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get dictionary value by key

Posted by: admin November 29, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

How can I get the dictionary value by key on function

my function code is this ( and the command what I try but didn’t work ):

static void XML_Array(Dictionary<string, string> Data_Array)
{
    String xmlfile = Data_Array.TryGetValue("XML_File", out value);
}

my button code is this

private void button2_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
    Dictionary<string, string> Data_Array = new Dictionary<string, string>();
    Data_Array.Add("XML_File", "Settings.xml");

    XML_Array(Data_Array);
}

I want something like this:
on XML_Array function to be
string xmlfile = Settings.xml

Answers:

It’s as simple as this:

String xmlfile = Data_Array["XML_File"];

Note that if the dictionary doesn’t have a key that equals "XML_File", that code will throw an exception. If you want to check first, you can use TryGetValue like this:

string xmlfile;
if (!Data_Array.TryGetValue("XML_File", out xmlfile)) {
   // the key isn't in the dictionary.
   return; // or whatever you want to do
}
// xmlfile is now equal to the value

Questions:
Answers:

That is not how the TryGetValue works. It returns true or false based on whether the key is found or not, and sets its out parameter to the corresponding value if the key is there.

If you want to check if the key is there or not and do something when it’s missing, you need something like this:

bool hasValue = Data_Array.TryGetValue("XML_File", out value);
if (hasValue) {
    xmlfile = value;
} else {
    // do something when the value is not there
}

Questions:
Answers:

Why not just use key name on dictionary, C# has this:

 Dictionary<string, string> dict = new Dictionary<string, string>();
 dict.Add("UserID", "test");
 string userIDFromDictionaryByKey = dict["UserID"];

If you look at the tip suggestion:

enter image description here

Questions:
Answers:
static void XML_Array(Dictionary<string, string> Data_Array)
{
    String value;
    if(Data_Array.TryGetValue("XML_File", out value))
    {
     ... Do something here with value ...
    }
}

Questions:
Answers:
static String findFirstKeyByValue(Dictionary<string, string> Data_Array, String value)
{
    if (Data_Array.ContainsValue(value))
    {
        foreach (String key in Data_Array.Keys)
        {
            if (Data_Array[key].Equals(value))
                return key;
        }
    }
    return null;
}

Questions:
Answers:
          private void button2_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
            {
                Dictionary<string, string> Data_Array = new Dictionary<string, string>();
                Data_Array.Add("XML_File", "Settings.xml");

                XML_Array(Data_Array);
            }
          static void XML_Array(Dictionary<string, string> Data_Array)
            {
                String xmlfile = Data_Array["XML_File"];
            }

Questions:
Answers:

I use a similar method to dasblinkenlight’s in a function to return a single key value from a Cookie containing a JSON array loaded into a Dictionary as follows:

    /// <summary>
    /// Gets a single key Value from a Json filled cookie with 'cookiename','key' 
    /// </summary>
    public static string GetSpecialCookieKeyVal(string _CookieName, string _key)
    {
        //CALL COOKIE VALUES INTO DICTIONARY
        Dictionary<string, string> dictCookie =
        JsonConvert.DeserializeObject<Dictionary<string, string>>
         (MyCookinator.Get(_CookieName));

        string value;
        if (dictCookie.TryGetValue( _key, out value))
        {
            return value;
        }
        else
        {
            return "0";
        }

    }

Where “MyCookinator.Get()” is another simple Cookie function getting an http cookie overall value.

Questions:
Answers:

Here is example which I use in my source code.
I am getting key and value from Dictionary from element 0 to number of elements in my Dictionary. Then I fill my string[] array which I send as a parameter after in my function which accept only params string[]

    Dictionary<string, decimal> listKomPop = addElements();
    int xpopCount = listKomPop.Count;
    if (xpopCount > 0)
    {
        string[] xpostoci = new string[xpopCount];
        for (int i = 0; i < xpopCount; i++)
        {
            /* here you have key and value element */
            string key = listKomPop.Keys.ElementAt(i);
            decimal value = listKomPop[key];

            xpostoci[i] = value.ToString();
        }
    ...

Hope this will help you and the others. This solution works with SortedDictionary also.

Kind regards,

Ozren Sirola

Questions:
Answers:
Dictionary<String,String> d = new Dictionary<String,String>();
        d.Add("1","Mahadev");
        d.Add("2","Mahesh");
        Console.WriteLine(d["1"]);// it will print Value of key '1'