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Enter triggers button click

Posted by: admin November 29, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

I have a page with two buttons. One is a <button> element and the other is a <input type="submit">. The buttons appear on the page in that order. If I’m in a text field anywhere in the form and press <Enter>, the button element’s click event is triggered. I assume that’s because the button element sits first.

I can’t find anything that looks like a reliable way of setting the default button, nor do I necessarily want to at this point. In the absence of anything better, I’ve captured a keypress anywhere on the form and, if it was the <Enter> key that was pressed, I’m just negating it:

$('form').keypress( function( e ) {
  var code = e.keyCode || e.which;

  if( code === 13 ) {
    e.preventDefault();
    return false; 
  }
})

As far as I can tell so far, it seems to be working, but it feels incredibly ham-fisted. Does anyone know of a more sophisticated technique for doing this? Similarly, are there any pitfalls to this solution that I’m just not aware of?

Thanks.

Answers:

Using

<button type="button">Whatever</button>

should do the trick.

The reason is because a button inside a form has its type implicitly set to submit. As zzzzBoz says, the Spec says that the first button or input with type="submit" is what is triggered in this situation. If you specifically set type="button", then it’s removed from consideration by the browser.

Questions:
Answers:

It is important to read the HTML specifications to truly understand what behavior is to be expected:

The HTML5 spec explicitly states what happens in implicit submissions:

A form element’s default button is the first submit button in tree order whose form owner is that form element.

If the user agent supports letting the user submit a form implicitly (for example, on some platforms hitting the “enter” key while a text field is focused implicitly submits the form), then doing so for a form whose default button has a defined activation behavior must cause the user agent to run synthetic click activation steps on that default button.

This was not made explicit in the HTML4 spec, however browsers have already been implementing what is described in the HTML5 spec (which is why it’s included explicitly).

Edit to add:

The simplest answer I can think of is to put your submit button as the first [type="submit"] item in the form, add padding to the bottom of the form with css, and absolutely position the submit button at the bottom where you’d like it.

Questions:
Answers:

I don’t think you need javascript or CSS to fix this.

According to the html 5 spec for buttons a button with no type attribute is treated the same as a button with its type set to “submit”, i.e. as a button for submitting its containing form. Setting the button’s type to “button” should prevent the behaviour you’re seeing.

I’m not sure about browser support for this, but the same behaviour was specified in the html 4.01 spec for buttons so I expect it’s pretty good.

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Answers:

By pressing ‘Enter’ on focused <input type="text"> you trigger ‘click’ event on the first positioned element: <button> or <input type="submit">. If you press ‘Enter’ in <textarea>, you just make a new text line.

See the example here.

Your code prevents to make a new text line in <textarea>, so you have to catch key press only for <input type="text">.

But why do you need to press Enter in text field? If you want to submit form by pressing ‘Enter’, but the <button> must stay the first in the layout, just play with the markup: put the <input type="submit"> code before the <button> and use CSS to save the layout you need.

Catching ‘Enter’ and saving markup:

$('input[type="text"]').keypress(function (e) {
    var code = e.keyCode || e.which;
    if (code === 13)
    e.preventDefault();
    $("form").submit(); /*add this, if you want to submit form by pressing `Enter`*/
});

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Answers:

You can use javascript to block form submission until the appropriate time. A very crude example:

<form onsubmit='return false;' id='frmNoEnterSubmit' action="index.html">

    <input type='text' name='txtTest' />

    <input type='button' value='Submit' 
        onclick='document.forms["frmNoEnterSubmit"].onsubmit=""; document.forms["frmNoEnterSubmit"].submit();' />

</form>

Pressing enter will still trigger the form to submit, but the javascript will keep it from actually submitting, until you actually press the button.

Questions:
Answers:

Pressing enter in a form’s text field will, by default, submit the form. If you don’t want it to work that way you have to capture the enter key press and consume it like you’ve done. There is no way around this. It will work this way even if there is no button present in the form.

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I would do it like the following: In the handler for the onclick event of the button (not submit) check the event object’s keycode. If it is “enter” I would return false.

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I added a button of type “submit” as first element of the form and made it invisible (width:0;height:0;padding:0;margin:0;border-style:none;font-size:0;). Works like a refresh of the site, i.e. I don’t do anything when the button is pressed except that the site is loaded again. For me works fine…