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Get city name using geolocation

Posted by: admin November 29, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

I managed to get the user’s latitude and longitude using html5 geolocation.

//Check if browser supports W3C Geolocation API
if (navigator.geolocation) {
    navigator.geolocation.getCurrentPosition(successFunction, errorFunction);
} 
//Get latitude and longitude;
function successFunction(position) {
    var lat = position.coords.latitude;
    var long = position.coords.longitude;
}

I want to display the city name, it seems the only way to get it is to use a reverse geolocation api. I read google’s documentation for reverse geolocation but I don’t know how to get the output on my site.

I don’t know how to go use this: "http://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/geocode/json?latlng='+lat+','+long+'&sensor=true" to display the city name on the page.

What is standard way to do it?

Answers:

You would do something like that using Google API.

Please note you must include the google maps library for this to work. Google geocoder returns a lot of address components so you must make an educated guess as to which one will have the city.

“administrative_area_level_1” is usually what you are looking for but sometimes locality is the city you are after.

Anyhow – more details on google response types can be found here and here.

Below is the code that should do the trick:

<!DOCTYPE html> 
<html> 
<head> 
<meta name="viewport" content="initial-scale=1.0, user-scalable=no"/> 
<meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8"/> 
<title>Reverse Geocoding</title> 

<script type="text/javascript" src="http://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?sensor=false"></script> 
<script type="text/javascript"> 
  var geocoder;

  if (navigator.geolocation) {
    navigator.geolocation.getCurrentPosition(successFunction, errorFunction);
} 
//Get the latitude and the longitude;
function successFunction(position) {
    var lat = position.coords.latitude;
    var lng = position.coords.longitude;
    codeLatLng(lat, lng)
}

function errorFunction(){
    alert("Geocoder failed");
}

  function initialize() {
    geocoder = new google.maps.Geocoder();



  }

  function codeLatLng(lat, lng) {

    var latlng = new google.maps.LatLng(lat, lng);
    geocoder.geocode({'latLng': latlng}, function(results, status) {
      if (status == google.maps.GeocoderStatus.OK) {
      console.log(results)
        if (results[1]) {
         //formatted address
         alert(results[0].formatted_address)
        //find country name
             for (var i=0; i<results[0].address_components.length; i++) {
            for (var b=0;b<results[0].address_components[i].types.length;b++) {

            //there are different types that might hold a city admin_area_lvl_1 usually does in come cases looking for sublocality type will be more appropriate
                if (results[0].address_components[i].types[b] == "administrative_area_level_1") {
                    //this is the object you are looking for
                    city= results[0].address_components[i];
                    break;
                }
            }
        }
        //city data
        alert(city.short_name + " " + city.long_name)


        } else {
          alert("No results found");
        }
      } else {
        alert("Geocoder failed due to: " + status);
      }
    });
  }
</script> 
</head> 
<body onload="initialize()"> 

</body> 
</html> 

Questions:
Answers:

Another approach to this is to use my service, http://ipinfo.io, which returns the city, region and country name based on the user’s current IP address. Here’s a simple example:

$.get("http://ipinfo.io", function(response) {
    console.log(response.city, response.country);
}, "jsonp");

Here’s a more detailed JSFiddle example that also prints out the full response information, so you can see all of the available details: http://jsfiddle.net/zK5FN/2/

Questions:
Answers:

Using html5 geolocation requires user permission. In case you don’t want this, go for an external locator like https://geoip-db.com IPv6 is supported.

Example:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <title>GEOIP DB - jQuery example</title>
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.1.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
    <div>Country: <span id="country"></span>
    <div>State: <span id="state"></span>
    <div>City: <span id="city"></span>
    <div>Latitude: <span id="latitude"></span>
    <div>Longitude: <span id="longitude"></span>
    <div>IP: <span id="ip"></span>
    <script>
        $.ajax({
            url: "https://geoip-db.com/jsonp",
            jsonpCallback: "callback",
            dataType: "jsonp",
            success: function( location ) {
                $('#country').html(location.country_name);
                $('#state').html(location.state);
                $('#city').html(location.city);
                $('#latitude').html(location.latitude);
                $('#longitude').html(location.longitude);
                $('#ip').html(location.IPv4);  
            }
        });     
    </script>
</body>
</html>

For a pure javascript example, without using jQuery, check out this answer.

Questions:
Answers:

Here is updated working version for me which will get City/Town, It looks like some fields are modified in the json response. Referring previous answers for this questions. ( Thanks to Michal & one more reference : Link

var geocoder;

if (navigator.geolocation) {
  navigator.geolocation.getCurrentPosition(successFunction, errorFunction);
}
// Get the latitude and the longitude;
function successFunction(position) {
  var lat = position.coords.latitude;
  var lng = position.coords.longitude;
  codeLatLng(lat, lng);
}

function errorFunction() {
  alert("Geocoder failed");
}

function initialize() {
  geocoder = new google.maps.Geocoder();

}

function codeLatLng(lat, lng) {
  var latlng = new google.maps.LatLng(lat, lng);
  geocoder.geocode({latLng: latlng}, function(results, status) {
    if (status == google.maps.GeocoderStatus.OK) {
      if (results[1]) {
        var arrAddress = results;
        console.log(results);
        $.each(arrAddress, function(i, address_component) {
          if (address_component.types[0] == "locality") {
            console.log("City: " + address_component.address_components[0].long_name);
            itemLocality = address_component.address_components[0].long_name;
          }
        });
      } else {
        alert("No results found");
      }
    } else {
      alert("Geocoder failed due to: " + status);
    }
  });
}

Questions:
Answers:

You can get the name of the city, country, street name and other geodata using the Google Maps Geocoding API

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title></title>
    <script type="text/javascript" src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-2.2.3.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
    <script type="text/javascript">
        navigator.geolocation.getCurrentPosition(success, error);

        function success(position) {
            console.log(position.coords.latitude)
            console.log(position.coords.longitude)

            var GEOCODING = 'https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/geocode/json?latlng=' + position.coords.latitude + '%2C' + position.coords.longitude + '&language=en';

            $.getJSON(GEOCODING).done(function(location) {
                console.log(location)
            })

        }

        function error(err) {
            console.log(err)
        }
    </script>
</body>
</html>

and to display this data on the page using jQuery

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title></title>
    <script type="text/javascript" src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-2.2.3.js"></script>
</head>
<body>

    <p>Country: <span id="country"></span></p>
    <p>State: <span id="state"></span></p>
    <p>City: <span id="city"></span></p>
    <p>Address: <span id="address"></span></p>

    <p>Latitude: <span id="latitude"></span></p>
    <p>Longitude: <span id="longitude"></span></p>

    <script type="text/javascript">
        navigator.geolocation.getCurrentPosition(success, error);

        function success(position) {

            var GEOCODING = 'https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/geocode/json?latlng=' + position.coords.latitude + '%2C' + position.coords.longitude + '&language=en';

            $.getJSON(GEOCODING).done(function(location) {
                $('#country').html(location.results[0].address_components[5].long_name);
                $('#state').html(location.results[0].address_components[4].long_name);
                $('#city').html(location.results[0].address_components[2].long_name);
                $('#address').html(location.results[0].formatted_address);
                $('#latitude').html(position.coords.latitude);
                $('#longitude').html(position.coords.longitude);
            })

        }

        function error(err) {
            console.log(err)
        }
    </script>
</body>
</html>

Questions:
Answers:

geolocator.js can do that. (I’m the author).

Getting City Name (Limited Address)

geolocator.locateByIP(options, function (err, location) {
    console.log(location.address.city);
});

Getting Full Address Information

Example below will first try HTML5 Geolocation API to obtain the exact coordinates. If fails or rejected, it will fallback to Geo-IP look-up. Once it gets the coordinates, it will reverse-geocode the coordinates into an address.

var options = {
    enableHighAccuracy: true,
    fallbackToIP: true, // fallback to IP if Geolocation fails or rejected
    addressLookup: true
};
geolocator.locate(options, function (err, location) {
    console.log(location.address.city);
});

This uses Google APIs internally (for address lookup). So before this call, you should configure geolocator with your Google API key.

geolocator.config({
    language: "en",
    google: {
        version: "3",
        key: "YOUR-GOOGLE-API-KEY"
    }
});

Geolocator supports geo-location (via HTML5 or IP lookups), geocoding, address look-ups (reverse geocoding), distance & durations, timezone information and a lot more features…

Questions:
Answers:

After some searching and piecing together a couple of different solutions along with my own stuff, I came up with this function:

function parse_place(place)
{
    var location = [];

    for (var ac = 0; ac < place.address_components.length; ac++)
    {
        var component = place.address_components[ac];

        switch(component.types[0])
        {
            case 'locality':
                location['city'] = component.long_name;
                break;
            case 'administrative_area_level_1':
                location['state'] = component.long_name;
                break;
            case 'country':
                location['country'] = component.long_name;
                break;
        }
    };

    return location;
}

Questions:
Answers:

You can use https://ip-api.io/ to get city Name. It supports IPv6.

As a bonus it allows to check whether ip address is a tor node, public proxy or spammer.

Javascript Code:

$(document).ready(function () {
        $('#btnGetIpDetail').click(function () {
            if ($('#txtIP').val() == '') {
                alert('IP address is reqired');
                return false;
            }
            $.getJSON("http://ip-api.io/json/" + $('#txtIP').val(),
                 function (result) {
                     alert('City Name: ' + result.city)
                     console.log(result);
                 });
        });
    });

HTML Code

<script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-1.12.4.js"></script>
<div>
    <input type="text" id="txtIP" />
    <button id="btnGetIpDetail">Get Location of IP</button>
</div>

JSON Output

{
    "ip": "64.30.228.118",
    "country_code": "US",
    "country_name": "United States",
    "region_code": "FL",
    "region_name": "Florida",
    "city": "Fort Lauderdale",
    "zip_code": "33309",
    "time_zone": "America/New_York",
    "latitude": 26.1882,
    "longitude": -80.1711,
    "metro_code": 528,
    "suspicious_factors": {
        "is_proxy": false,
        "is_tor_node": false,
        "is_spam": false,
        "is_suspicious": false
    }
}

Questions:
Answers:

Here is another go at it .. Adding more to the accepted answer possibly more comprehensive .. of course switch -case will make it look for elegant.

function parseGeoLocationResults(result) {
    const parsedResult = {}
    const {address_components} = result;

    for (var i = 0; i < address_components.length; i++) {
        for (var b = 0; b < address_components[i].types.length; b++) {
            if (address_components[i].types[b] == "street_number") {
                //this is the object you are looking for
                parsedResult.street_number = address_components[i].long_name;
                break;
            }
            else if (address_components[i].types[b] == "route") {
                //this is the object you are looking for
                parsedResult.street_name = address_components[i].long_name;
                break;
            }
            else if (address_components[i].types[b] == "sublocality_level_1") {
                //this is the object you are looking for
                parsedResult.sublocality_level_1 = address_components[i].long_name;
                break;
            }
            else if (address_components[i].types[b] == "sublocality_level_2") {
                //this is the object you are looking for
                parsedResult.sublocality_level_2 = address_components[i].long_name;
                break;
            }
            else if (address_components[i].types[b] == "sublocality_level_3") {
                //this is the object you are looking for
                parsedResult.sublocality_level_3 = address_components[i].long_name;
                break;
            }
            else if (address_components[i].types[b] == "neighborhood") {
                //this is the object you are looking for
                parsedResult.neighborhood = address_components[i].long_name;
                break;
            }
            else if (address_components[i].types[b] == "locality") {
                //this is the object you are looking for
                parsedResult.city = address_components[i].long_name;
                break;
            }
            else if (address_components[i].types[b] == "administrative_area_level_1") {
                //this is the object you are looking for
                parsedResult.state = address_components[i].long_name;
                break;
            }

            else if (address_components[i].types[b] == "postal_code") {
                //this is the object you are looking for
                parsedResult.zip = address_components[i].long_name;
                break;
            }
            else if (address_components[i].types[b] == "country") {
                //this is the object you are looking for
                parsedResult.country = address_components[i].long_name;
                break;
            }
        }
    }
    return parsedResult;
}

Questions:
Answers:

As @PirateApp mentioned in his comment, it’s explicitly against Google’s Maps API Licensing to use the Maps API as you intend.

You have a number of alternatives, including downloading a Geoip database and querying it locally or using a third party API service, such as mine ipdata.co

$.get("https://api.ipdata.co", function(response) {
  $("#ip").html("IP: " + response.ip);
  $("#city").html(response.city + ", " + response.region);
  $("#response").html(JSON.stringify(response, null, 4));
}, "jsonp");
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
<h1><a href="https://ipdata.co">ipdata.co</a> - IP geolocation API</h1>

<div id="ip"></div>
<div id="city"></div>
<pre id="response"></pre>