Home » Php » difference between public and public static?

difference between public and public static?

Posted by: admin November 29, 2017 Leave a comment


what does static mean?

I know public means that it can be accessed from outside the class, and private only from inside the class


Static means that it can be accessed without instantiating a class. This is good for constants.

Static methods need to have no effect on the state of the object. They can have local variables in addition to the parameters.


public: Public declared items can be accessed everywhere.

protected: Protected limits access to inherited and parent
classes (and to the class that defines the item).

private: Private limits visibility only to the class that defines
the item.

static: A static variable exists only in a local function scope,
but it does not lose its value when program execution leaves this scope.

final: Final keyword prevents child classes from overriding a
method by prefixing the definition with final. If the class itself is
being defined final then it cannot be extended.

transient: A transient variable is a variable that may not
be serialized.

volatile: a variable that might be concurrently modified by multiple
threads should be declared volatile. Variables declared to be volatile
will not be optimized by the compiler because their value can change at
any time.


from http://php.net/manual/en/language.oop5.static.php

Declaring class properties or methods
as static makes them accessible
without needing an instantiation of
the class. A property declared as
static can not be accessed with an
instantiated class object (though a
static method can).


Some example …
When use static keyword then we cannot use $this..

class Foo{
    private $foo='private';
    private function priv_func(){
        echo 'priv_method';
    public static function ger(){
        echo $this->foo;
//class Zero extends Foo{}; 
$obj=new Foo;


Fatal error: Using $this when not in object context in