```
B C D H I
Age Years Salary Years Bonus %
50 12 $120,000.00 <5 years 0.00%
42 20 $40,000.00 5 to 10 years 20.00%
51 3 $97,000.00 11 to 15 years 30.00%
58 28 $105,000.00 16 to 20 years 40.00%
67 6 $78,000.00 20 to 25 years 50.00%
26 or more years 100.00%
```

I am trying to write an if statement the calculates a bonus based on the following:

The employee must be at least 50 years of age

The employee must have at least 5 years of service.

However my statement keeps returning a VALUE

This is what I have

```
$K$1 = 50
=IF(B2<$K$1,0),IF(C2<5,0),IF(AND(C2>5,C2<10),D2*I3),IF(AND(C2>10,C2<15),D2*I4),IF(AND(C2>15,C2<20),D2*I5),IF(AND(C2>20,C2<25),D2*I6),IF(C2>25,D2*I7)
```

Please help.

You have to nest your IF statements instead of separating them by commas. Your formula should be:

```
=IF(B2<$K$1,0, IF(C2<5,0, IF(AND(C2>5,C2<10),D2*I3, IF(AND(C2>10,C2<15),D2*I4, IF(AND(C2>15,C2<20),D2*I5, IF(AND(C2>20,C2<25),D2*I6, IF(C2>25,D2*I7)))))))
```

The parameters for the IF function are `logical_test`

, `value_if_true`

, `value_if_false`

, so the result of the second IF statement becomes the `value_if_false`

for the first one.

### Answer：

I prefer a LOOKUP approach – try this

`=IF(B2<K$1,0,LOOKUP(C2,{0,5,10,15,20,25},I$2:I$7)*D2)`

### Answer：

When you receive an error in Excel, a exclamation image pops up when you select the cell with the error. When you bring up the menu by clicking that image, you can select the option to show the calculation steps.

By doing so, you can easily see where it goes wrong: None of your IF statements have a value_if_false defined, resulting in excel to calculate “FALSE, FALSE” after evaluating the first 2 IF statements. Relocate your closing brackets to solve this issue.

`=IF(B2<$K$1,0,IF(C2<5,0,IF(AND(C2>5,C2<10),D2*$I$3,IF(AND(C2>10,C2<15),D2*$I$4,IF(AND(C2>15,C2<20),D2*$I$5,IF(AND(C2>20,C2<25),D2*$I$6,IF(C2>25,D2*$I$7)))))))`

Tags: excelexcel