Home » Reactjs » Detect click outside React component

Detect click outside React component

Posted by: admin November 29, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

I’m looking for a way to detect if a click event happened outside of a component, as described in this article. jQuery closest() is used to see if the the target from a click event has the dom element as one of its parents. If there is a match the click event belongs to one of the children and is thus not considered to be outside of the component.

So in my component I want to attach a click handler to window. When the handler fires I need to compare the target with the dom children of my component.

The click event contains properties like “path” which seems to hold the dom path that the event has travelled. I’m not sure what to compare or how to best traverse it, and I’m thinking someone must have already put that in a clever utility function… No?

Answers:

The following solution uses ES6 and follows best practices for binding as well as setting the ref through a method.

/**
 * Component that alerts if you click outside of it
 */
class OutsideAlerter extends Component {
    constructor(props) {
        super(props);

        this.setWrapperRef = this.setWrapperRef.bind(this);           
        this.handleClickOutside = this.handleClickOutside.bind(this);
    }

    componentDidMount() {
        document.addEventListener('mousedown', this.handleClickOutside);
    }

    componentWillUnmount() {
        document.removeEventListener('mousedown', this.handleClickOutside);
    }

    /**
     * Set the wrapper ref
     */
    setWrapperRef(node) {
        this.wrapperRef = node;
    }

    /**
     * Alert if clicked on outside of element
     */
    handleClickOutside(event) {
        if (this.wrapperRef && !this.wrapperRef.contains(event.target)) {
            alert('You clicked outside of me!');
        }
    }

    render() {
        return (
            <div ref={this.setWrapperRef}>
                {this.props.children}
            </div>
        );
    }
}

OutsideAlerter.propTypes = {
    children: React.PropTypes.element.isRequired
}

Questions:
Answers:

Here is the solution that best worked for me without attaching events to the container:

Certain HTML elements can have what is known as “focus“, for example input elements. Those elements will also respond to the blur event, when they lose that focus.

To give any element the capacity to have focus, just make sure its tabindex attribute is set to anything other than -1. In regular HTML that would be by setting the tabindex attribute, but in React you have to use tabIndex (note the capital I).

You can also do it via JavaScript with element.setAttribute('tabindex',0)

This is what I was using it for, to make a custom DropDown menu.

var DropDownMenu = React.createClass({
    getInitialState: function(){
        return {
            expanded: false
        }
    },
    expand: function(){
        this.setState({expanded: true});
    },
    collapse: function(){
        this.setState({expanded: false});
    },
    render: function(){
        if(this.state.expanded){
            var dropdown = ...; //the dropdown content
        } else {
            var dropdown = undefined;
        }

        return (
            <div className="dropDownMenu" tabIndex="0" onBlur={ this.collapse } >
                <div className="currentValue" onClick={this.expand}>
                    {this.props.displayValue}
                </div>
                {dropdown}
            </div>
        );
    }
});

Questions:
Answers:

After trying many methods here, I decided to use github.com/Pomax/react-onclickoutside because of how complete it is.

I installed the module via npm and imported it into my component:

import onClickOutside from 'react-onclickoutside'

Then, in my component class I defined the handleClickOutside method:

handleClickOutside = () => {
  console.log('onClickOutside() method called')
}

And when exporting my component I wrapped it in onClickOutside():

export default onClickOutside(NameOfComponent)

That’s it.

Questions:
Answers:

I found a solution thanks to Ben Alpert on discuss.reactjs.org. The suggested approach attaches a handler to the document but that turned out to be problematic. Clicking on one of the components in my tree resulted in a rerender which removed the clicked element on update. Because the rerender from React happens before the document body handler is called, the element was not detected as “inside” the tree.

The solution to this was to add the handler on the application root element.

main:

window.__myapp_container = document.getElementById('app')
React.render(<App/>, window.__myapp_container)

component:

import { Component, PropTypes } from 'react';
import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';

export default class ClickListener extends Component {

  static propTypes = {
    children: PropTypes.node.isRequired,
    onClickOutside: PropTypes.func.isRequired
  }

  componentDidMount () {
    window.__myapp_container.addEventListener('click', this.handleDocumentClick)
  }

  componentWillUnmount () {
    window.__myapp_container.removeEventListener('click', this.handleDocumentClick)
  }

  /* using fat arrow to bind to instance */
  handleDocumentClick = (evt) => {
    const area = ReactDOM.findDOMNode(this.refs.area);

    if (!area.contains(evt.target)) {
      this.props.onClickOutside(evt)
    }
  }

  render () {
    return (
      <div ref='area'>
       {this.props.children}
      </div>
    )
  }
}

Questions:
Answers:

None of the other answers here worked for me. I was trying to hide a popup on blur, but since the contents were absolutely positioned, the onBlur was firing even on the click of inner contents too.

Here is an approach that did work for me:

// Inside the component:
onBlur(event) {
    // currentTarget refers to this component.
    // relatedTarget refers to the element where the user clicked (or focused) which
    // triggered this event.
    // So in effect, this condition checks if the user clicked outside the component.
    if (!event.currentTarget.contains(event.relatedTarget)) {
        // do your thing.
    }
},

Hope this helps.

Questions:
Answers:

I was stuck on the same issue. I am a bit late to the party here, but for me this is a really good solution. Hopefully it will be of help to someone else. You need to import findDOMNode from react-dom

componentDidMount() {
    document.addEventListener('click', this.handleClickOutside.bind(this), true);
}

componentWillUnmount() {
    document.removeEventListener('click', this.handleClickOutside.bind(this), true);
}

handleClickOutside(event) {
    const domNode = ReactDOM.findDOMNode(this);

    if (!domNode || !domNode.contains(event.target)) {
        this.setState({
            visible : false
        });
    }
}

Questions:
Answers:

Here is my approach (demo – https://jsfiddle.net/agymay93/4/):

I’ve created special component called WatchClickOutside and it can be used like (I assume JSX syntax):

<WatchClickOutside onClickOutside={this.handleClose}>
  <SomeDropdownEtc>
</WatchClickOutside>

Here is code of WatchClickOutside component:

import React, { Component } from 'react';

export default class WatchClickOutside extends Component {
  constructor(props) {
    super(props);
    this.handleClick = this.handleClick.bind(this);
  }

  componentWillMount() {
    document.body.addEventListener('click', this.handleClick);
  }

  componentWillUnmount() {
    // remember to remove all events to avoid memory leaks
    document.body.removeEventListener('click', this.handleClick);
  }

  handleClick(event) {
    const {container} = this.refs; // get container that we'll wait to be clicked outside
    const {onClickOutside} = this.props; // get click outside callback
    const {target} = event; // get direct click event target

    // if there is no proper callback - no point of checking
    if (typeof onClickOutside !== 'function') {
      return;
    }

    // if target is container - container was not clicked outside
    // if container contains clicked target - click was not outside of it
    if (target !== container && !container.contains(target)) {
      onClickOutside(event); // clicked outside - fire callback
    }
  }

  render() {
    return (
      <div ref="container">
        {this.props.children}
      </div>
    );
  }
}

Questions:
Answers:

My biggest concern with all of the other answers is having to filter click events from the root/parent down. I found the easiest way was to simply set a sibling element with position: fixed, a z-index 1 behind the dropdown and handle the click event on the fixed element inside the same component. Keeps everything centralized to a given component.

Example code

#HTML
<div className="parent">
  <div className={`dropdown ${this.state.open ? open : ''}`}>
    ...content
  </div>
  <div className="outer-handler" onClick={() => this.setState({open: false})}>
  </div>
</div>

#SASS
.dropdown {
  display: none;
  position: absolute;
  top: 0px;
  left: 0px;
  z-index: 100;
  &.open {
    display: block;
  }
}
.outer-handler {
    position: fixed;
    top: 0;
    left: 0;
    right: 0;
    bottom: 0;
    opacity: 0;
    z-index: 99;
    display: none;
    &.open {
      display: block;
    }
}

Questions:
Answers:

For those who need absolute positioning, a simple option I opted for is to add a wrapper component that is styled to cover the whole page with a transparent background. Then you can add an onClick on this element to close your inside component.

<div style={{
        position: 'fixed',
        top: '0', right: '0', bottom: '0', left: '0',
        zIndex: '1000',
      }} onClick={() => handleOutsideClick()} >
    <Content style={{position: 'absolute'}}/>
</div>

As it is right now if you add a click handler on content, the event will also be propagated to the upper div and therefore trigger the handlerOutsideClick. If this is not your desired behavior, simply stop the event progation on your handler.

<Content style={{position: 'absolute'}} onClick={e => {
                                          e.stopPropagation();
                                          desiredFunctionCall();
                                        }}/>

`

Questions:
Answers:

An example with Strategy

I like the provided solutions that use to do the same thing by creating a wrapper around the component.

Since this is more of a behavior I thought of Strategy and came up with the following.

I’m new with React and I need a bit of help in order to save some boilerplate in the use cases

Please review and tell me what you think.

ClickOutsideBehavior

import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';

export default class ClickOutsideBehavior {

  constructor({component, appContainer, onClickOutside}) {

    // Can I extend the passed component's lifecycle events from here?
    this.component = component;
    this.appContainer = appContainer;
    this.onClickOutside = onClickOutside;
  }

  enable() {

    this.appContainer.addEventListener('click', this.handleDocumentClick);
  }

  disable() {

    this.appContainer.removeEventListener('click', this.handleDocumentClick);
  }

  handleDocumentClick = (event) => {

    const area = ReactDOM.findDOMNode(this.component);

    if (!area.contains(event.target)) {
        this.onClickOutside(event)
    }
  }
}

Sample Usage

import React, {Component} from 'react';
import {APP_CONTAINER} from '../const';
import ClickOutsideBehavior from '../ClickOutsideBehavior';

export default class AddCardControl extends Component {

  constructor() {
    super();

    this.state = {
      toggledOn: false,
      text: ''
    };

    this.clickOutsideStrategy = new ClickOutsideBehavior({
      component: this,
      appContainer: APP_CONTAINER,
      onClickOutside: () => this.toggleState(false)
    });
  }

  componentDidMount () {

    this.setState({toggledOn: !!this.props.toggledOn});
    this.clickOutsideStrategy.enable();
  }

  componentWillUnmount () {
    this.clickOutsideStrategy.disable();
  }

  toggleState(isOn) {

    this.setState({toggledOn: isOn});
  }

  render() {...}
}

Notes

I thought of storing the passed component lifecycle hooks and override them with methods simillar to this:

const baseDidMount = component.componentDidMount;

component.componentDidMount = () => {
  this.enable();
  baseDidMount.call(component)
}

component is the component passed to the constructor of ClickOutsideBehavior.
This will remove the enable/disable boilerplate from the user of this behavior but it doesn’t look very nice though

Questions:
Answers:

You could just install a double click handler on the body and another one on this element. In the handler of this element just return false to prevent the event from propagating. So when a double click happens if it is on the element it will be caught and will not propagate to the handler on the body. Otherwise it will be caught by the handler on the body.

Update: if you really do not want to prevent event propagation, you just need to use closest to check whether the click happened on your element or one of his children:

<html>
<head>
<script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-2.1.4.min.js"></script>
<script>
$(document).on('click', function(event) {
    if (!$(event.target).closest('#div3').length) {
    alert("outside");
    }
});
</script>
</head>
<body>
    <div style="background-color:blue;width:100px;height:100px;" id="div1"></div>
    <div style="background-color:red;width:100px;height:100px;" id="div2"></div>
    <div style="background-color:green;width:100px;height:100px;" id="div3"></div>
    <div style="background-color:yellow;width:100px;height:100px;" id="div4"></div>
    <div style="background-color:grey;width:100px;height:100px;" id="div5"></div>
</body>
</html>

Update: without jQuery:

<html>
<head>
<script>
function findClosest (element, fn) {
  if (!element) return undefined;
  return fn(element) ? element : findClosest(element.parentElement, fn);
}
document.addEventListener("click", function(event) {
    var target = findClosest(event.target, function(el) {
        return el.id == 'div3'
    });
    if (!target) {
        alert("outside");
    }
}, false);
</script>
</head>
<body>
    <div style="background-color:blue;width:100px;height:100px;" id="div1"></div>
    <div style="background-color:red;width:100px;height:100px;" id="div2"></div>
    <div style="background-color:green;width:100px;height:100px;" id="div3">
        <div style="background-color:pink;width:50px;height:50px;" id="div6"></div>
    </div>
    <div style="background-color:yellow;width:100px;height:100px;" id="div4"></div>
    <div style="background-color:grey;width:100px;height:100px;" id="div5"></div>
</body>
</html>