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How can I generate an MD5 hash?

Posted by: admin November 2, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

Is there any method to generate MD5 hash of a string in Java?

Answers:

java.security.MessageDigest is your friend. Call getInstance("MD5") to get an MD5 message digest you can use.

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The MessageDigest class can provide you with an instance of the MD5 digest.

When working with strings and the crypto classes be sure to always specify the encoding you want the byte representation in. If you just use string.getBytes() it will use the platform default. (Not all platforms use the same defaults)

import java.security.*;

..

byte[] bytesOfMessage = yourString.getBytes("UTF-8");

MessageDigest md = MessageDigest.getInstance("MD5");
byte[] thedigest = md.digest(bytesOfMessage);

If you have a lot of data take a look at the .update(byte[]) method which can be called repeatedly. Then call .digest() to obtain the resulting hash.

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You might also want to look at the DigestUtils class of the apache commons codec project, which provides very convenient methods to create MD5 or SHA digests.

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If you actually want the answer back as a string as opposed to a byte array, you could always do something like this:

String plaintext = "your text here";
MessageDigest m = MessageDigest.getInstance("MD5");
m.reset();
m.update(plaintext.getBytes());
byte[] digest = m.digest();
BigInteger bigInt = new BigInteger(1,digest);
String hashtext = bigInt.toString(16);
// Now we need to zero pad it if you actually want the full 32 chars.
while(hashtext.length() < 32 ){
  hashtext = "0"+hashtext;
}

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Found this:

public String MD5(String md5) {
   try {
        java.security.MessageDigest md = java.security.MessageDigest.getInstance("MD5");
        byte[] array = md.digest(md5.getBytes());
        StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
        for (int i = 0; i < array.length; ++i) {
          sb.append(Integer.toHexString((array[i] & 0xFF) | 0x100).substring(1,3));
       }
        return sb.toString();
    } catch (java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {
    }
    return null;
}

on the site below, I take no credit for it, but its a solution that works!
For me lots of other code didnt work properly, I ended up missing 0s in the hash.
This one seems to be the same as PHP has.
source: http://m2tec.be/blog/2010/02/03/java-md5-hex-0093

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Here is how I use it:

final MessageDigest messageDigest = MessageDigest.getInstance("MD5");
messageDigest.reset();
messageDigest.update(string.getBytes(Charset.forName("UTF8")));
final byte[] resultByte = messageDigest.digest();
final String result = new String(Hex.encodeHex(resultByte));

where Hex is: org.apache.commons.codec.binary.Hex from the Apache Commons project.

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I just downloaded commons-codec.jar and got perfect php like md5. Here is manual.

Just import it to your project and use

String Url = "your_url";

System.out.println( DigestUtils.md5Hex( Url ) );

and there you have it.

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I’ve found this to be the most clear and concise way to do it:

MessageDigest md5 = MessageDigest.getInstance("MD5");
md5.update(StandardCharsets.UTF_8.encode(string));
return String.format("%032x", new BigInteger(1, md5.digest()));

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Found this solution which is much cleaner in terms of getting a String representation back from an MD5 hash.

import java.security.*;
import java.math.*;

public class MD5 {
    public static void main(String args[]) throws Exception{
        String s="This is a test";
        MessageDigest m=MessageDigest.getInstance("MD5");
        m.update(s.getBytes(),0,s.length());
        System.out.println("MD5: "+new BigInteger(1,m.digest()).toString(16));
    }
}

The code was extracted from here.

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Another option is to use the Guava Hashing methods:

Hasher hasher = Hashing.md5().newHasher();
hasher.putString("my string");
byte[] md5 = hasher.hash().asBytes();

Handy if you are already using Guava (which if you’re not, you probably should be).

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Another implementation:

import javax.xml.bind.DatatypeConverter;

String hash = DatatypeConverter.printHexBinary( 
           MessageDigest.getInstance("MD5").digest("SOMESTRING".getBytes("UTF-8")));

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I have a Class (Hash) to convert plain text in hash in formats: md5 or sha1, simillar that php functions (md5, sha1):

public class Hash {
    /**
     * 
     * @param txt, text in plain format
     * @param hashType MD5 OR SHA1
     * @return hash in hashType 
     */
    public static String getHash(String txt, String hashType) {
        try {
                    java.security.MessageDigest md = java.security.MessageDigest.getInstance(hashType);
                    byte[] array = md.digest(txt.getBytes());
                    StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
                    for (int i = 0; i < array.length; ++i) {
                        sb.append(Integer.toHexString((array[i] & 0xFF) | 0x100).substring(1,3));
                 }
                    return sb.toString();
            } catch (java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {
                //error action
            }
            return null;
    }

    public static String md5(String txt) {
        return Hash.getHash(txt, "MD5");
    }

    public static String sha1(String txt) {
        return Hash.getHash(txt, "SHA1");
    }
}

Testing with JUnit and PHP

PHP Script:

<?php

echo 'MD5 :' . md5('Hello World') . "\n";
echo 'SHA1:' . sha1('Hello World') . "\n";

Output PHP script:

MD5 :b10a8db164e0754105b7a99be72e3fe5
SHA1:0a4d55a8d778e5022fab701977c5d840bbc486d0

Using example and Testing with JUnit:

    public class HashTest {

    @Test
    public void test() {
        String txt = "Hello World";
        assertEquals("b10a8db164e0754105b7a99be72e3fe5", Hash.md5(txt));
        assertEquals("0a4d55a8d778e5022fab701977c5d840bbc486d0", Hash.sha1(txt));
    }

}

Code in GitHub

https://github.com/fitorec/java-hashes

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My not very revealing answer:

private String md5(String s) {
    try {
        MessageDigest m = MessageDigest.getInstance("MD5");
        m.update(s.getBytes(), 0, s.length());
        BigInteger i = new BigInteger(1,m.digest());
        return String.format("%1$032x", i);         
    } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
    return null;
}

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Bombe’s answer is correct, however note that unless you absolutely must use MD5 (e.g. forced on you for interoperability), a better choice is SHA1 as MD5 has weaknesses for long term use.

I should add that SHA1 also has theoretical vulnerabilities, but not as severe. The current state of the art in hashing is that there are a number of candidate replacement hash functions but none have yet emerged as the standard best practice to replace SHA1. So, depending on your needs you would be well advised to make your hash algorithm configurable so it can be replaced in future.

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No need to make it too complicated. DigestUtils works fine and make you comfortable while working with md5 hashes.

DigestUtils.md5Hex(_hash);

or

DigestUtils.md5(_hash);

Either you can use any other encryption methods such as sha or md.

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There is a DigestUtils class in Spring also:

http://static.springsource.org/spring/docs/3.0.x/javadoc-api/org/springframework/util/DigestUtils.html

This class contains the method md5DigestAsHex() that does the job.

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You can try following. See details and download codes here: http://www.luyue.org/java-hashgenerator-md5-sha-1/

import java.security.MessageDigest;
import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;

public class MD5Example {

public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {

    final String inputString = "Hello MD5";

    System.out.println("MD5 hex for '" + inputString + "' :");
    System.out.println(getMD5Hex(inputString));
}

public static String getMD5Hex(final String inputString) throws NoSuchAlgorithmException {

    MessageDigest md = MessageDigest.getInstance("MD5");
    md.update(inputString.getBytes());

    byte[] digest = md.digest();

    return convertByteToHex(digest);
}

private static String convertByteToHex(byte[] byteData) {

    StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
    for (int i = 0; i < byteData.length; i++) {
        sb.append(Integer.toString((byteData[i] & 0xff) + 0x100, 16).substring(1));
    }

    return sb.toString();
}
}

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Another implementation: Fast MD5 Implementation in Java

String hash = MD5.asHex(MD5.getHash(new File(filename)));

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I do not know if this is relevant for anyone reading this, but I just had the problem that I wanted to

  • download a file from a given URL and
  • compare its MD5 to a known value.

I wanted to do it with JRE classes only (no Apache Commons or similar). A quick web search did not show me sample code snippets doing both at the same time, only each task separately. Because this requires to read the same file twice, I figured it might be worth the while to write some code which unifies both tasks, calculating the checksum on the fly while downloading the file. This is my result (sorry if it is not perfect Java, but I guess you get the idea anyway):

import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.math.BigInteger;
import java.net.URL;
import java.nio.ByteBuffer;
import java.nio.channels.Channels;
import java.nio.channels.ReadableByteChannel;
import java.nio.channels.WritableByteChannel;
import java.security.DigestOutputStream;        // new
import java.security.MessageDigest;
import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;

void downloadFile(String fromURL, String toFile, BigInteger md5)
    throws IOException, NoSuchAlgorithmException
{
    ReadableByteChannel in = Channels.newChannel(new URL(fromURL).openStream());
    MessageDigest md5Digest = MessageDigest.getInstance("MD5");
    WritableByteChannel out = Channels.newChannel(
        //new FileOutputStream(toFile));  // old
        new DigestOutputStream(new FileOutputStream(toFile), md5Digest));  // new
    ByteBuffer buffer = ByteBuffer.allocate(1024 * 1024);  // 1 MB

    while (in.read(buffer) != -1) {
        buffer.flip();
        //md5Digest.update(buffer.asReadOnlyBuffer());  // old
        out.write(buffer);
        buffer.clear();
    }

    BigInteger md5Actual = new BigInteger(1, md5Digest.digest()); 
    if (! md5Actual.equals(md5))
        throw new RuntimeException(
            "MD5 mismatch for file " + toFile +
            ": expected " + md5.toString(16) +
            ", got " + md5Actual.toString(16)
        );
}

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MD5 is perfectly fine if you don’t need the best security, and if you’re doing something like checking file integrity then security is not a consideration. In such as case you might want to consider something simpler and faster, such as Adler32, which is also supported by the Java libraries.

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For what it’s worth, I stumbled upon this because I want to synthesize GUIDs from a natural key for a program that will install COM components; I want to syhthesize so as not to manage GUID lifecycle. I’ll use MD5 and then use the UUID class to get a string out of it. (http://stackoverflow.com/questions/2190890/how-can-i-generate-guid-for-a-string-values/12867439 raises this issue).

In any case, java.util.UUID can get you a nice String from the MD5 bytes.

return UUID.nameUUIDFromBytes(md5Bytes).toString();

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Take a look at the following link, the Example gets an MD5 Hash of a supplied image:
MD5 Hash of an Image

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this one gives the exact md5 as you get from mysql’s md5 function or php’s md5 functions etc. This is the one I use (you can change according to your needs)

public static String md5( String input ) {
    try {
        java.security.MessageDigest md = java.security.MessageDigest.getInstance("MD5");
        byte[] array = md.digest(input.getBytes( "UTF-8" ));
        StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
        for (int i = 0; i < array.length; i++) {
            sb.append( String.format( "%02x", array[i]));
        }
        return sb.toString();
    } catch ( NoSuchAlgorithmException | UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
        return null;            
    }

}

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Unlike PHP where you can do an md5 encryption of your text by just calling md5 function ie md5($text), in java it was made little bit complicated. I usually implemented it by calling an function which return the md5 hash text.
Here is how I implemented it , First create a function named md5encryption inside your main class as given below .

public static String md5encryption(String text)
    {   String hashtext = null;
        try 
        {
            String plaintext = text;
            MessageDigest m = MessageDigest.getInstance("MD5");
            m.reset();
            m.update(plaintext.getBytes());
            byte[] digest = m.digest();
            BigInteger bigInt = new BigInteger(1,digest);
            hashtext = bigInt.toString(16);
            // Now we need to zero pad it if you actually want the full 32 chars.
            while(hashtext.length() < 32 ){
              hashtext = "0"+hashtext;   
            }
        } catch (Exception e1) 
        {
            // TODO: handle exception
            JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null,e1.getClass().getName() + ": " + e1.getMessage());   
        }
        return hashtext;     
    }

Now call the function when ever you needed as given below.

String text = textFieldName.getText();
String pass = md5encryption(text);

Here you can see that hashtext is appended with a zero to make it match with md5 encryption in PHP.

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import java.security.MessageDigest

val digest = MessageDigest.getInstance("MD5")

//Quick MD5 of text
val text = "MD5 this text!"
val md5hash1 = digest.digest(text.getBytes).map("%02x".format(_)).mkString

//MD5 of text with updates
digest.update("MD5 ".getBytes())
digest.update("this ".getBytes())
digest.update("text!".getBytes())
val md5hash2 = digest.digest().map(0xFF & _).map("%02x".format(_)).mkString

//Output
println(md5hash1 + " should be the same as " + md5hash2)

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try this:

public static String getHashMD5(String string) {
    try {
        MessageDigest md = MessageDigest.getInstance("MD5");
        BigInteger bi = new BigInteger(1, md.digest(string.getBytes()));
        return bi.toString(16);
    } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException ex) {
        Logger.getLogger(MD5Utils.class
                .getName()).log(Level.SEVERE, null, ex);

        return "";
    }
}

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This is what I came here for- a handy scala function that returns string of MD5 hash:

def md5(text: String) : String = java.security.MessageDigest.getInstance("MD5").digest(text.getBytes()).map(0xFF & _).map { "%02x".format(_) }.foldLeft(""){_ + _}

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 import java.math.BigInteger;
 import java.security.MessageDigest;
 import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;

/**
* MD5 encryption
*
* @author Hongten
*
*/
public class MD5 {

 public static void main(String[] args) {
     System.out.println(MD5.getMD5("123456"));
 }

 /**
  * Use md5 encoded code value
  *
  * @param sInput
  * clearly
  * @ return md5 encrypted password
  */
 public static String getMD5(String sInput) {

     String algorithm = "";
     if (sInput == null) {
         return "null";
     }
     try {
         algorithm = System.getProperty("MD5.algorithm", "MD5");
     } catch (SecurityException se) {
     }
     MessageDigest md = null;
     try {
         md = MessageDigest.getInstance(algorithm);
     } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {
         e.printStackTrace();
     }
     byte buffer[] = sInput.getBytes();

     for (int count = 0; count < sInput.length(); count++) {
         md.update(buffer, 0, count);
     }
     byte bDigest[] = md.digest();
     BigInteger bi = new BigInteger(bDigest);
     return (bi.toString(16));
 }
}

There is an article on Codingkit about that. Check out: http://codingkit.com/a/JAVA/2013/1020/2216.html

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private String hashuj(String dane) throws ServletException{
    try {
        MessageDigest m = MessageDigest.getInstance("MD5");
        byte[] bufor = dane.getBytes();
        m.update(bufor,0,bufor.length);
        BigInteger hash = new BigInteger(1,m.dige`enter code here`st());
        return String.format("%1$032X", hash);

    } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException nsae) {
        throw new ServletException("Algorytm szyfrowania nie jest obsługiwany!");
    }
}

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I did this… Seems to work ok – I’m sure somebody will point out mistakes though…

public final class MD5 {
public enum SaltOption {
    BEFORE, AFTER, BOTH, NONE;
}
private static final String ALG = "MD5";
//For conversion to 2-char hex
private static final char[] digits = {
    '0' , '1' , '2' , '3' , '4' , '5' ,
    '6' , '7' , '8' , '9' , 'a' , 'b' ,
    'c' , 'd' , 'e' , 'f' , 'g' , 'h' ,
    'i' , 'j' , 'k' , 'l' , 'm' , 'n' ,
    'o' , 'p' , 'q' , 'r' , 's' , 't' ,
    'u' , 'v' , 'w' , 'x' , 'y' , 'z'
};

private SaltOption opt;

/**
 * Added the SaltOption constructor since everybody
 * has their own standards when it comes to salting
 * hashes.
 * 
 * This gives the developer the option...
 * 
 * @param option The salt option to use, BEFORE, AFTER, BOTH or NONE.
 */
public MD5(final SaltOption option) {
    //TODO: Add Char Encoding options too... I was too lazy!
    this.opt = option;
}

/**
 * 
 * Returns the salted MD5 checksum of the text passed in as an argument.
 * 
 * If the salt is an empty byte array - no salt is applied.
 * 
 * @param txt The text to run through the MD5 algorithm.
 * @param salt The salt value in bytes.
 * @return The salted MD5 checksum as a <code>byte[]</code>
 * @throws NoSuchAlgorithmException
 */
private byte[] createChecksum(final String txt, final byte[] salt) throws NoSuchAlgorithmException {
    final MessageDigest complete = MessageDigest.getInstance(ALG);
    if(opt.equals(SaltOption.BEFORE) || opt.equals(SaltOption.BOTH)) {
        complete.update(salt);
    }
    complete.update(txt.getBytes());
    if(opt.equals(SaltOption.AFTER) || opt.equals(SaltOption.BOTH)) {
        complete.update(salt);
    }
    return complete.digest();
}

/**
 * 
 * Returns the salted MD5 checksum of the file passed in as an argument.
 * 
 * If the salt is an empty byte array - no salt is applied.
 * 
 * @param fle The file to run through the MD5 algorithm.
 * @param salt The salt value in bytes.
 * @return The salted MD5 checksum as a <code>byte[]</code>
 * @throws IOException
 * @throws NoSuchAlgorithmException
 */
private byte[] createChecksum(final File fle, final byte[] salt)
        throws IOException, NoSuchAlgorithmException {
    final byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];
    final MessageDigest complete = MessageDigest.getInstance(ALG);
            if(opt.equals(SaltOption.BEFORE) || opt.equals(SaltOption.BOTH)) {
            complete.update(salt);
        }
    int numRead;
    InputStream fis = null;
    try {
        fis = new FileInputStream(fle);
        do {
            numRead = fis.read(buffer);
            if (numRead > 0) {
                complete.update(buffer, 0, numRead);
            }
        } while (numRead != -1);
    } finally {
    if (fis != null) {
            fis.close();
        }
    }
            if(opt.equals(SaltOption.AFTER) || opt.equals(SaltOption.BOTH)) {
            complete.update(salt);
        }
    return complete.digest();
}

/**
 * 
 * Efficiently converts a byte array to its 2 char per byte hex equivalent.
 * 
 * This was adapted from JDK code in the Integer class, I just didn't like
 * having to use substrings once I got the result...
 *
 * @param b The byte array to convert
 * @return The converted String, 2 chars per byte...
 */
private String convertToHex(final byte[] b) {
    int x;
    int charPos;
    int radix;
    int mask;
    final char[] buf = new char[32];
    final char[] tmp = new char[3];
    final StringBuilder md5 = new StringBuilder();
    for (int i = 0; i < b.length; i++) {
        x = (b[i] & 0xFF) | 0x100;
        charPos = 32;
        radix = 1 << 4;
        mask = radix - 1;
        do {
            buf[--charPos] = digits[x & mask];
            x >>>= 4;
        } while (x != 0);
        System.arraycopy(buf, charPos, tmp, 0, (32 - charPos));
        md5.append(Arrays.copyOfRange(tmp, 1, 3));
    }
    return md5.toString();
}

/**
 * 
 * Returns the salted MD5 checksum of the file passed in as an argument.
 * 
 * @param fle The file you want want to run through the MD5 algorithm.
 * @param salt The salt value in bytes
 * @return The salted MD5 checksum as a 2 char per byte HEX <code>String</code>
 * @throws NoSuchAlgorithmException
 * @throws IOException
 */
public String getMD5Checksum(final File fle, final byte[] salt)
        throws NoSuchAlgorithmException, IOException {
    return convertToHex(createChecksum(fle, salt));
}

/**
 * 
 * Returns the MD5 checksum of the file passed in as an argument.
 * 
 * @param fle The file you want want to run through the MD5 algorithm.
 * @return The MD5 checksum as a 2 char per byte HEX <code>String</code>
 * @throws NoSuchAlgorithmException
 * @throws IOException
 */
public String getMD5Checksum(final File fle)
        throws NoSuchAlgorithmException, IOException {
    return convertToHex(createChecksum(fle, new byte[0]));
}

/**
 * 
 * Returns the salted MD5 checksum of the text passed in as an argument.
 * 
 * @param txt The text you want want to run through the MD5 algorithm.
 * @param salt The salt value in bytes.
 * @return The salted MD5 checksum as a 2 char per byte HEX <code>String</code>
 * @throws NoSuchAlgorithmException
 * @throws IOException
 */
public String getMD5Checksum(final String txt, final byte[] salt)
        throws NoSuchAlgorithmException {
    return convertToHex(createChecksum(txt, salt));
}

/**
 * 
 * Returns the MD5 checksum of the text passed in as an argument.
 * 
 * @param txt The text you want want to run through the MD5 algorithm.
 * @return The MD5 checksum as a 2 char per byte HEX <code>String</code>
 * @throws NoSuchAlgorithmException
 * @throws IOException
 */
public String getMD5Checksum(final String txt)
        throws NoSuchAlgorithmException {

    return convertToHex(createChecksum(txt, new byte[0]));
}
}