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Double Underscore in PHP?

Posted by: admin April 23, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

What does the double underscores in these lines of PHP code mean?

$WPLD_Trans['Yes']=__('Yes',$WPLD_Domain);
$WPLD_Trans['No']=__('No',$WPLD_Domain);
How to&Answers:

Looks like you’re using WordPress – wp-includes/l10n.php defines __ as a function that translates a string (similar to gettext and its alias, _ but with an optional parameter for explicitly specifying a domain).

Answer:

Strictly speaking, it means nothing in PHP as it is not a pre-defined function. However, in many frameworks, like CakePHP, and other libraries the double underscore is a function used for translating strings based on the user’s language/locale preference.

Answer:

As mentioned it is generally used for translating text between languages but really it is used in the same context as any function call.

testfunction();

is no different then

__();

Answer:

WordPress documents it’s __() function, part of the localisation technology here: https://make.wordpress.org/polyglots/handbook/translating/working-with-core/#localization-technology

It is difficult to find documentation because __(), __(”) or __(“”) is not very searchable, double underscore and parentheses (round brackets) are keywords to use.

Answer:

A similar or third-party GNU gettext based implementation:

http://www.php.net/manual/en/function.gettext.php

Note: You may use the underscore character ‘_’ as an alias to this function.