I searched for a solution to this problem on internet and checked the SO questions but no solution worked for my case.
I want to create a foreign key from table sira_no to metal_kod.
ALTER TABLE sira_no ADD CONSTRAINT METAL_KODU FOREIGN KEY(METAL_KODU) REFERENCES metal_kod(METAL_KODU) ON DELETE SET NULL ON UPDATE SET NULL ;
This script returns:
Error Code: 1005. Can't create table 'ebs.#sql-f48_1a3' (errno: 150)
I tried adding index to the referenced table:
CREATE INDEX METAL_KODU_INDEX ON metal_kod (METAL_KODU);
I checked METAL_KODU on both tables (charset and collation). But couldn’t find a solution to this problem. Does anyone have any idea? Thanks in advance.
EDIT: Here is the metal_kod table:
METAL_KODU varchar(4) NO PRI DURUM bit(1) NO METAL_ISMI varchar(30) NO AYAR_YOGUNLUK smallint(6) YES 100
Error Code: 1005 — there is a wrong primary key reference in your code
usually it’s due to a reference FK field not exist. might be you have typo mistake,or check case it should be same, or there’s a field-type mismatch. FK-linked fields must match definitions exactly.
Some Known causes may be :
- The two key fields type and/or size doesn’t match exactly. For example, if one is
INT(10)the key field needs to be
INT(10)as well and not
TINYINT. You may want to confirm the field size using
TABLEbecause Query Browser will sometimes visually show just
INT(11). You should also check that one is not
SIGNEDand the other is
UNSIGNED. They both need to be exactly the same.
- One of the key field that you are trying to reference does not have an index and/or is not a primary key. If one of the fields in the relationship is not a primary key, you must create an index for that field.
- The foreign key name is a duplicate of an already existing key. Check that the name of your foreign key is unique within your database. Just add a few random characters to the end of your key name to test for this.
- One or both of your tables is a
MyISAMtable. In order to use foreign keys, the tables must both be
InnoDB. (Actually, if both tables are
MyISAMthen you won’t get an error message – it just won’t create the key.) In Query Browser, you can specify the table type.
- You have specified a cascade
NULL, but the relevant key field is set to
NULL. You can fix this by either changing your cascade or setting the field to allow
- Make sure that the Charset and Collate options are the same both at the table level as well as individual field level for the key columns.
- You have a default value (ie default=0) on your foreign key column
- One of the fields in the relationship is part of a combination (composite) key and does not have it’s own individual index. Even though the field has an index as part of the composite key, you must create a separate index for only that key field in order to use it in a constraint.
- You have a syntax error in your
ALTERstatement or you have mistyped one of the field names in the relationship
- The name of your foreign key exceeds the max length of 64 chars.
for more details refer : MySQL Error Number 1005 Can’t create table
This could also happen when exporting your database from one server to another and the tables are listed in alphabetical order by default.
So, your first table could have a foreign key of another table that is yet to be created. In such cases, disable foreign_key_checks and create the database.
Just add the following to your script:
and it shall work.
Very often it happens, when the foreign key and the reference key don’t have same type or same length
I know this is little late answer but I thought this could be helpful to someone.
Sometimes it is due to the master table is dropped (maybe by disabling foreign_key_checks) but the foreign key CONSTRAINT still exist in other tables. In My case I had dropped the table and tried to recreate it but it was throwing the same error for me.
So try dropping all the foreign key CONSTRAINT from all the tables if there are any and then update or create the table.
Error Code: 1005
I am putting across this answer so that anybody facing similar issue like mine can benefit for this response. Trust me this can be overlooked)
(this may have been already answered and if so please excuse me)
I had similar issue, so here are few things that I did try (not in any order except for the solution 🙂 )
- Changed the foreign key names(didn’t work)
- Reduced the foreign key length
- Verified the datatypes (darn nothing wrong)
- Check indexes
- Check the collations (everything fine, darn again)
- Truncated the table, of no good use
- Dropped the table and re-created
- Tried to see if any circular reference is being created — all fine
9. Finally, I saw that i had two editors open. One that in PHPStorm (jetbrains) and the other MySQL workbench. It seems that the PHPStorm / SQL workbench creates some kind of edit lock.
I closed PHPStorm just to check if locking was the case (it could have been the other way around). This solved my problem.
Hope this helps someone having similar issue.
I had a similar error. The problem had to do with the child and parent table not having the same charset and collation. This can be fixed by appending ENGINE = InnoDB DEFAULT CHARACTER SET = utf8;
CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `country` (`id` INT(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,...) ENGINE = InnoDB DEFAULT CHARACTER SET = utf8;
… on the SQL statement means that there is some missing code.
It happened in my case because the name of the table being referenced in the constraint declaration isn’t correct (i forgot the upper case in the table name)
ALTER TABLE `Window` ADD CONSTRAINT `Windows_ibfk_1` FOREIGN KEY (`WallId`) REFERENCES `Wall` (`id`) ON DELETE CASCADE ON UPDATE CASCADE;
I hope that helps.
MyISAM has been just mentioned. Simply try adding ENGINE=MyISAM DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1 AUTO_INCREMENT=2 ; at the end of a statement, assuming that your other tables were created with MyISAM.
CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `tablename` ( `key` bigint(20) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT, FOREIGN KEY `key` (`key`) REFERENCES `othertable`(`id`) ) ENGINE=MyISAM DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1 AUTO_INCREMENT=2 ;
In my case, it happened when one table is InnoB and other is MyISAM. Changing engine of one table, through MySQL Workbench, solves for me.
I had the very same error message. Finally I figured out I misspelled the name of the table in the command:
ALTER TABLE `users` ADD FOREIGN KEY (country_id) REFERENCES country (id);
ALTER TABLE `users` ADD FOREIGN KEY (country_id) REFERENCES countries (id);
I wonder why on earth mysql cannot tell such a table does not exist…
The foreign key has to have the exact same type as the primary key that it references. For the example has the type “INT UNSIGNED NOT NULL” the foreing key also have to “INT UNSIGNED NOT NULL”
CREATE TABLE employees( id_empl INT UNSIGNED NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT, PRIMARY KEY(id) ); CREATE TABLE offices( id_office INT UNSIGNED NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT, id_empl INT UNSIGNED NOT NULL, PRIMARY KEY(id), CONSTRAINT `constraint1` FOREIGN KEY (`id_empl`) REFERENCES `employees` (`id_empl`) ON DELETE CASCADE ON UPDATE CASCADE ) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8 COMMENT='my offices';