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Failed to install android-sdk: "java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: javax/xml/bind/annotation/XmlSchema"

Posted by: admin March 10, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

When installing the android sdk tools the following error is emitted:

java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: javax/xml/bind/annotation/XmlSchema

Why is this happening and how can it be fixed?

Debug output:

$ java --version
java 9
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 9+181)
Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 9+181, mixed mode)
$ brew cask install android-sdk
==> Caveats
We will install android-sdk-tools, platform-tools, and build-tools for you.
You can control android sdk packages via the sdkmanager command.
You may want to add to your profile:
  'export ANDROID_SDK_ROOT=/usr/local/share/android-sdk'

This operation may take up to 10 minutes depending on your internet connection.
Please, be patient.

==> Satisfying dependencies
==> Downloading https://dl.google.com/android/repository/sdk-tools-darwin-3859397.zip
Already downloaded: /Users/tomasnovella/Library/Caches/Homebrew/Cask/android-sdk--3859397,26.0.1.zip
==> Verifying checksum for Cask android-sdk
==> Installing Cask android-sdk
==> Exception in thread "main"
==> java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: javax/xml/bind/annotation/XmlSchema
==>     at com.android.repository.api.SchemaModule$SchemaModuleVersion.<init>(SchemaModule.java:156)
==>     at com.android.repository.api.SchemaModule.<init>(SchemaModule.java:75)
==>     at com.android.sdklib.repository.AndroidSdkHandler.<clinit>(AndroidSdkHandler.java:81)
==>     at com.android.sdklib.tool.SdkManagerCli.main(SdkManagerCli.java:117)
==>     at com.android.sdklib.tool.SdkManagerCli.main(SdkManagerCli.java:93)
==> Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: javax.xml.bind.annotation.XmlSchema
==>     at java.base/jdk.internal.loader.BuiltinClassLoader.loadClass(BuiltinClassLoader.java:582)
==>     at java.base/jdk.internal.loader.ClassLoaders$AppClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoaders.java:185)
==>     at java.base/java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:496)
==>     ... 5 more
Error: Command failed to execute!

==> Failed command:
/usr/local/Caskroom/android-sdk/3859397,26.0.1/tools/bin/sdkmanager tools platform-tools build-tools;26.0.1

==> Standard Output of failed command:


==> Standard Error of failed command:
Exception in thread "main" java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: javax/xml/bind/annotation/XmlSchema
    at com.android.repository.api.SchemaModule$SchemaModuleVersion.<init>(SchemaModule.java:156)
    at com.android.repository.api.SchemaModule.<init>(SchemaModule.java:75)
    at com.android.sdklib.repository.AndroidSdkHandler.<clinit>(AndroidSdkHandler.java:81)
    at com.android.sdklib.tool.SdkManagerCli.main(SdkManagerCli.java:117)
How to&Answers:

I had a similar problem this morning (trying to build for Android using Unity3D). I ended up uninstalling JDK9 and installing Java SE Development Kit 8u144. Hope this helps.

  1. brew cask uninstall java # uninstall java9
  2. brew tap caskroom/versions
  3. brew cask install java8 # install java8
  4. touch ~/.android/repositories.cfg # without this file, error will occur on next step
  5. brew cask install android-sdk

Answer:

To solve this error, you can downgrade your Java version.

Or exports the following option on your terminal:

Linux/MAC:

export JAVA_OPTS='-XX:+IgnoreUnrecognizedVMOptions --add-modules java.se.ee'

Windows:

set JAVA_OPTS='-XX:+IgnoreUnrecognizedVMOptions --add-modules java.se.ee'

And to save it permanently you can exports the JAVA_OPTS in your profile file on linux (.zshrc, .bashrc and etc.) or add as environment variable permanently on Windows.


ps. This doesn’t work for the Java 11+, which doesn’t have Java EE modules. For this option is a good idea, downgrade your Java version or wait for a Flutter update.

Ref: JDK 11: End of the road for Java EE modules

Answer:

set JAVA_OPTS=-XX:+IgnoreUnrecognizedVMOptions --add-modules java.se.ee

This fixed the problem on Windows for me.

Source 1, source 2

Answer:

On Mac/Linux use the following command:

export JAVA_OPTS='-XX:+IgnoreUnrecognizedVMOptions --add-modules java.se.ee'

Works for both JDK 9 and 10, without patching any script (sdkmanager, avdmanager).

For Java 11 see: https://stackoverflow.com/a/51644855/798165

Answer:

If you don’t want to change your Java version (I don’t), you can temporarily change the version in your shell:

First run

/usr/libexec/java_home -V

Then pick a major version if you have it installed, otherwise install it first:

export JAVA_HOME=`/usr/libexec/java_home -v 1.8`

Now you can run sdkmanager.

Answer:

You need to add the following to your Profile (Works on MacOS):

export JAVA_HOME=`/usr/libexec/java_home -v 1.8`

No need to patch anything.

Answer:

I found two answers that worked for me, without having to uninstall JDK 10 (or 9), which I need for create-react-app. Both JDK 9 and 10 are incompatible with android-sdk !


Siu Ching Pong -Asuka Kenji- suggests modifying the sdkmanager script, replacing this line:

DEFAULT_JVM_OPTS='"-Dcom.android.sdklib.toolsdir=$APP_HOME"'  

with:

DEFAULT_JVM_OPTS='"-Dcom.android.sdklib.toolsdir=$APP_HOME" -XX:+IgnoreUnrecognizedVMOptions --add-modules java.se.ee'

Note that this mod will be overwritten when updating sdkmanager.
Check out his post, and the one he links to, for more details.
This solution was also one of the solutions mentioned in this github issues thread.


German’s post indicates the source of the conflict, and presents fix that will not not be overwritten by updates.
He suggests renaming /Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/Info.plist as a means of obscuring it from the script that looks for the highest version of Java that resides on your system. In this way, JDK 8 is returned as the default.
Referring to JDK 10 explicitly, or by setting it to $JAVA_HOME, you can use JDK 10 , instead of the default, whenever needed.
Details are in his post.

Answer:

Simply install JDK version 8 and select it as the default using:

sudo update-alternatives --config java

Answer:

Strangely Java9 is not compatible with android-sdk

$ avdmanager
Exception in thread "main" java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: javax/xml/bind/annotation/XmlSchema
    at com.android.repository.api.SchemaModule$SchemaModuleVersion.<init>(SchemaModule.java:156)
    at com.android.repository.api.SchemaModule.<init>(SchemaModule.java:75)
    at com.android.sdklib.repository.AndroidSdkHandler.<clinit>(AndroidSdkHandler.java:81)
    at com.android.sdklib.tool.AvdManagerCli.run(AvdManagerCli.java:213)
    at com.android.sdklib.tool.AvdManagerCli.main(AvdManagerCli.java:200)
Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: javax.xml.bind.annotation.XmlSchema
    at java.base/jdk.internal.loader.BuiltinClassLoader.loadClass(BuiltinClassLoader.java:582)
    at java.base/jdk.internal.loader.ClassLoaders$AppClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoaders.java:185)
    at java.base/java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:496)
    ... 5 more

Combined all commands into one for easy reference:

$ sudo rm -fr /Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk-9*.jdk/
$ sudo rm -fr /Library/Internet\ Plug-Ins/JavaAppletPlugin.plugin
$ sudo rm -fr /Library/PreferencePanes/JavaControlPanel.prefPane

$ /usr/libexec/java_home -V
Unable to find any JVMs matching version "(null)".
Matching Java Virtual Machines (0):
Default Java Virtual Machines (0):
No Java runtime present, try --request to install

$ brew tap caskroom/versions
$ brew cask install java8
$ touch ~/.android/repositories.cfg
$ brew cask install android-sdk
$ echo 'export ANDROID_SDK_ROOT="/usr/local/share/android-sdk"' >> ~/.bash_profile
$ java -version
java version "1.8.0_162"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_162-b12)
Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.162-b12, mixed mode)
$ avdmanager

Usage:
      avdmanager [global options] [action] [action options]
      Global options:
  -s --silent     : Silent mode, shows errors only.
  -v --verbose    : Verbose mode, shows errors, warnings and all messages.
     --clear-cache: Clear the SDK Manager repository manifest cache.
  -h --help       : Help on a specific command.

Valid actions are composed of a verb and an optional direct object:
-   list              : Lists existing targets or virtual devices.
-   list avd          : Lists existing Android Virtual Devices.
-   list target       : Lists existing targets.
-   list device       : Lists existing devices.
- create avd          : Creates a new Android Virtual Device.
-   move avd          : Moves or renames an Android Virtual Device.
- delete avd          : Deletes an Android Virtual Device.

Answer:

Since Java 11 has removed JavaEE you’ll need to download some jars and add to the classpath:

JAXB:
https://javaee.github.io/jaxb-v2/

JAF:
https://www.oracle.com/technetwork/articles/java/index-135046.html

Then edit sdkmanager.bat so that set CLASSPATH=… ends with ;%CLASSPATH%

Set CLASSPATH to include JAXB and JAF:

set CLASSPATH=jaxb-core.jar;jaxb-impl.jar;jaxb-api.jar;activation.jar

Then sdkmanager.bat will work.

Answer:

Update 2019-10:

As stated in the issue tracker, Google is working on a new Android SDK Command-line Tools release that runs on current JVMs (9, 10, 11+) and does not depend on deprecated JAXB EE modules!

You can download and use the new Android SDK Command-line Tools inside Android Studio or by manually downloading them from the Google servers:

For the latest versions check the URLs inside the repository.xml.

If you manually unpack the command line tools, take care of placing them in a subfolder inside your $ANDROID_HOME (e.g. $ANDROID_HOME/cmdline-tools/...).

Answer:

I ran into same issue when running:

$ /Users/<username>/Library/Android/sdk/tools/bin/sdkmanager "platforms;android-28" "build-tools;28.0.3"_

I solved it as

$ echo $JAVA_HOME
/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk-11.0.1.jdk/Contents/Home    

$ ls /Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/

jdk-11.0.1.jdk      
jdk1.8.0_202.jdk

Change Java to use 1.8

$ export JAVA_HOME='/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_202.jdk/Contents/Home'

Then the same command runs fine

$ /Users/<username>/Library/Android/sdk/tools/bin/sdkmanager "platforms;android-28" "build-tools;28.0.3"

Answer:

For windows machine uninstall the JDK if its more than 1.8.172.
Install JDK 1.8.172

I was facing the same issue in windows 10 with java 10. I uninstalled the java 10 and installed java8 its working fine for me now 🙂

Answer:

For Linux users (I’m using a Debian Distro, Kali)
Here’s how I resolved mine.

If you don’t already have jdk-8, you want to get it at oracle’s site

https://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/jdk8-downloads-2133151.html

I got the jdk-8u191-linux-x64.tar.gz

Step 1 – Installing Java
Move and unpack it at a suitable location like so

$ mv jdk-8u191-linux-x64.tar.gz /suitablelocation/
$ tar -xzvf /suitablelocation/jdk-8u191-linux-x64.tar.gz

You should get an unzipped folder like jdk1.8.0_191
You can delete the tarball afterwards to conserve space

Step 2 – Setting up alternatives to the default java location

$ update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/java java /suitablelocation/jdk1.8.0_191/bin/java 1
$ update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/javac javac /suitablelocation/jdk1.8.0_191/bin/javac 1

Step 3 – Selecting your alternatives as default

$ update-alternatives --set java /suitablelocation/jdk1.8.0_191/bin/java
$ update-alternatives --set javac /suitablelocation/jdk1.8.0_191/bin/javac

Step 4 – Confirming default java version

$ java -version

Notes

  1. In the original article here: https://forums.kali.org/showthread.php?41-Installing-Java-on-Kali-Linux,
    the default plugin for mozilla was also set. I assume we don’t really need the plugins as we’re
    simply trying to develop for android.
  2. As in @spassvogel’s answer, you should also place a @repositories.cfg file in your ~/.android directory
    as this is needed to update the tools repo lists
  3. Moving some things around may require root authority. Use sudo wisely.
  4. For sdkmanager usage, see official guide: https://developer.android.com/studio/command-line/sdkmanager

Answer:

Run java -version and javac -version commands in a command line to make sure that they come from the same JDK (eg: version 1.8.0_181)

If not, you have to modify PATH variable so that it only points to a single JDK. If you are not sure how to, just uninstall all other Java instances except for Java 8 (Add/Remove Programs in Windows). As for today, both Unity and Android recommends that you use JDK 8.

With Java 8, it is not necessary to export java.se.ee module as shown in some of the other answers. You may also remove any JAVA_OPTS or other environment variables that you have set.

Answer:

Downgrade your java version.Whatever system or ide.

Make sure java version is not higher than 8

In my case.I change the ide java verion.This solves my issue.
enter image description here

Answer:

When your Android stuio/jre uses a differ version of java, you will receive this error. to solve it, just set Android studio/jre to your JAVA_HOME. and uninstall your own java.

Answer:

I faced the same problem. Though I am a little bit backdated developer (Still using windows to develop :P)

To solve this issue on windows :

Install jdk 8 if it wasn’t installed (jdk 9 or 11 doesn’t work but you may have them installed for using in other dev uses).

STEP 1: Go to the Environment variables settings and set JAVA_HOME TO jdk 8’s installation directory.

JAVA_HOME

STEP 2: Go to path variable and add bin directory of jdk 8 and move it to top.

Path_varriable

STEP 3: Restart your pc.

STEP 4: Open powershell and write (your path to app data) …\AppData\Local\Android\sdk\tools\bin\sdkmanager –update

That’s all :O . Enjoy fluttering 😀 .

Answer:

For me i install java version 8 and just select the java version in “JDK location”:
enter image description here

Answer:

For my circumstance, I’m using sdkman to manage multiple java versions. I set default java version to 13. Install version 8 and now it’s working fine.