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Difference between app:srcCompat and android:src in Android's layout XML

Posted by: admin March 11, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

Whenever I create an ImageView with icon added using Android Studio’s Vector Assets, I’m getting an error at the line app:srcCompat="@drawable/ic_play"

When I change the app:srcCompat with android:src, the error is gone but the icon looks pixelated.

What is the main difference between

app:srcCompat="@drawable/ic_play"

and

android:src="@drawable/ic_play"
How to&Answers:

app:srcCompat

is the most foolproof method of integrating vector drawables into your app.Vector drawables allow you to replace multiple png assets with a single vector graphic, defined in XML. While previously limited to Lollipop and higher devices

Note

As of Android Support Library 23.3.0, support vector drawables can only be loaded via app:srcCompat .

you need to add vectorDrawables.useSupportLibrary = true to your build.gradle file

    // Gradle Plugin 2.0+  
 android {  
   defaultConfig {  
     vectorDrawables.useSupportLibrary = true  
    }  
 }  

android:src

Sets a drawable as the content of this ImageView.It will display in
its original size. No automatic scaling .

Answer:

If you are using android:src="@drawable/some_vector" without vectorDrawables.useSupportLibrary = true in build.gradle file and your app have vector images (vector drawable), then while building the apk file Android gradle plugin generates a lot of *.png files for different screens (hdpi, xhdpi…) from each of your vector drawable (only for API =< 19). The result – bigger size of apk.

When using app:srcCompat="@drawable/some_vector" with vectorDrawables.useSupportLibrary = true android uses vector drawable files without generating *.png files.

You can check this with Android Studio apk analyzer tool. Just build apk with and without vectorDrawables.useSupportLibrary = true.

I think this is the main difference.

Answer:

Use:

app:srcCompat="@drawable/backImage"

The srcCompat attribute is actually defined within AppCompat library.
Important: you will need to add the appropriate namespace for this.

xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"

Note

What you are getting seems to be just a lint error that can be ignored. I have tried and gotten the same error, but it is working correctly.

You can use tools:ignore="MissingPrefix" to avoid seeing this error, temporarily.

I hope this helps.

Answer:

When using AppCompat with ImageView (or subclasses such as ImageButton and FloatingActionButton), you’ll be able to use the new app:srcCompat attribute to reference vector drawables on older versions of the platform (as well as any other drawable available to android:src).

android.support.v7.appcompat.R.attr.srcCompat:

srcCompat

Sets a drawable as the content of this ImageView. Allows the use of vector drawable when running on older versions of the platform.

May be a reference to another resource, in the form "@[+][package:]type/name" or a theme attribute in the form "?[package:]type/name".


Don’t forget adding xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto" when use app:srcCompat.

Answer:

Vectors and animated vectors were only supported in recent versions of the framework. srcCompat can be used with the compatibility library to make them work, but this only works with the certain views in the support library. Notice that app: is used instead of android:. This means its not part of the framework, but a parameter defined by your app.

Answer:

app:srcCompat="some_resource" 

is refer that it is AppCompatActivity src which comes in support library while

android:src="some_resource"

refers to simple activity.

Answer:

When using AppCompat with ImageView (or subclasses such as ImageButton and FloatingActionButton), you’ll be able to use the new app:srcCompat attribute to reference vector drawables (as well as any other drawable available to android:src). And if you’re changing drawables at runtime, you’ll be able to use the same setImageResource() method as before (no changes there).

Using AppCompat and app:srcCompat is the most foolproof method of integrating vector drawables into your app. You’ll find that directly referencing vector drawables outside of app:srcCompat will fail prior to Lollipop.

Answer:

Android 5.0 (API level 21) and higher provides vector drawable support so in order to support vector drawables in older versions app:srcCompat was added