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How do I conditionally apply CSS styles in AngularJS?

Posted by: admin November 2, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

Q1. Suppose I want to alter the look of each “item” that a user marks for deletion before the main “delete” button is pressed. (This immediate visual feedback should eliminate the need for the proverbial “are you sure?” dialog box.) The user will check checkboxes to indicate which items should be deleted. If a checkbox is unchecked, that item should revert back to its normal look.

What’s the best way to apply or remove the CSS styling?

Q2. Suppose I want to allow each user to personalize how my site is presented. E.g., select from a fixed set of font sizes, allow user-definable foreground and background colors, etc.

What’s the best way to apply the CSS styling the user selects/inputs?

Answers:

Angular provides a number of built-in directives for manipulating CSS styling conditionally/dynamically:

  • ng-class – use when the set of CSS styles is static/known ahead of time
  • ng-style – use when you can’t define a CSS class because the style values may change dynamically. Think programmable control of the style values.
  • ng-show and ng-hide – use if you only need to show or hide something (modifies CSS)
  • ng-if – new in version 1.1.5, use instead of the more verbose ng-switch if you only need to check for a single condition (modifies DOM)
  • ng-switch – use instead of using several mutually exclusive ng-shows (modifies DOM)
  • ng-disabled and ng-readonly – use to restrict form element behavior
  • ng-animate – new in version 1.1.4, use to add CSS3 transitions/animations

The normal “Angular way” involves tying a model/scope property to a UI element that will accept user input/manipulation (i.e., use ng-model), and then associating that model property to one of the built-in directives mentioned above.

When the user changes the UI, Angular will automatically update the associated elements on the page.


Q1 sounds like a good case for ng-class — the CSS styling can be captured in a class.

ng-class accepts an “expression” that must evaluate to one of the following:

  1. a string of space-delimited class names
  2. an array of class names
  3. a map/object of class names to boolean values

Assuming your items are displayed using ng-repeat over some array model, and that when the checkbox for an item is checked you want to apply the pending-delete class:

<div ng-repeat="item in items" ng-class="{'pending-delete': item.checked}">
   ... HTML to display the item ...
   <input type="checkbox" ng-model="item.checked">
</div>

Above, we used ng-class expression type #3 – a map/object of class names to boolean values.


Q2 sounds like a good case for ng-style — the CSS styling is dynamic, so we can’t define a class for this.

ng-style accepts an “expression” that must evaluate to:

  1. an map/object of CSS style names to CSS values

For a contrived example, suppose the user can type in a color name into a texbox for the background color (a jQuery color picker would be much nicer):

<div class="main-body" ng-style="{color: myColor}">
   ...
   <input type="text" ng-model="myColor" placeholder="enter a color name">

Fiddle for both of the above.

The fiddle also contains an example of ng-show and ng-hide. If a checkbox is checked, in addition to the background-color turning pink, some text is shown. If ‘red’ is entered in the textbox, a div becomes hidden.

Questions:
Answers:

I have found problems when applying classes inside table elements when I had one class already applied to the whole table (for example, a color applied to the odd rows <myClass tbody tr:nth-child(even) td>). It seems that when you inspect the element with Developer Tools, the element.style has no style assigned. So instead of using ng-class, I have tried using ng-style, and in this case, the new CSS attribute does appear inside element.style. This code works great for me:

<tr ng-repeat="element in collection">

    [...amazing code...]

    <td ng-style="myvar === 0 && {'background-color': 'red'} ||
                  myvar === 1 && {'background-color': 'green'} ||
                  myvar === 2 && {'background-color': 'yellow'}">{{ myvar }}</td>

    [...more amazing code...]

</tr>

Myvar is what I am evaluating, and in each case I apply a style to each <td> depending on myvar value, that overwrites the current style applied by the CSS class for the whole table.

UPDATE

If you want to apply a class to the table for example, when visiting a page or in other cases, you can use this structure:

<li ng-class="{ active: isActive('/route_a') || isActive('/route_b')}">

Basically, what we need to activate a ng-class is the class to apply and a true or false statement. True applies the class and false doesn’t. So here we have two checks of the route of the page and an OR between them, so if we are in /route_a OR we are in route_b, the active class will be applied.

This works just having a logic function on the right that returns true or false.

So in the first example, ng-style is conditioned by three statements. If all of them are false, no style is applied, but following our logic, at least one is going to be applied, so, the logic expression will check which variable comparison is true and because a non empty array is always true, that will left an array as return and with only one true, considering we are using OR for the whole response, the style remaining will be applied.

By the way, I forgot to give you the function isActive():

$rootScope.isActive = function(viewLocation) {
    return viewLocation === $location.path();
};

NEW UPDATE

Here you have something I find really useful. When you need to apply a class depending on the value of a variable, for example, an icon depending on the contents of the div, you can use the following code (very useful in ng-repeat):

<i class="fa" ng-class="{ 'fa-github'   : type === 0,
                          'fa-linkedin' : type === 1,
                          'fa-skype'    : type === 2,
                          'fa-google'   : type === 3 }"></i>

Icons from Font Awesome

Questions:
Answers:

This works well when ng-class can’t be used (for example when styling SVG):

ng-attr-class="{{someBoolean && 'class-when-true' || 'class-when-false' }}"

(I think you need to be on latest unstable Angular to use ng-attr-, I’m currently on 1.1.4)

I have published an article on working with AngularJS+SVG. It talks about this issue and numerous others. http://www.codeproject.com/Articles/709340/Implementing-a-Flowchart-with-SVG-and-AngularJS

Questions:
Answers:
span class="circle circle-{{selectcss(document.Extension)}}">

and code

$scope.selectcss = function (data) {
    if (data == '.pdf')
        return 'circle circle-pdf';
    else
        return 'circle circle-small';
};

css

.circle-pdf {
    width: 24px;
    height: 24px;
    font-size: 16px;
    font-weight: 700;
    padding-top: 3px;
    -webkit-border-radius: 12px;
    -moz-border-radius: 12px;
    border-radius: 12px;
    background-image: url(images/pdf_icon32.png);
}

Questions:
Answers:

This solution did the trick for me

<a ng-style="{true: {paddingLeft: '25px'}, false: {}}[deleteTriggered]">...</a>

Questions:
Answers:

See the following example

<!DOCTYPE html>
    <html ng-app>
    <head>
    <title>Demo Changing CSS Classes Conditionally with Angular</title>
    <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angularjs/1.0.7/angular.min.js"></script>
    <script src="res/js/controllers.js"></script>

    <style>

    .checkboxList {
        border:1px solid #000;
        background-color:#fff;
        color:#000;
        width:300px;
        height: 100px;
        overflow-y: scroll;
    }

    .uncheckedClass {
       background-color:#eeeeee;
       color:black;
    }
    .checkedClass {
        background-color:#3ab44a;
        color:white;
    }
    </style>

    </head>
    <body ng-controller="TeamListCtrl">
    <b>Teams</b>
    <div id="teamCheckboxList" class="checkboxList">

    <div class="uncheckedClass" ng-repeat="team in teams" ng-class="{'checkedClass': team.isChecked, 'uncheckedClass': !team.isChecked}">

    <label>
    <input type="checkbox" ng-model="team.isChecked" />
    <span>{{team.name}}</span>
    </label>
    </div>
    </div>
    </body>
    </html>

Questions:
Answers:

Another option when you need a simple css style of one or two properties:

View:

<tr ng-repeat="element in collection">
    [...amazing code...] 
    <td ng-style="{'background-color': getTrColor(element.myvar)}">
        {{ element.myvar }}
    </td>
    [...more amazing code...]
</tr>

Controller:

$scope.getTrColor = function (colorIndex) {
    switch(colorIndex){
        case 0: return 'red';
        case 1: return 'green';
        default: return 'yellow';
    }
};

Questions:
Answers:

You can use ternary expression.

<div ng-style="myVariable > 100 ? {'color': 'red'} : {'color': 'blue'}"></div>

Questions:
Answers:

As of AngularJS v1.2.0rc, ng-class and even ng-attr-class fail with SVG elements (They did work earlier, even with normal binding inside the class attribute)

Specifically, none of these work now:

ng-class="current==this_element?'active':' ' "
ng-attr-class="{{current==this_element?'active':' '}}"
class="class1 class2 .... {{current==this_element?'active':''}}"

As a workaround, I’ve to use

ng-attr-otherAttr="{{current==this_element?'active':''}}"

and then style using

[otherAttr='active'] {
   ... styles ...
}

Questions:
Answers:

One more (in the future) way to conditionally apply style is by conditionally creating scoped style

<style scoped type="text/css" ng-if="...">

</style>

But nowadays only FireFox supports scoped styles.

Questions:
Answers:

well i would suggest you to check condition in your controller with a function returning true or false .

<div class="week-wrap" ng-class="{today: getTodayForHighLight(todayDate, day.date)}">{{day.date}}</div>

and in your controller check the condition

  $scope.getTodayForHighLight = function(today, date){
    return (today == date);
    }

Questions:
Answers:

There is one more option that I recently discovered that some people may find useful because it allows you to change a CSS rule within a style element – thus avoiding the need for repeated use of an angular directive such as ng-style, ng-class, ng-show, ng-hide, ng-animate, and others.

This option makes use of a service with service variables which are set by a controller and watched by an attribute-directive I call “custom-style”. This strategy could be used in many different ways, and I attempted to provide some general guidance with this fiddle.

var app = angular.module('myApp', ['ui.bootstrap']);
app.service('MainService', function(){
    var vm = this;
});
app.controller('MainCtrl', function(MainService){
    var vm = this;
    vm.ms = MainService;
});
app.directive('customStyle', function(MainService){
    return {
        restrict : 'A',
        link : function(scope, element, attr){
            var style = angular.element('<style></style>');
            element.append(style);
            scope.$watch(function(){ return MainService.theme; },
                function(){
                    var css = '';
                    angular.forEach(MainService.theme, function(selector, key){
                        angular.forEach(MainService.theme[key], function(val, k){
                            css += key + ' { '+k+' : '+val+'} ';
                        });                        
                    });
                    style.html(css);
                }, true);
        }
    };
});

Questions:
Answers:

One thing to watch is – if the CSS style has dashes – you must remove them. So if you want to set background-color, the correct way is:

ng-style="{backgroundColor:myColor}"