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filesystems – How to determine MIME type of file in android?

Posted by: admin March 10, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

Suppose I have a full path of file like:(/sdcard/tlogo.png). I want to know its mime type.

I created a function for it

public static String getMimeType(File file, Context context)    
{
    Uri uri = Uri.fromFile(file);
    ContentResolver cR = context.getContentResolver();
    MimeTypeMap mime = MimeTypeMap.getSingleton();
    String type = mime.getExtensionFromMimeType(cR.getType(uri));
    return type;
}

but when i call it, it returns null.

File file = new File(filePath);
String fileType=CommonFunctions.getMimeType(file, context);
How to&Answers:

First and foremost, you should consider calling MimeTypeMap#getMimeTypeFromExtension(), like this:

// url = file path or whatever suitable URL you want.
public static String getMimeType(String url) {
    String type = null;
    String extension = MimeTypeMap.getFileExtensionFromUrl(url);
    if (extension != null) {
        type = MimeTypeMap.getSingleton().getMimeTypeFromExtension(extension);
    }
    return type;
}

Answer:

Detect mime type of any file

public String getMimeType(Uri uri) {           
    String mimeType = null;
    if (uri.getScheme().equals(ContentResolver.SCHEME_CONTENT)) {
        ContentResolver cr = getAppContext().getContentResolver();
        mimeType = cr.getType(uri);
    } else {
        String fileExtension = MimeTypeMap.getFileExtensionFromUrl(uri
                .toString());
        mimeType = MimeTypeMap.getSingleton().getMimeTypeFromExtension(
                fileExtension.toLowerCase());
    }
    return mimeType;
}

Answer:

The MimeTypeMap solution above returned null in my usage. This works, and is easier:

Uri uri = Uri.fromFile(file);
ContentResolver cR = context.getContentResolver();
String mime = cR.getType(uri);

Answer:

Optimized version of Jens’ answere with null-safety and fallback-type.

@NonNull
static String getMimeType(@NonNull File file) {
    String type = null;
    final String url = file.toString();
    final String extension = MimeTypeMap.getFileExtensionFromUrl(url);
    if (extension != null) {
        type = MimeTypeMap.getSingleton().getMimeTypeFromExtension(extension.toLowerCase());
    }
    if (type == null) {
        type = "image/*"; // fallback type. You might set it to */*
    }
    return type;
}

Important: getFileExtensionFromUrl() only works with lowercase!


Update (19.03.2018)

Bonus: Above methods as a less verbose Kotlin extension function:

fun File.getMimeType(fallback: String = "image/*"): String {
    return MimeTypeMap.getFileExtensionFromUrl(toString())
            ?.run { MimeTypeMap.getSingleton().getMimeTypeFromExtension(toLowerCase()) }
            ?: fallback // You might set it to */*
}

Answer:

File file = new File(path, name);

    MimeTypeMap mime = MimeTypeMap.getSingleton();
    int index = file.getName().lastIndexOf('.')+1;
    String ext = file.getName().substring(index).toLowerCase();
    String type = mime.getMimeTypeFromExtension(ext);

    intent.setDataAndType(Uri.fromFile(file), type);
    try
    {
      context.startActivity(intent);
    }
    catch(ActivityNotFoundException ex)
    {
        ex.printStackTrace();

    }

Answer:

Pay super close attention to umerk44‘s solution above. getMimeTypeFromExtension invokes guessMimeTypeTypeFromExtension and is CASE SENSITIVE. I spent an afternoon on this then took a closer look – getMimeTypeFromExtension will return NULL if you pass it “JPG” whereas it will return “image/jpeg” if you pass it “jpg”.

Answer:

Here is the solution which I used in my Android app:

public static String getMimeType(String url)
    {
        String extension = url.substring(url.lastIndexOf("."));
        String mimeTypeMap = MimeTypeMap.getFileExtensionFromUrl(extension);
        String mimeType = MimeTypeMap.getSingleton().getMimeTypeFromExtension(mimeTypeMap);
        return mimeType;
    }

Answer:

Sometimes Jeb’s and Jens’s answers don’t work and return null. In this case I use follow solution. Head of file usually contains type signature. I read it and compare with known in list of signatures.

/**
 *
 * @param is InputStream on start of file. Otherwise signature can not be defined.
 * @return int id of signature or -1, if unknown signature was found. See SIGNATURE_ID_(type) constants to
 *      identify signature by its id.
 * @throws IOException in cases of read errors.
 */
public static int getSignatureIdFromHeader(InputStream is) throws IOException {
    // read signature from head of source and compare with known signatures
    int signatureId = -1;
    int sigCount = SIGNATURES.length;
    int[] byteArray = new int[MAX_SIGNATURE_LENGTH];
    StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder();
    for (int i = 0; i < MAX_SIGNATURE_LENGTH; i++) {
        byteArray[i] = is.read();
        builder.append(Integer.toHexString(byteArray[i]));
    }
    if (DEBUG) {
        Log.d(TAG, "head bytes=" + builder.toString());
    }
    for (int i = 0; i < MAX_SIGNATURE_LENGTH; i++) {

        // check each bytes with known signatures
        int bytes = byteArray[i];
        int lastSigId = -1;
        int coincidences = 0;

        for (int j = 0; j < sigCount; j++) {
            int[] sig = SIGNATURES[j];

            if (DEBUG) {
                Log.d(TAG, "compare" + i + ": " + Integer.toHexString(bytes) + " with " + sig[i]);
            }
            if (bytes == sig[i]) {
                lastSigId = j;
                coincidences++;
            }
        }

        // signature is unknown
        if (coincidences == 0) {
            break;
        }
        // if first bytes of signature is known we check signature for full coincidence
        if (coincidences == 1) {
            int[] sig = SIGNATURES[lastSigId];
            int sigLength = sig.length;
            boolean isSigKnown = true;
            for (; i < MAX_SIGNATURE_LENGTH && i < sigLength; i++) {
                bytes = byteArray[i];
                if (bytes != sig[i]) {
                    isSigKnown = false;
                    break;
                }
            }
            if (isSigKnown) {
                signatureId = lastSigId;
            }
            break;
        }
    }
    return signatureId;
}

signatureId is an index of signature in array of signatures. For example,

private static final int[] SIGNATURE_PNG = hexStringToIntArray("89504E470D0A1A0A");
private static final int[] SIGNATURE_JPEG = hexStringToIntArray("FFD8FF");
private static final int[] SIGNATURE_GIF = hexStringToIntArray("474946");

public static final int SIGNATURE_ID_JPEG = 0;
public static final int SIGNATURE_ID_PNG = 1;
public static final int SIGNATURE_ID_GIF = 2;
private static final int[][] SIGNATURES = new int[3][];

static {
    SIGNATURES[SIGNATURE_ID_JPEG] = SIGNATURE_JPEG;
    SIGNATURES[SIGNATURE_ID_PNG] = SIGNATURE_PNG;
    SIGNATURES[SIGNATURE_ID_GIF] = SIGNATURE_GIF;
}

Now I have file type even if URI of file haven’t. Next I get mime type by file type. If you don’t know which mime type to get, you can find proper in this table.

It works for a lot of file types. But for video it doesn’t work, because you need to known video codec to get a mime type. To get video’s mime type I use MediaMetadataRetriever.

Answer:

I tryed to use standart methods to determine mime type, but I cannot retain file extension using MimeTypeMap.getFileExtensionFromUrl(uri.getPath()). This method returned me an empty String. So I made non-trivial solution to retain file extention.

Here is method returning file extention

private String getExtention(String fileName){
    char[] arrayOfFilename = fileName.toCharArray();
    for(int i = arrayOfFilename.length-1; i > 0; i--){
        if(arrayOfFilename[i] == '.'){
            return fileName.substring(i+1, fileName.length());
        }
    }
    return "";
}

And having retained file extention it is possible to get mime type like below

public String getMimeType(File file) {
    String mimeType = "";
    String extension = getExtention(file.getName());
    if (MimeTypeMap.getSingleton().hasExtension(extension)) {
        mimeType = MimeTypeMap.getSingleton().getMimeTypeFromExtension(extension);
    }
    return mimeType;
}

Answer:

MimeTypeMap may not recognize some file extensions like flv,mpeg,3gpp,cpp. So you need to think how to expand the MimeTypeMap for maintaining your code. Here is such an example.

http://grepcode.com/file/repo1.maven.org/maven2/com.google.okhttp/okhttp/20120626/libcore/net/MimeUtils.java#MimeUtils

Plus, here is a complete list of mime types

http: //www.sitepoint.com/web-foundations/mime-types-complete-list/

Answer:

For Xamarin Android (From @HoaLe’s answer above)

public String getMimeType(Uri uri) {
    String mimeType = null;
    if (uri.Scheme.Equals(ContentResolver.SchemeContent))
    {
        ContentResolver cr = Application.Context.ContentResolver;
        mimeType = cr.GetType(uri);
    }
    else
    {
        String fileExtension = MimeTypeMap.GetFileExtensionFromUrl(uri.ToString());
        mimeType = MimeTypeMap.Singleton.GetMimeTypeFromExtension(
        fileExtension.ToLower());
    }
    return mimeType;
}

Answer:

get file object....
File file = new File(filePath);

then....pass as a parameter to...

getMimeType(file);

...here is 


public String getMimeType(File file) {
        String mimetype = MimeTypeMap.getSingleton().getMimeTypeFromExtension(MimeTypeMap.getFileExtensionFromUrl(Uri.fromFile(file).toString()).toLowerCase());
        if (mimetype == null) {
            return "*/*";
        }
        return mimetype;///return the mimeType
    }

Answer:

While from asset/file(Note that few cases missing from the MimeTypeMap).

private String getMimeType(String path) {
    if (null == path) return "*/*";

    String extension = path;
    int lastDot = extension.lastIndexOf('.');
    if (lastDot != -1) {
        extension = extension.substring(lastDot + 1);
    }

    // Convert the URI string to lower case to ensure compatibility with MimeTypeMap (see CB-2185).
    extension = extension.toLowerCase(Locale.getDefault());
    if (extension.equals("3ga")) {
        return "audio/3gpp";
    } else if (extension.equals("js")) {
        return "text/javascript";
    } else if (extension.equals("woff")) {
        return "application/x-font-woff";
    } else {
        // TODO
        // anyting missing from the map (http://www.sitepoint.com/web-foundations/mime-types-complete-list/)
        // reference: http://grepcode.com/file/repo1.maven.org/maven2/com.google.okhttp/okhttp/20120626/libcore/net/MimeUtils.java#MimeUtils
    }

    return MimeTypeMap.getSingleton().getMimeTypeFromExtension(extension);
}

While use ContentResolver

contentResolver.getType(uri)

While http/https request

    try {
        HttpURLConnection conn = httpClient.open(new URL(uri.toString()));
        conn.setDoInput(false);
        conn.setRequestMethod("HEAD");
        return conn.getHeaderField("Content-Type");
    } catch (IOException e) {
    }

Answer:

// This will return the mimeType. 
// for eg. xyz.png it will return image/png. 
// here uri is the file that we were picked using intent from ext/internal storage.
private String getMimeType(Uri uri) {
   // This class provides applications access to the content model.  
   ContentResolver contentResolver = getContentResolver();

   // getType(Uri url)-Return the MIME type of the given content URL. 
   return contentResolver.getType(uri);
}

Answer:

I faced similar problem. So far I know result may different for different names, so finally came to this solution.

public String getMimeType(String filePath) {
    String type = null;
    String extension = null;
    int i = filePath.lastIndexOf('.');
    if (i > 0)
        extension = filePath.substring(i+1);
    if (extension != null)
        type = MimeTypeMap.getSingleton().getMimeTypeFromExtension(extension);
    return type;
}  

Answer:

The above solution returned null in case of .rar file, using URLConnection.guessContentTypeFromName(url) worked in this case.

Answer:

mime from local file:

String url = file.getAbsolutePath();
FileNameMap fileNameMap = URLConnection.getFileNameMap();
String mime = fileNameMap.getContentTypeFor("file://"+url);

Answer:

you have multiple choice to get extension of file:like:
1-String filename = uri.getLastPathSegment(); see this link

2-you can use this code also

 filePath .substring(filePath.lastIndexOf(".")+1);

but this not good aproch.
3-if you have URI of file then use this Code

String[] projection = { MediaStore.MediaColumns.DATA,
MediaStore.MediaColumns.MIME_TYPE };

4-if you have URL then use this code:

 public static String getMimeType(String url) {
String type = null;
String extension = MimeTypeMap.getFileExtensionFromUrl(url);
if (extension != null) { 


  type = MimeTypeMap.getSingleton().getMimeTypeFromExtension(extension);
    }

return type;
}

enjoy your code:)

Answer:

// new processing the mime type out of Uri which may return null in some cases
String mimeType = getContentResolver().getType(uri);
// old processing the mime type out of path using the extension part if new way returned null
if (mimeType == null){mimeType URLConnection.guessContentTypeFromName(path);}

Answer:

public static String getFileType(Uri file)
{
    try
    {
        if (file.getScheme().equals(ContentResolver.SCHEME_CONTENT))
            return subStringFromLastMark(SystemMaster.getContentResolver().getType(file), "/");
        else
            return MimeTypeMap.getFileExtensionFromUrl(file.toString()).toLowerCase();
    }
    catch(Exception e)
    {
        return null;
    }
}

public static String getMimeType(Uri file)
{
    try
    {
        return MimeTypeMap.getSingleton().getMimeTypeFromExtension(getFileType(file));
    }
    catch(Exception e)
    {
        return null;
    }
}

public static String subStringFromLastMark(String str,String mark)
{
    int l = str.lastIndexOf(mark);
    int end = str.length();
    if(l == -1)
        return str;

    return str.substring(l + 1, end);
}

Answer:

Has also return null value
in my case path was

/storage/emulated/0/Music/01 – Ghost on the Dance Floor.mp3

as work around use

val url = inUrl.replace(” “,””)

so method looks like

@JvmStatic
    fun getMimeType(inUrl: String?): String {
        if (inUrl == null) return ""

        val url = inUrl.replace(" ","")
        var type: String? = null

        val extension = MimeTypeMap.getFileExtensionFromUrl(url)
        if (extension != null) {
            type = MimeTypeMap.getSingleton().getMimeTypeFromExtension(extension.toLowerCase())
        }

        if(type ==null){
            val cR = WifiTalkie.getApplicationContext().contentResolver
            type = cR.getType(Uri.parse(url))
        }

        if (type == null) {
            type = "*/*" // fallback method_type. You might set it to */*
        }
        return type
    }

as result it return success result:

audio/mpeg

Hope it helps anybody

Answer:

None of the answers here are perfect. Here is an answer combining the best elements of all the top answers:

public final class FileUtil {

    // By default, Android doesn't provide support for JSON
    public static final String MIME_TYPE_JSON = "application/json";

    @Nullable
    public static String getMimeType(@NonNull Context context, @NonNull Uri uri) {

        String mimeType = null;
        if (uri.getScheme().equals(ContentResolver.SCHEME_CONTENT)) {
            ContentResolver cr = context.getContentResolver();
            mimeType = cr.getType(uri);
        } else {
            String fileExtension = getExtension(uri.toString());

            if(fileExtension == null){
                return null;
            }

            mimeType = MimeTypeMap.getSingleton().getMimeTypeFromExtension(
                    fileExtension.toLowerCase());

            if(mimeType == null){
                // Handle the misc file extensions
                return handleMiscFileExtensions(fileExtension);
            }
        }
        return mimeType;
    }

    @Nullable
    private static String getExtension(@Nullable String fileName){

        if(fileName == null || TextUtils.isEmpty(fileName)){
            return null;
        }

        char[] arrayOfFilename = fileName.toCharArray();
        for(int i = arrayOfFilename.length-1; i > 0; i--){
            if(arrayOfFilename[i] == '.'){
                return fileName.substring(i+1, fileName.length());
            }
        }
        return null;
    }

    @Nullable
    private static String handleMiscFileExtensions(@NonNull String extension){

        if(extension.equals("json")){
            return MIME_TYPE_JSON;
        }
        else{
            return null;
        }
    }
}

Answer:

Intent myIntent = new Intent(android.content.Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
                        File file = new File(filePatch); 
                        Uri uris = Uri.fromFile(file);
                        String mimetype = null;
                        if 
(uris.getScheme().equals(ContentResolver.SCHEME_CONTENT)) {
                            ContentResolver cr = 
getApplicationContext().getContentResolver();
                            mimetype = cr.getType(uris);
                        } else {
                            String fileExtension = 
MimeTypeMap.getFileExtensionFromUrl(uris.toString());
mimetype =  MimeTypeMap.getSingleton().getMimeTypeFromExtension(fileExtension.toLowerCase());
                        }

Answer:

I consider the easiest way is to refer to this Resource file:
https://android.googlesource.com/platform/libcore/+/master/luni/src/main/java/libcore/net/android.mime.types

Answer:

I don’t realize why MimeTypeMap.getFileExtensionFromUrl() has problems with spaces and some other characters, that returns "", but I just wrote this method to change the file name to an admit-able one. It’s just playing with Strings. However, It kind of works. Through the method, the spaces existing in the file name is turned into a desirable character (which, here, is “x”) via replaceAll(" ", "x") and other unsuitable characters are turned into a suitable one via URLEncoder. so the usage (according to the codes presented in the question and the selected answer) should be something like getMimeType(reviseUrl(url)).

private String reviseUrl(String url) {

        String revisedUrl = "";
        int fileNameBeginning = url.lastIndexOf("/");
        int fileNameEnding = url.lastIndexOf(".");

        String cutFileNameFromUrl = url.substring(fileNameBeginning + 1, fileNameEnding).replaceAll(" ", "x");

        revisedUrl = url.
                substring(0, fileNameBeginning + 1) +
                java.net.URLEncoder.encode(cutFileNameFromUrl) +
                url.substring(fileNameEnding, url.length());

        return revisedUrl;
    }