLayout as part of the design-support-library.

Following a basic example:

Layout

<android.support.design.widget.TextInputLayout
    android:id="@+id/text_input_layout"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    app:errorEnabled="true">

    <android.support.design.widget.TextInputEditText
        android:id="@+id/edit_text"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:hint="Enter your name" />

</android.support.design.widget.TextInputLayout>

Note: By setting app:errorEnabled="true" as an attribute of the TextInputLayout it won’t change it’s size once an error is displayed – so it basically blocks the space.

Code

In order to show the Error below the EditText you simply need to call #setError on the TextInputLayout (NOT on the child EditText):

TextInputLayout til = (TextInputLayout) findViewById(R.id.text_input_layout);
til.setError("You need to enter a name");

Result

picture showing the edit text with the error message

To hide the error and reset the tint simply call til.setError(null).


Note

In order to use the TextInputLayout you have to add the following to your build.gradle dependencies:

dependencies {
    compile 'com.android.support:design:25.1.0'
}

Setting a custom color

By default the line of the EditText will be red. If you need to display a different color you can use the following code as soon as you call setError.

editText.getBackground().setColorFilter(getResources().getColor(R.color.red_500_primary), PorterDuff.Mode.SRC_ATOP);

To clear it simply call the clearColorFilter function, like this:

editText.getBackground().clearColorFilter();

Answer:

Call myTextInputLayout.setError() instead of myEditText.setError().

These container and containment have double functionality on setting errors. Functionality you need is container’s one. But you could require minimal version of 23 for that.

Answer:

Your EditText should be wrapped in a TextInputLayout

<android.support.design.widget.TextInputLayout
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:id="@+id/tilEmail">

    <EditText
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:inputType="textEmailAddress"
        android:ems="10"
        android:id="@+id/etEmail"
        android:hint="Email"
        android:layout_marginTop="10dp"
        />

</android.support.design.widget.TextInputLayout>

To get an error message like you wanted, set error to TextInputLayout

TextInputLayout tilEmail = (TextInputLayout) findViewById(R.id.tilEmail);
if (error){
    tilEmail.setError("Invalid email id");    
}

You should add design support library dependency. Add this line in your gradle dependencies

compile 'com.android.support:design:22.2.0'

Answer:

reVerse’s answer is great but it didn’t point out how to remove the floating error tooltip kind of thing

You’ll need edittext.setError(null) to remove that.
Also, as someone pointed out, you don’t need TextInputLayout.setErrorEnabled(true)

Layout

<android.support.design.widget.TextInputLayout
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content">

    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/edittext"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:hint="Enter something" />
</android.support.design.widget.TextInputLayout>

Code

TextInputLayout til = (TextInputLayout) editText.getParent();
til.setError("Your input is not valid...");
editText.setError(null);

Answer:

TextInputLayout til = (TextInputLayout)editText.getParent();
til.setErrorEnabled(true);
til.setError("some error..");

Answer:

If anybody still facing the error with using google’s design library as mentioned in the answer then, please use this as commented by @h_k which is –

Instead of calling setError on TextInputLayout, You might be using setError on EditText itself.

Answer:

private EditText edt_firstName;
private String firstName;

edt_firstName = findViewById(R.id.edt_firstName);

private void validateData() {
 firstName = edt_firstName.getText().toString().trim();
 if (!firstName.isEmpty(){
//here api call for ....
}else{
if (firstName.isEmpty()) {
                edt_firstName.setError("Please Enter First Name");
                edt_firstName.requestFocus();
            } 
}
}