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git – How to delete a remote tag?

Posted by: admin February 21, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

How do you delete a Git tag that has already been pushed?

How to&Answers:

You just need to push an ’empty’ reference to the remote tag name:

git push origin :tagname

Or, more expressively, use the --delete option (or -d if your git version is older than 1.8.0):

git push --delete origin tagname

Note that git has tag namespace and branch namespace so you may use the same name for a branch and for a tag. If you want to make sure that you cannot accidentally remove the branch instead of the tag, you can specify full ref which will never delete a branch:

git push origin :refs/tags/tagname

If you also need to delete the local tag, use:

git tag --delete tagname

Background

Pushing a branch, tag, or other ref to a remote repository involves specifying “which repo, what source, what destination?”

git push remote-repo source-ref:destination-ref

A real world example where you push your master branch to the origin’s master branch is:

git push origin refs/heads/master:refs/heads/master

Which because of default paths, can be shortened to:

git push origin master:master

Tags work the same way:

git push origin refs/tags/release-1.0:refs/tags/release-1.0

Which can also be shortened to:

git push origin release-1.0:release-1.0

By omitting the source ref (the part before the colon), you push ‘nothing’ to the destination, deleting the ref on the remote end.

Answer:

A more straightforward way is

git push --delete origin YOUR_TAG_NAME

IMO prefixing colon syntax is a little bit odd in this situation

Answer:

If you have a remote tag v0.1.0 to delete, and your remote is origin, then simply:

git push origin :refs/tags/v0.1.0

If you also need to delete the tag locally:

git tag -d v0.1.0

See Adam Franco‘s answer for an explanation of Git’s unusual : syntax for deletion.

Answer:

Delete all local tags and get the list of remote tags:

git tag -l | xargs git tag -d
git fetch

Remove all remote tags

git tag -l | xargs -n 1 git push --delete origin

Clean up local tags

git tag -l | xargs git tag -d

Answer:

To remove the tag from the remote repository:

git push --delete origin TAGNAME

You may also want to delete the tag locally:

git tag -d TAGNAME

Answer:

From your terminal, do this:

git fetch
git tags
git tag -d {tag-name}
git push origin :refs/tags/{tag-name}

Now go to Github.com and refresh, they disappear.

Answer:

Delete local tag ‘12345’

git tag -d 12345

Delete remote tag ‘12345’ (eg; GitHub version too)

git push origin :refs/tags/12345

alternative approach

git push --delete origin tagName
git tag -d tagName

enter image description here

Answer:

git tag -d your_tag_name
git push origin :refs/tags/your_tag_name

First line deletes your_tag_name from local repo and second one deletes it from remote repo. Now your_tag has been deleted completely, both from local and remote repo, but sometimes you may need to remove deleted tag which drafted by GitHub manually in your release section.

Answer:

Just notice that, if you have a remote branch named as a remote tag, these commands are ambiguous:

git push origin :tagname
git push --delete origin tagname

So you must use this command to delete the tag:

git push origin :refs/tags/<tag>

and this one to delete the branch:

git push origin :refs/heads/<branch>

If not, you would get an error like this:

error: dst refspec <tagname> matches more than one.
error: failed to push some refs to '<repo>'

Answer:

Up to 100x faster method for thousands of remote tags

After reading through these answers while needing to delete over 11,000 tags, I learned these methods relying or xargs take far too long, unless you have hours to burn.

Struggling, I found two much faster ways. For both, start with git tag or git ls-remote --tags to make a list of tags you want to delete on the remote. In the examples below you can omit or replace sorting_proccessing_etc with any greping, sorting, tailing or heading you want (e.g. grep -P "my_regex" | sort | head -n -200 etc) :


This first method is by far the fastest, maybe 20 to 100 times faster than using xargs, and works with a least several thousand tags at a time.

git push origin $(< git tag | sorting_processing_etc \
| sed -e 's/^/:/' | paste -sd " ") #note exclude "<" for zsh

How does this work?
The normal, line-separated list of tags is converted to a single line of space-separated tags, each prepended with : so . . .

tag1   becomes
tag2   ======>  :tag1 :tag2 :tag3
tag3

Using git push with this format tag pushes nothing into each remote ref, erasing it (the normal format for pushing this way is local_ref_path:remote_ref_path).

Method two is broken out as a separate answer elsewhere on this same page


After both of these methods, you’ll probably want to delete your local tags too.
This is much faster so we can go back to using xargs and git tag -d, which is sufficient.

git tag | sorting_processing_etc | xargs -L 1 git tag -d

OR similar to the remote delete:

git tag -d $(< git tag | sorting_processing_etc | paste -sd " ")

Answer:

If you use SourceTree – a great Git GUI – then you can easily do this without the command line by doing the following:

  1. Open your repository in SourceTree
  2. Select and expand the “Tags” tab on the left
  3. Right-Click on the tag you want deleted
  4. Select “Delete YOUR_TAG_NAME”
  5. In the verification window, select “Remove Tag From Remotes”

YOUR_TAG_NAME will now be removed from your local repository and all remotes – be it GitHub, BitBucket, or wherever else you listed as a remote for that repository.

Also, if you deleted a tag locally but not on the remote origins, and you want to delete it everywhere, then just create a new tag that has the same name and is attached at the same commit as the origins. Then, repeat the steps above to delete everywhere.

Answer:

If you have created a tag called release01 in a Git repository you would remove it from your repository by doing the following:

git tag -d release01 
git push origin :refs/tags/release01 

To remove one from a Mercurial repository:

hg tag --remove featurefoo

Please reference https://confluence.atlassian.com/pages/viewpage.action?pageId=282175551

Answer:

As @CubanX suggested, I’ve split this answer from my original:

Here is a method which is several times faster than xargs and may scale much more with tweaking. It uses the Github API, a personal access token, and leverages the utility parallel.

git tag | sorting_processing_etc | parallel --jobs 2 curl -i -X DELETE \ 
https://api.github.com/repos/My_Account/my_repo/git/refs/tags/{} -H 
\"authorization: token GIT_OAUTH_OR_PERSONAL_KEY_HERE\"  \
-H \"cache-control: no-cache\"`

parallel has many operating modes, but generally parallelizes any command you give it while allowing you to set limits on the number of processes. You can alter the --jobs 2 parameter to allow faster operation, but I had problems with Github’s rate limits, which are currently 5000/hr, but also seems to have an undocumented short-term limit as well.


After this, you’ll probably want to delete your local tags too.
This is much faster so we can go back to using xargs and git tag -d, which is sufficient.

git tag | sorting_processing_etc | xargs -L 1 git tag -d

Answer:

The other answers point out how to accomplish this, but you should keep in mind the consequences since this is a remote repository.

The git tag man page, in the On Retagging section, has a good explanation of how to courteously inform the remote repo’s other users of the change. They even give a handy announcement template for communicating how others should get your changes.

Answer:

If you’re using PowerShell, and you want to delete a bunch of them:

# Local tags:
git tag -l | foreach { git tag -d $_ }

# Remote tags:
git tag -l | foreach { git push --delete origin $_ }

Of course, you can also filter them before deleting:

git tag -l | Where-Object { $_ -like "build-*" } | foreach { git tag -d $_ }

Answer:

I wanted to remove all tags except for those that match a pattern so that I could delete all but the last couple of months of production tags, here’s what I used to great success:

Delete All Remote Tags & Exclude Expression From Delete

git tag -l | grep -P '^(?!Production-2017-0[89])' | xargs -n 1 git push --delete origin

Delete All Local Tags & Exclude Expression From Delete

git tag -l | grep -P '^(?!Production-2017-0[89])' | xargs git tag -d

Answer:

Simple script to remove given tag from both local and origin locations.
With a check if tag really exists.

if [ $(git tag -l "$1") ]; then
    git tag --delete  $1
    git push --delete origin $1

    echo done.
else
    echo tag named "$1" was not found
fi

How to use:

  • Create shell script file (e.g. git-tag-purge.sh) and paste content.
  • chmod your script file to make it executable.
  • Make the script globally available
  • cd to your git project
  • Call script (e.g.
    $>git-tag-purge.sh tag_name

    )

Answer:

Seems like a lot of work for something xargs already does. Looking back through this thread, I’m guessing the slowness with xargs that you experienced is because the original answer used xargs -n 1 when it didn’t really need to.

This is equivalent to your method one except that xargs automatically deals with the maximum command line length:

git tag | sorting_processing_etc | xargs git push --delete origin

xargs can run processes in parallel too. Method 2 with xargs:

git tag | sorting_processing_etc | xargs -P 5 -n 100 git push --delete origin

The above uses a maximum of 5 processes to handle a maximum of 100 arguments in each process. You can experiment with the arguments to find what works best for your needs.

Answer:

If you have a tag created starting with the # character, e.g. #ST002, you might find that u are unable to delete using normal patterns. i.e.

git tag -d #STOO2

Will not delete the tag, but wrapping it in a String Literal like so

git tag -d "#ST002" or git tag -d '#ST002'

That will get it deleted. Hoping it will help someone who made the mistake of using # to write tag names.

Answer:

Here is a local testcase to test it locally without messing with a remote:

~/p $ mkdir gittest    
~/p/git $ cd gittest/
~/p/gittest $ git init
Initialized empty Git repository in /Users/local_user/p/gittest/.git/
 ~/p/gittest $ touch testfile.txt
 ~/p/gittest $ git add testfile.txt
 ~/p/gittest $ git commit -m "initial commit"
[master (root-commit) 912ce0e] initial commit
 1 file changed, 0 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 testfile.txt
 ~/p/gittest $ git tag
 ~/p/gittest $ git tag -a testtag
 ~/p/gittest $ git tag
testtag
 ~/p/gittest $ git show-ref
912ce0e40635c90241fdab756dce7ea34938de57 refs/heads/master
b0a6c15cabb990e6d6c46f762891b63608d962f3 refs/tags/testtag
 ~/p/gittest $ cd ..
 ~/p $ mkdir gitbare
 ~/p $ cd gitbare
 ~/p/gitbare $ git init --bare
Initialized empty Git repository in /Users/local_user/p/gitbare/
 ~/p/gitbare $ cd ..
 ~/p $ cd gittest/
 ~/p/gittest $ git remote add origin /Users/local_user/p/gitbare
 ~/p/gittest $ git push -u origin master
Counting objects: 3, done.
Writing objects: 100% (3/3), 215 bytes | 215.00 KiB/s, done.
Total 3 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0)
To /Users/local_user/p/gitbare
 * [new branch]      master -> master
Branch 'master' set up to track remote branch 'master' from 'origin'.
 ~/p/gittest $ git push origin testtag
Counting objects: 1, done.
Writing objects: 100% (1/1), 163 bytes | 163.00 KiB/s, done.
Total 1 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0)
To /Users/local_user/p/gitbare
 * [new tag]         testtag -> testtag
 ~/p/gittest $ git show-ref
912ce0e40635c90241fdab756dce7ea34938de57 refs/heads/master
912ce0e40635c90241fdab756dce7ea34938de57 refs/remotes/origin/master
b0a6c15cabb990e6d6c46f762891b63608d962f3 refs/tags/testtag
 ~/p/gittest $ git push -d origin testtag
To /Users/local_user/p/gitbare
 - [deleted]         testtag
 ~/p/gittest    git tag -d testtag
Deleted tag 'testtag' (was b0a6c15)
 ~/p/gittest $ git show-ref
912ce0e40635c90241fdab756dce7ea34938de57 refs/heads/master
912ce0e40635c90241fdab756dce7ea34938de57 refs/remotes/origin/master
 ~/p/gittest

Answer:

Hi just wanted to share an alias I created which does the same thing:

Add the following to your ~/.gitconfig

[alias]
    delete-tag = "!f() { \
            echo 'deleting tag' $1 'from remote/origin ausing command: git push --delete origin tagName;'; \
            git push --delete origin $1; \
            echo 'deleting tag' $1 'from local using command: git tag -d tagName;'; \
            git tag -d $1; \
        }; f"

The usage looks like:

-->git delete-tag v1.0-DeleteMe
deleting tag v1.0-DeleteMe from remote/origin ausing command: git push --delete origin tagName;
To https://github.com/jsticha/pafs
 - [deleted]             v1.0-DeleteMe
deleting tag v1.0-DeleteMe from local using command: git tag -d tagName;
Deleted tag 'v1.0-DeleteMe' (was 300d3ef22)