Why does the following code output 128?

```
<?php
print 4 << 5;
?>
```

Because it’s a bitwise operator. I think it means 4 multiplied to 2^5 because that operator means

Shift the bits of $a $b steps to the left (each step means “multiply

by two”)

so it’s five steps. It’s 4 * 2 * 2 * 2 * 2 * 2 (But I’m guessing here; everything happens at bit level).

### Answer：

Refer to *Bitwise Operators*:

We have to find 4 << 5. It means shift the bits of `4`

5 times to the left:

```
4 is 00000000000000000000000000000100
4 << 5 after shifting is 00000000000000000000000010000000
00000000000000000000000010000000 is 2^7 = 2*2*2*2*2*2*2 = 128
```

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