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Finding Number of Cores in Java

Posted by: admin November 2, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

How can I find the number of cores available to my application from within Java code?

Answers:
int cores = Runtime.getRuntime().availableProcessors();

If cores is less than one, either your processor is about to die, or your JVM has a serious bug in it, or the universe is about to blow up.

Questions:
Answers:

If you want to get number of physical cores you can run cmd and terminal command and then to parse the output to get info you need. Below is shown function that returns number of physical cores.

private int getNumberOfCPUCores() {
    OsValidator osValidator = new OsValidator();
    String command = "";
    if(osValidator.isMac()){
        command = "sysctl -n machdep.cpu.core_count";
    }else if(osValidator.isUnix()){
        command = "lscpu";
    }else if(osValidator.isWindows()){
        command = "cmd /C WMIC CPU Get /Format:List";
    }
    Process process = null;
    int numberOfCores = 0;
    int sockets = 0;
    try {
        if(osValidator.isMac()){
            String[] cmd = { "/bin/sh", "-c", command};
            process = Runtime.getRuntime().exec(cmd);
        }else{
            process = Runtime.getRuntime().exec(command);
        }
    } catch (IOException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }

    BufferedReader reader = new BufferedReader(
            new InputStreamReader(process.getInputStream()));
    String line;

    try {
        while ((line = reader.readLine()) != null) {
            if(osValidator.isMac()){
                numberOfCores = line.length() > 0 ? Integer.parseInt(line) : 0;
            }else if (osValidator.isUnix()) {
                if (line.contains("Core(s) per socket:")) {
                    numberOfCores = Integer.parseInt(line.split("\s+")[line.split("\s+").length - 1]);
                }
                if(line.contains("Socket(s):")){
                    sockets = Integer.parseInt(line.split("\s+")[line.split("\s+").length - 1]);
                }
            } else if (osValidator.isWindows()) {
                if (line.contains("NumberOfCores")) {
                    numberOfCores = Integer.parseInt(line.split("=")[1]);
                }
            }
        }
    } catch (IOException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
    if(osValidator.isUnix()){
        return numberOfCores * sockets;
    }
    return numberOfCores;
}

OSValidator class:

public class OSValidator {

private static String OS = System.getProperty("os.name").toLowerCase();

public static void main(String[] args) {

    System.out.println(OS);

    if (isWindows()) {
        System.out.println("This is Windows");
    } else if (isMac()) {
        System.out.println("This is Mac");
    } else if (isUnix()) {
        System.out.println("This is Unix or Linux");
    } else if (isSolaris()) {
        System.out.println("This is Solaris");
    } else {
        System.out.println("Your OS is not support!!");
    }
}

public static boolean isWindows() {
    return (OS.indexOf("win") >= 0);
}

public static boolean isMac() {
    return (OS.indexOf("mac") >= 0);
}

public static boolean isUnix() {
    return (OS.indexOf("nix") >= 0 || OS.indexOf("nux") >= 0 || OS.indexOf("aix") > 0 );
}

public static boolean isSolaris() {
    return (OS.indexOf("sunos") >= 0);
}
public static String getOS(){
    if (isWindows()) {
        return "win";
    } else if (isMac()) {
        return "osx";
    } else if (isUnix()) {
        return "uni";
    } else if (isSolaris()) {
        return "sol";
    } else {
        return "err";
    }
}

}

Questions:
Answers:

This works on Windows with Cygwin installed:

System.getenv("NUMBER_OF_PROCESSORS")