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How do I get a platform-dependent new line character?

Posted by: admin November 2, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

How do I get a platform-dependent newline in Java? I can’t use "\n" everywhere.

Answers:

In addition to the line.separator property, if you are using java 1.5 or later and the String.format (or other formatting methods) you can use %n as in

Calendar c = ...;
String s = String.format("Duke's Birthday: %1$tm %1$te,%1$tY%n", c); 
//Note `%n` at end of line                                  ^^

String s2 = String.format("Use %%n as a platform independent newline.%n"); 
//         %% becomes %        ^^
//                                        and `%n` becomes newline   ^^

See the Java 1.8 API for Formatter for more details.

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You can use

System.getProperty("line.separator");

to get the line separator

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Java 7 now has a System.lineSeparator() method.

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If you’re trying to write a newline to a file, you could simply use BufferedWriter’s newLine() method.

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This is also possible: String.format("%n").

Or String.format("%n").intern() to save some bytes.

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The commons-lang library has a constant field available called SystemUtils.LINE_SEPARATOR

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Use the method newLine() of class BufferedWriter which provides platform independent way to write the new line in file

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StringBuilder newLine=new StringBuilder();
newLine.append("abc");
newline.append(System.getProperty("line.separator"));
newline.append("def");
String output=newline.toString();

The above snippet will have two strings separated by a new line irrespective of platforms.

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Avoid appending strings using String + String etc, use StringBuilder instead.

String separator = System.getProperty( "line.separator" );
StringBuilder lines = new StringBuilder( line1 );
lines.append( separator );
lines.append( line2 );
lines.append( separator );
String result = lines.toString( );