Home » Java » How can I get the current stack trace in Java?-Exceptionshub

How can I get the current stack trace in Java?-Exceptionshub

Posted by: admin February 25, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

How do I get the current stack trace in Java, like how in .NET you can do Environment.StackTrace?

I found Thread.dumpStack() but it is not what I want – I want to get the stack trace back, not print it out.

How to&Answers:

You can use Thread.currentThread().getStackTrace().

That returns an array of StackTraceElements that represent the current stack trace of a program.

Answer:

Thread.currentThread().getStackTrace();

is fine if you don’t care what the first element of the stack is.

new Throwable().getStackTrace();

will have a defined position for your current method, if that matters.

Answer:

for (StackTraceElement ste : Thread.currentThread().getStackTrace()) {
    System.out.println(ste);
}

Answer:

Thread.currentThread().getStackTrace();

is available since JDK1.5.

For an older version, you can redirect exception.printStackTrace() to a StringWriter() :

StringWriter sw = new StringWriter();
new Throwable("").printStackTrace(new PrintWriter(sw));
String stackTrace = sw.toString();

Answer:

You can use Apache’s commons for that:

String fullStackTrace = org.apache.commons.lang3.exception.ExceptionUtils.getStackTrace(e);

Answer:

On android a far easier way is to use this:

import android.util.Log;
String stackTrace = Log.getStackTraceString(exception); 

Answer:

Another solution (only 35 31 characters):

new Exception().printStackTrace();   
new Error().printStackTrace();

Answer:

To get the stack trace of all threads you can either use the jstack utility, JConsole or send a kill -quit signal (on a Posix operating system).

However, if you want to do this programmatically you could try using ThreadMXBean:

ThreadMXBean bean = ManagementFactory.getThreadMXBean();
ThreadInfo[] infos = bean.dumpAllThreads(true, true);

for (ThreadInfo info : infos) {
  StackTraceElement[] elems = info.getStackTrace();
  // Print out elements, etc.
}

As mentioned, if you only want the stack trace of the current thread it’s a lot easier – Just use Thread.currentThread().getStackTrace();

Answer:

Silly me, it’s Thread.currentThread().getStackTrace();

Answer:

Tony, as a comment to the accepted answer, has given what seems to be the best answer which actually answers the OP’s question:

Arrays.toString(Thread.currentThread().getStackTrace());

… the OP did NOT ask how to get a String from the stack trace from an Exception. And although I’m a huge fan of Apache Commons, when there is something as simple as the above there is no logical reason to use an outside library.

Answer:

I suggest that

  Thread.dumpStack()

is an easier way and has the advantage of not actually constructing an exception or throwable when there may not be a problem at all, and is considerably more to the point.

Answer:

In Java 9 there is a new way:

public static void showTrace() {

  List<StackFrame> frames =
    StackWalker.getInstance( Option.RETAIN_CLASS_REFERENCE )
               .walk( stream  -> stream.collect( Collectors.toList() ) );

  for ( StackFrame stackFrame : frames )
    System.out.println( stackFrame );
}

Answer:

I have a utility method that returns a string with the stacktrace:

static String getStackTrace(Throwable t) {
    StringWriter sw = new StringWriter();
    PrintWriter pw = new PrintWriter(sw, true);
    t.printStackTrace(pw);
    pw.flush();
    sw.flush();
    return sw.toString();
}

And just logit like…

... 
catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
    logger.config(getStackTrace(e));
}

Answer:

To string with guava:

Throwables.getStackTraceAsString(new Throwable())

Answer:

Getting stacktrace:

StackTraceElement[] ste = Thread.currentThread().getStackTrace();

Printing stacktrace (JAVA 8+):

Arrays.asList(ste).forEach(System.out::println);

Printing stacktrage (JAVA 7):

StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();

for (StackTraceElement st : ste) {
    sb.append(st.toString() + System.lineSeparator());
}
System.out.println(sb);

Answer:

try {
}
catch(Exception e) {
    StackTraceElement[] traceElements = e.getStackTrace();
    //...
}

or

Thread.currentThread().getStackTrace()

Answer:

Maybe you could try this:

catch(Exception e)
{
    StringWriter writer = new StringWriter();
    PrintWriter pw = new PrintWriter(writer);
    e.printStackTrace(pw);
    String errorDetail = writer.toString();
}

The string ‘errorDetail’ contains the stacktrace.

Answer:

StackTraceElement[] stackTraceElements = Thread.currentThread().getStackTrace();

The last element of the array represents the bottom of the stack, which is the least recent method invocation in the sequence.

A StackTraceElement has getClassName(), getFileName(), getLineNumber() and getMethodName().

loop through StackTraceElement and get your desired result.

for (StackTraceElement ste : stackTraceElements ) 
{
    //do your stuff here...
}

Answer:

I used answers from above and added formatting

public final class DebugUtil {

    private static final String SEPARATOR = "\n";

    private DebugUtil() {
    }

    public static String formatStackTrace(StackTraceElement[] stackTrace) {
        StringBuilder buffer = new StringBuilder();
        for (StackTraceElement element : stackTrace) {
            buffer.append(element).append(SEPARATOR);
        }
        return buffer.toString();
    }

    public static String formatCurrentStacktrace() {
        StackTraceElement[] stackTrace = Thread.currentThread().getStackTrace();
        return formatStackTrace(stackTrace);
    }
}

Answer:

You can use jstack utility if you want to check the current call stack of your process.

Usage:
    jstack [-l] <pid>
        (to connect to running process)
    jstack -F [-m] [-l] <pid>
        (to connect to a hung process)
    jstack [-m] [-l] <executable> <core>
        (to connect to a core file)
    jstack [-m] [-l] [[email protected]]<remote server IP or hostname>
        (to connect to a remote debug server)

Options:
    -F  to force a thread dump. Use when jstack <pid> does not respond (process is hung)
    -m  to print both java and native frames (mixed mode)
    -l  long listing. Prints additional information about locks
    -h or -help to print this help message

Answer:

This is an old post, but here is my solution :

Thread.currentThread().dumpStack();

More info and more methods there :
http://javarevisited.blogspot.fr/2013/04/how-to-get-current-stack-trace-in-java-thread.html

Answer:

System.out.println(Arrays.toString(Thread.currentThread().getStackTrace()));

This will help you to print stack trace without loop.