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Django Forms: if not valid, show form with error message

Posted by: admin November 30, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

I Django forms, it can check whether the form is valid:

if form.is_valid(): 
    return HttpResponseRedirect('/thanks/')

But I’m missing what to do if it isn’t valid? How do I return the form with the error messages? I’m not seeing the “else” in any of the examples.

Answers:

If you render the same view when the form is not valid then in template you can access the form errors using form.errors.

{% if form.errors %}
    {% for field in form %}
        {% for error in field.errors %}
            <div class="alert alert-danger">
                <strong>{{ error|escape }}</strong>
            </div>
        {% endfor %}
    {% endfor %}
    {% for error in form.non_field_errors %}
        <div class="alert alert-danger">
            <strong>{{ error|escape }}</strong>
        </div>
    {% endfor %}
{% endif %}

An example:

def myView(request):
    form = myForm(request.POST or None, request.FILES or None)
    if request.method == 'POST':
        if form.is_valid():
            return HttpResponseRedirect('/thanks/')
    return render_to_response('my_template.html', {'form': form})

Questions:
Answers:

views.py

from django.contrib import messages 

def view_name(request):
    if request.method == 'POST':
        form = form_class(request.POST)
        if form.is_valid():
            return HttpResponseRedirect('/thanks'/)
        else:
            messages.error(request, "Error")
return render(request, 'page.html', {'form':form_class()})

If you want to show the errors of the form other than that not valid just put {{form.as_p}} like what I did below

page.html

<html>
    <head>
        <script>
            {% if messages %}
                {% for message in messages %}
                    alert(message);
                {% endfor %}
            {% endif %}
        </script>
    </head>
    <body>
        {{form.as_p}}
    </body>
</html> 

Questions:
Answers:
def some_view(request):
    if request.method == 'POST':
        form = SomeForm(request.POST)
        if form.is_valid():
            return HttpResponseRedirect('/thanks'/)
    else:
        form = SomeForm()
    return render(request, 'some_form.html', {'form':form,})