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gradle – HttpClient won't import in Android Studio

Posted by: admin March 10, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I have a simple class written in Android Studio:

package com.mysite.myapp;

import org.apache.http.client.HttpClient;

public class Whatever {
    public void headBangingAgainstTheWallExample () {
        HttpClient client = new DefaultHttpClient();
    }
}

and from this I get the following compile time error:

Cannot resolve symbol HttpClient

Isn’t HttpClient included in the Android Studio SDK? Even if it is not, I added it to my Gradle build like this:

dependencies {
    compile fileTree(dir: 'libs', include: ['*.jar'])
    compile 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:23.0.0'
    compile 'org.apache.httpcomponents:httpclient:4.5'
}

With or without the last compile line, the error is the same. What am I missing?

How to&Answers:

HttpClient is not supported any more in sdk 23. You have to use URLConnection or downgrade to sdk 22 (compile 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:22.2.0')

If you need sdk 23, add this to your gradle:

android {
    useLibrary 'org.apache.http.legacy'
}

You also may try to download and include HttpClient jar directly into your project or use OkHttp instead

Answer:

HttpClient was deprecated in API Level 22 and removed in API Level 23. You can still use it in API Level 23 and onwards if you must, however it is best to move to supported methods to handle HTTP. So, if you’re compiling with 23, add this in your build.gradle:

android {
    useLibrary 'org.apache.http.legacy'
}

Answer:

TejaDroid’s answer in below link helped me . Can't import org.apache.http.HttpResponse in Android Studio

dependencies {
    compile fileTree(include: ['*.jar'], dir: 'libs')
    compile 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:23.0.1'

    compile 'org.jbundle.util.osgi.wrapped:org.jbundle.util.osgi.wrapped.org.apache.http.client:4.1.2'
    ...
}

Answer:

To use Apache HTTP for SDK Level 23:

Top level build.gradle – /build.gradle

buildscript {
    ...
    dependencies {
        classpath 'com.android.tools.build:gradle:1.5.0' 
        // Lowest version for useLibrary is 1.3.0
        // Android Studio will notify you about the latest stable version
        // See all versions: http://jcenter.bintray.com/com/android/tools/build/gradle/
    }
    ...
}

Notification from Android studio about gradle update:

Notification from Android studio about gradle update

Module specific build.gradle – /app/build.gradle

android {
    compileSdkVersion 23
    buildToolsVersion "23.0.2"
    ...
    useLibrary 'org.apache.http.legacy'
    ...
}

Answer:

Try this
worked for me
Add this dependency to your build.gradle File

compile 'org.jbundle.util.osgi.wrapped:org.jbundle.util.osgi.wrapped.org.apache.http.client:4.1.2'

Answer:

1- download Apache jar files (as of this answer) 4.5.zip file from:
https://hc.apache.org/downloads.cgi?Preferred=http%3A%2F%2Fapache.arvixe.com%2F

2- open the zip copy the jar files into your libs folder. You can find it if you go to the top of your project where it says “Android” you’ll find a list when u click it. So,

Android -> Project -> app -> libs

,Then put jars there.

3- In build.gradle (Module: app) add

compile fileTree(dir: 'libs', include: ['*.jar'])

in

 dependency { 
   }

4- In the java class add these imports:

import org.apache.http.HttpResponse;

import org.apache.http.client.HttpClient;

import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpGet;

import org.apache.http.impl.client.DefaultHttpClient;

import org.apache.http.params.CoreProtocolPNames;

Answer:

HttpClient is not supported any more in sdk 23. Android 6.0 (API Level 23) release removes support for the Apache HTTP client.
You have to use

android {
    useLibrary 'org.apache.http.legacy'
    .
    .
    .

and also add below code snippet in your dependency :

//http final solution for web-service (including file uploading)

compile('org.apache.httpcomponents:httpmime:4.3.6') {
        exclude module: 'httpclient'
}
 compile 'org.apache.httpcomponents:httpclient-android:4.3.5'

It will also help you while you use Use MultipartEntity for File upload.

Answer:

in API 22 they become deprecated and in API 23 they removed them completely, a simple workaround if you don’t need all the fancy stuff from the new additions is to simply use the .jar files from apache that were integrated before API 22, but as separated .jar files:

1. http://hc.apache.org/downloads.cgi
2. download httpclient 4.5.1, the zile file
3. unzip all files
4. drag in your project httpclient-4.5.1.jar, httpcore-4.4.3.jar and httpmime-4.5.1.jar
5. project, right click, open module settings, app, dependencies, +, File dependency and add the 3 files
6. now everything should compile properly

Answer:

If you want import some class like :

import org.apache.http.NameValuePair;
import org.apache.http.client.HttpClient; 
import org.apache.http.client.entity.UrlEncodedFormEntity;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpPost;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.DefaultHttpClient;
import org.apache.http.message.BasicNameValuePair;
import org.apache.http.params.BasicHttpParams;
import org.apache.http.params.HttpConnectionParams;
import org.apache.http.params.HttpParams;

You can add the following line in the build.gradle (Gradle dependencies)

dependencies {
    implementation fileTree(dir: 'libs', include: ['*.jar'])
    implementation 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:27.1.0'
    implementation 'com.android.support:support-v4:27.1.0'

    .
    .
    .

    implementation 'org.jbundle.util.osgi.wrapped:org.jbundle.util.osgi.wrapped.org.apache.http.client:4.1.2'

}

Answer:

You can simply add this to Gradle dependencies:

compile "org.apache.httpcomponents:httpcore:4.3.2"

Answer:

Android 6.0 (API Level 23) release removes support for the Apache HTTP client. Hence you can not use this library directly in API 23. But there is a way to use it. Add useLibrary ‘org.apache.http.legacy’ in your build.gradle file as below-

android {
    useLibrary 'org.apache.http.legacy'
}

If this does not work you may apply the following hack-

– Copy org.apache.http.legacy.jar which is in /platforms/android-23/optional path of your Android SDK directory to your project’s app/libs folder.

– Now Add compile files(‘libs/org.apache.http.legacy.jar’) inside dependencies{} section of build.gradle file.

Answer:

ApacheHttp Client is removed in v23 sdk. You can use HttpURLConnection or third party Http Client like OkHttp.

ref : https://developer.android.com/preview/behavior-changes.html#behavior-apache-http-client

Answer:

Simply use this :-

android {
         .
         .
         .
 useLibrary 'org.apache.http.legacy'
         .
         .
         .
          }

Answer:

HttpClient is not supported in sdk 23 and 23+.

If you need to use into sdk 23, add below code to your gradle:

android {
    useLibrary 'org.apache.http.legacy'
}

Its working for me. Hope useful for you.

Answer:

If you need sdk 23, add this to your gradle:

android {
    useLibrary 'org.apache.http.legacy'
}

Answer:

You have to add just one line

useLibrary 'org.apache.http.legacy'

into build.gradle(Module: app), for example

apply plugin: 'com.android.application'

android {
    compileSdkVersion 24
    buildToolsVersion "25.0.0"

    useLibrary 'org.apache.http.legacy'

    defaultConfig {
        applicationId "com.avenues.lib.testotpappnew"
        minSdkVersion 15
        targetSdkVersion 24
        versionCode 1
        versionName "1.0"
        testInstrumentationRunner "android.support.test.runner.AndroidJUnitRunner"
    }
    buildTypes {
        release {
            minifyEnabled false
            proguardFiles getDefaultProguardFile('proguard-android.txt'), 'proguard-rules.pro'
        }
    }
}

dependencies {
    compile fileTree(dir: 'libs', include: ['*.jar'])
    androidTestCompile('com.android.support.test.espresso:espresso-core:2.2.2', {
        exclude group: 'com.android.support', module: 'support-annotations'
    })
    compile 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:24.2.1'
    testCompile 'junit:junit:4.12'
}

Answer:

Which API target do you have within your project?AndroidHttpClientis only for API Level 8 <.
and please have a look on here

enjoy your code:)

Answer:

As mentioned before, org.apache.http.client.HttpClient is not supported any more in:

SDK (API level) #23.

You have to use java.net.HttpURLConnection.

If you want to make your code (and life) easier when using HttpURLConnection, here is a Wrapper of this class that will let you do simple operations with GET, POST and PUT using JSON, like for example, doing a HTTP PUT.

HttpRequest request = new HttpRequest(API_URL + PATH).addHeader("Content-Type", "application/json");
int httpCode = request.put(new JSONObject().toString());
if (HttpURLConnection.HTTP_OK == httpCode) {
    response = request.getJSONObjectResponse();
} else {
  // log error
}
httpRequest.close()

Feel free to use it.

package com.calculistik.repository;

import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.BufferedWriter;
import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.io.OutputStreamWriter;
import java.net.HttpURLConnection;
import java.net.URL;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

import org.json.JSONArray;
import org.json.JSONException;
import org.json.JSONObject;

/**
 * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS HEADER.
 * <p>
 * Copyright © 2017, Calculistik . All rights reserved.
 * <p>
 * Oracle and Java are registered trademarks of Oracle and/or its
 * affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners.
 * <p>
 * The contents of this file are subject to the terms of either the GNU
 * General Public License Version 2 only ("GPL") or the Common
 * Development and Distribution License("CDDL") (collectively, the
 * "License"). You may not use this file except in compliance with the
 * License. You can obtain a copy of the License at
 * https://netbeans.org/cddl-gplv2.html or
 * nbbuild/licenses/CDDL-GPL-2-CP. See the License for the specific
 * language governing permissions and limitations under the License.
 * When distributing the software, include this License Header
 * Notice in each file and include the License file at
 * nbbuild/licenses/CDDL-GPL-2-CP. Oracle designates this particular file
 * as subject to the "Classpath" exception as provided by Oracle in the
 * GPL Version 2 section of the License file that accompanied this code. If
 * applicable, add the following below the License Header, with the fields
 * enclosed by brackets [] replaced by your own identifying information:
 * "Portions Copyrighted [year] [name of copyright owner]"
 * <p>
 * Contributor(s):
 * Created by alejandro tkachuk @aletkachuk
 * www.calculistik.com
 */
public class HttpRequest {

    public static enum Method {
        POST, PUT, DELETE, GET;
    }

    private URL url;
    private HttpURLConnection connection;
    private OutputStream outputStream;
    private HashMap<String, String> params = new HashMap<String, String>();

    public HttpRequest(String url) throws IOException {
        this.url = new URL(url);
        connection = (HttpURLConnection) this.url.openConnection();
    }

    public int get() throws IOException {
        return this.send();
    }

    public int post(String data) throws IOException {
        connection.setDoInput(true);
        connection.setRequestMethod(Method.POST.toString());
        connection.setDoOutput(true);
        outputStream = connection.getOutputStream();
        this.sendData(data);
        return this.send();
    }

    public int post() throws IOException {
        connection.setDoInput(true);
        connection.setRequestMethod(Method.POST.toString());
        connection.setDoOutput(true);
        outputStream = connection.getOutputStream();
        return this.send();
    }

    public int put(String data) throws IOException {
        connection.setDoInput(true);
        connection.setRequestMethod(Method.PUT.toString());
        connection.setDoOutput(true);
        outputStream = connection.getOutputStream();
        this.sendData(data);
        return this.send();
    }

    public int put() throws IOException {
        connection.setDoInput(true);
        connection.setRequestMethod(Method.PUT.toString());
        connection.setDoOutput(true);
        outputStream = connection.getOutputStream();
        return this.send();
    }

    public HttpRequest addHeader(String key, String value) {
        connection.setRequestProperty(key, value);
        return this;
    }

    public HttpRequest addParameter(String key, String value) {
        this.params.put(key, value);
        return this;
    }

    public JSONObject getJSONObjectResponse() throws JSONException, IOException {
        return new JSONObject(getStringResponse());
    }

    public JSONArray getJSONArrayResponse() throws JSONException, IOException {
        return new JSONArray(getStringResponse());
    }

    public String getStringResponse() throws IOException {
        BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(connection.getInputStream()));
        StringBuilder response = new StringBuilder();
        for (String line; (line = br.readLine()) != null; ) response.append(line + "\n");
        return response.toString();
    }

    public byte[] getBytesResponse() throws IOException {
        byte[] buffer = new byte[8192];
        InputStream is = connection.getInputStream();
        ByteArrayOutputStream output = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
        for (int bytesRead; (bytesRead = is.read(buffer)) >= 0; )
            output.write(buffer, 0, bytesRead);
        return output.toByteArray();
    }

    public void close() {
        if (null != connection)
            connection.disconnect();
    }

    private int send() throws IOException {
        int httpStatusCode = HttpURLConnection.HTTP_BAD_REQUEST;

        if (!this.params.isEmpty()) {
            this.sendData();
        }
        httpStatusCode = connection.getResponseCode();

        return httpStatusCode;
    }

    private void sendData() throws IOException {
        StringBuilder result = new StringBuilder();
        for (Map.Entry<String, String> entry : params.entrySet()) {
            result.append((result.length() > 0 ? "&" : "") + entry.getKey() + "=" + entry.getValue());//appends: key=value (for first param) OR &key=value(second and more)
        }
        sendData(result.toString());
    }

    private HttpRequest sendData(String query) throws IOException {
        BufferedWriter writer = new BufferedWriter(new OutputStreamWriter(outputStream, "UTF-8"));
        writer.write(query);
        writer.close();
        return this;
    }

}

Answer:

Add these two lines under dependencies

compile 'org.apache.httpcomponents:httpcore:4.4.1'
compile 'org.apache.httpcomponents:httpclient:4.5'

then

useLibrary 'org.apache.http.legacy'

under the android

Answer:

Another way is if you have httpclient.jar file then you can do
this :

Paste your .jar file in “libs folder” in your project. Then in gradle add this line in your build.gradle(Module:app)

dependencies {
compile fileTree(include: ['*.jar'], dir: 'libs')
compile 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:23.0.0'
compile files('libs/httpcore-4.3.3.jar')
}

Answer:

Error:(30, 0) Gradle DSL method not found: ‘classpath()’
Possible causes:

  • The project ‘cid’ may be using a version of the Android Gradle plug-in that does not contain the method (e.g. ‘testCompile’ was added in 1.1.0).
    Upgrade plugin to version 2.3.3 and sync project
  • The project ‘cid’ may be using a version of Gradle that does not contain the method.
    Open Gradle wrapper file
  • The build file may be missing a Gradle plugin.
    Apply Gradle plugin
  • Answer:

    I think depending on which Android Studio version you have, it’s important you update your android studio as well, i was becoming frustrated too following everyone’s advice but no luck, until i had to upgrade my android version from 1.3 to 1.5, the errors disappeared like magic.