Home » Python » How do I check whether an int is between the two numbers?

How do I check whether an int is between the two numbers?

Questions:

I’m using 2.3 IDLE and I’m having problems.

I need to check whether a number is between two other numbers, 10000 and 30000:

if number >= 10000 and number >= 30000:
print ("you have to pay 5% taxes")

It’s not working too well.

if 10000 <= number <= 30000:
pass

Questions:
r=range(1,4)

>>> 1 in r
True
>>> 2 in r
True
>>> 3 in r
True
>>> 4 in r
False
>>> 5 in r
False
>>> 0 in r
False

Questions:

Your operator is incorrect. Should be if number >= 10000 and number <= 30000:. Additionally, Python has a shorthand for this sort of thing, if 10000 <= number <= 30000:.

Questions:

if number >= 10000 and number >= 30000:
print ("you have to pay 5% taxes")

actually checks if number is larger than both 10000 and 30000.

Assuming you want to check that the number is in the range 10000 – 30000, you could use the Python interval comparison:

if 10000 <= number <= 30000:
print ("you have to pay 5% taxes")

This Python feature is further described in the Python documentation.

Questions:
if number >= 10000 and number <= 30000:
print ("you have to pay 5% taxes")

Questions:

The trouble with comparisons is that they can be difficult to debug when you put a >= where there should be a <=

#                             v---------- should be <
if number >= 10000 and number >= 30000:
print ("you have to pay 5% taxes")

Python lets you just write what you mean in words

if number in xrange(10000, 30001): # ok you have to remember 30000 + 1 here :)

In Python3, you need to use range instead of xrange.

edit: People seem to be more concerned with microbench marks and how cool chaining operations. My answer is about defensive (less attack surface for bugs) programming.

As a result of a claim in the comments, I’ve added the micro benchmark here for Python3.5.2

\$ python3.5 -m timeit "5 in range(10000, 30000)"
1000000 loops, best of 3: 0.266 usec per loop
\$ python3.5 -m timeit "10000 <= 5 < 30000"
10000000 loops, best of 3: 0.0327 usec per loop

If you are worried about performance, you could compute the range once

\$ python3.5 -m timeit -s "R=range(10000, 30000)" "5 in R"
10000000 loops, best of 3: 0.0551 usec per loop