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excel – Remove blank entries from an array loaded by a range

Posted by: admin May 14, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I am trying to delete blank entries from an array that was loaded from a field called TY[L3 Name] (1 column, X rows long) from a data table in excel. The below code is intended to remove all blank values from the array (once it has been loaded with the range), and return a new array with rows that only have data in them. I will want to pass this array onto a collection later to remove duplicates, but I am trying to figure out why I can’t get ride of the blanks first (now I am at a point where I just want to understand how to do this regardless if i pass this onto something else or not).

The code errors out at the ReDim Preserve line. I first sized the NewArr to the MyArr table, but had blank rows returned at the end. I then tried to resize it so I only had rows with data in them, but I cannot seem to get the NewArr() array to do this without an error.

I am using the immediate window to verify that there are no blank entries (currently 8 rows at the end of the TY[L3 Name] range).

Sub BuildArray()

'   Load array
Dim MyArr()
Dim j As Long

'   Size array
MyArr() = Range("TY[L3 Number]")
ReDim NewArr(LBound(MyArr) To UBound(MyArr), 1)

'   For Loop to search for Blanks and remove from Array
'   The Lbound and UBound parameters will be defined by the size of the TY[L3 Number] field in the TY Table
For i = LBound(MyArr) To UBound(MyArr)
   If MyArr(i, 1) <> "" Then
        j = j + 1
        NewArr(j, 1) = MyArr(i, 1)
   End If
   Next i
ReDim Preserve NewArr(1 To j, 1) 'Error out here; "Subscript out of range." Can't seem to get this Array to new size without blank entries.

'   Debug Window to show results of revised array.
Dim c As Long
For c = LBound(NewArr) To UBound(NewArr)
   Debug.Print NewArr(c, 1)
Next
   Debug.Print "End of List"

End Sub
How to&Answers:

Working through arrays can be tricky in VBA, but I think the example below will show you how a different strategy for populating the “No Blanks” Array might be work:

Suppose we start off with a single Worksheet, with the CoolRange named as shown:

start

Generating an array without blanks could be done like this:

Option Explicit
Sub BuildArrayWithoutBlanks()

Dim AryFromRange() As Variant, AryNoBlanks() As Variant
Dim Counter As Long, NoBlankSize As Long

'set references and initialize up-front
ReDim AryNoBlanks(0 To 0)
NoBlankSize = 0

'load the range into array
AryFromRange = ThisWorkbook.Names("CoolRange").RefersToRange

'loop through the array from the range, adding
'to the no-blank array as we go
For Counter = LBound(AryFromRange) To UBound(AryFromRange)
    If AryFromRange(Counter, 1) <> "" Then
        NoBlankSize = NoBlankSize + 1
        AryNoBlanks(UBound(AryNoBlanks)) = AryFromRange(Counter, 1)
        ReDim Preserve AryNoBlanks(0 To UBound(AryNoBlanks) + 1)
    End If
Next Counter

'remove that pesky empty array field at the end
If UBound(AryNoBlanks) > 0 Then
    ReDim Preserve AryNoBlanks(0 To UBound(AryNoBlanks) - 1)
End If

'debug for reference
For Counter = LBound(AryNoBlanks) To UBound(AryNoBlanks)
    Debug.Print (AryNoBlanks(Counter))
Next Counter
Debug.Print "End of List"

End Sub

So, to summarize, we:

  1. Create a 1-D array for our eventual array with blanks removed
  2. Iterate through our original array (with blanks)
  3. Unless the array field is blank, we increase our non-blank counter, then add the value to the non-blank array, then expand the non-blank array
  4. Blow away the last pesky empty field in our non-blank array

From your problem description, it sounds like you’ll eventually be stripping away duplicates with a Collection — love it. Out of curiosity, what will you use the non-blank-but-with-duplicates array for?