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How can I retrieve local files with NSURL?

Posted by: admin November 30, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

I’m here with a question that probably has a really simple answer that I am overlooking… how can I retrieve local files with NSURL? I have this here:

override func viewDidLoad() {
    super.viewDidLoad()
    var urlpath = NSBundle.mainBundle().pathForResource("bpreg", ofType: "xml")
    let url:NSURL = NSURL(string: urlpath!)!
    parser = NSXMLParser(contentsOfURL: url)!
    parser.delegate = self
    parser.parse()
}

But after it successfully builds it hangs on var urlpath. I’ve searched around and tried a few suggestions here and other places to no avail. Please help? 🙁

Answers:

You are trying to load a file from your file system, not from web.

For creating the NSURL you need to use fileURLWithPath: class method.

Change your method like:

Swift 2

override func viewDidLoad()
{
    super.viewDidLoad()
    var urlpath     = NSBundle.mainBundle().pathForResource("bpreg", ofType: "xml")
    let url:NSURL   = NSURL.fileURLWithPath(urlpath!)!
    parser          = NSXMLParser(contentsOfURL: url)!
    parser.delegate = self
    parser.parse()
}

Swift 3

override func viewDidLoad()
{
    super.viewDidLoad()
    let urlpath     = Bundle.main.path(forResource: "bpreg", ofType: "xml")
    let url         = NSURL.fileURL(withPath: urlpath!)
    parser          = XMLParser(contentsOf: url)!
    parser.delegate = self
    parser.parse()
}

Note: In Swift 3 you can also use the URL class to construct the url instead of NSURL class. So the above code for constructing url changes to:

let url = URL(fileURLWithPath: urlpath!)

Questions:
Answers:

You should use URLForResource(_:withExtension:) instead of pathForResource:

let fileUrl = Bundle.main.url(forResource: "bpreg", withExtension: "xml")

Questions:
Answers:

Your file doesn’t exist in your main-bundle yet.

You have to add the file your are using to your Bundle Resource.

So to add it. Go to App Target -> Build Phases and check the Bundle Resource and add it by drag n’ drop.