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How do I remove repeated elements from ArrayList?

Posted by: admin November 2, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

I have an ArrayList of Strings, and I want to remove repeated strings from it. How can I do this?

Answers:

If you don’t want duplicates in a Collection, you should consider why you’re using a Collection that allows duplicates. The easiest way to remove repeated elements is to add the contents to a Set (which will not allow duplicates) and then add the Set back to the ArrayList:

List<String> al = new ArrayList<>();
// add elements to al, including duplicates
Set<String> hs = new HashSet<>();
hs.addAll(al);
al.clear();
al.addAll(hs);

Of course, this destroys the ordering of the elements in the ArrayList.

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Although converting the ArrayList to a HashSet effectively removes duplicates, if you need to preserve insertion order, I’d rather suggest you to use this variant

// list is some List of Strings
Set<String> s = new LinkedHashSet<>(list);

Then, if you need to get back a List reference, you can use again the conversion constructor.

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In Java 8:

List<String> deduped = list.stream().distinct().collect(Collectors.toList());

Please note that the hashCode-equals contract for list members should be respected for the filtering to work properly.

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If you don’t want duplicates, use a Set instead of a List. To convert a List to a Set you can use the following code:

// list is some List of Strings
Set<String> s = new HashSet<String>(list);

If really necessary you can use the same construction to convert a Set back into a List.

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Answers:

Here’s a way that doesn’t affect your list ordering:

ArrayList l1 = new ArrayList();
ArrayList l2 = new ArrayList();

Iterator iterator = l1.iterator();

        while (iterator.hasNext())
        {
            YourClass o = (YourClass) iterator.next();
            if(!l2.contains(o)) l2.add(o);
        }

l1 is the original list, and l2 is the list whithout repeated items
(Make sure YourClass has the equals method acording to what you want to stand for equality)

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There is also ImmutableSet from Guava as an option (here is the documentation):

ImmutableSet.copyOf(list);

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Java 8 streams provide a very simple way to remove duplicate elements from a list. Using the distinct method.
If we have a list of cities and we want to remove duplicates from that list it can be done in a single line –

 List<String> cityList = new ArrayList<>();
 cityList.add("Delhi");
 cityList.add("Mumbai");
 cityList.add("Bangalore");
 cityList.add("Chennai");
 cityList.add("Kolkata");
 cityList.add("Mumbai");

 cityList = cityList.stream().distinct().collect(Collectors.toList());

How to remove duplicate elements from an arraylist

Questions:
Answers:

It is possible to remove duplicates from arraylist without using HashSet or one more arraylist.

Try this code..

    ArrayList<String> lst = new ArrayList<String>();
    lst.add("ABC");
    lst.add("ABC");
    lst.add("ABCD");
    lst.add("ABCD");
    lst.add("ABCE");

    System.out.println("Duplicates List "+lst);

    Object[] st = lst.toArray();
      for (Object s : st) {
        if (lst.indexOf(s) != lst.lastIndexOf(s)) {
            lst.remove(lst.lastIndexOf(s));
         }
      }

    System.out.println("Distinct List "+lst);

Output is

Duplicates List [ABC, ABC, ABCD, ABCD, ABCE]
Distinct List [ABC, ABCD, ABCE]

Questions:
Answers:

Suppose we have a list of String like:

List<String> strList = new ArrayList<>(5);
// insert up to five items to list.        

Then we can remove duplicate elements in in multiple ways.

Prior to Java 8

List<String> deDupStringList = new ArrayList<>(new HashSet<>(strList));

Using Guava

List<String> deDupStringList2 = Lists.newArrayList(Sets.newHashSet(strList));

Using Java 8

List<String> deDupStringList3 = strList.stream().distinct().collect(Collectors.toList());

Note: If we want to maintain the insertion order then we need to use LinkedHashSet in place of HashSet.

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Probably a bit overkill, but I enjoy this kind of isolated problem. 🙂

This code uses a temporary Set (for the uniqueness check) but removes elements directly inside the original list. Since element removal inside an ArrayList can induce a huge amount of array copying, the remove(int)-method is avoided.

public static <T> void removeDuplicates(ArrayList<T> list) {
    int size = list.size();
    int out = 0;
    {
        final Set<T> encountered = new HashSet<T>();
        for (int in = 0; in < size; in++) {
            final T t = list.get(in);
            final boolean first = encountered.add(t);
            if (first) {
                list.set(out++, t);
            }
        }
    }
    while (out < size) {
        list.remove(--size);
    }
}

While we’re at it, here’s a version for LinkedList (a lot nicer!):

public static <T> void removeDuplicates(LinkedList<T> list) {
    final Set<T> encountered = new HashSet<T>();
    for (Iterator<T> iter = list.iterator(); iter.hasNext(); ) {
        final T t = iter.next();
        final boolean first = encountered.add(t);
        if (!first) {
            iter.remove();
        }
    }
}

Use the marker interface to present a unified solution for List:

public static <T> void removeDuplicates(List<T> list) {
    if (list instanceof RandomAccess) {
        // use first version here
    } else {
        // use other version here
    }
}

EDIT: I guess the generics-stuff doesn’t really add any value here.. Oh well. 🙂

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this can solve the problem:

private List<SomeClass> clearListFromDuplicateFirstName(List<SomeClass> list1) {

Map<String, SomeClass> cleanMap = new LinkedHashMap<String, SomeClass>();
for (int i = 0; i < list1.size(); i++) {
     cleanMap.put(list1.get(i).getFirstName(), list1.get(i));
}
List<SomeClass> list = new ArrayList<SomeClass>(cleanMap.values());
return list;
}

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Answers:

You can also do it this way, and preserve order:

// delete duplicates (if any) from 'myArrayList'
myArrayList = new ArrayList<String>(new LinkedHashSet<String>(myArrayList));

Questions:
Answers:
public static void main(String[] args){
    ArrayList<Object> al = new ArrayList<Object>();
    al.add("abc");
    al.add('a');
    al.add('b');
    al.add('a');
    al.add("abc");
    al.add(10.3);
    al.add('c');
    al.add(10);
    al.add("abc");
    al.add(10);
    System.out.println("Before Duplicate Remove:"+al);
    for(int i=0;i<al.size();i++){
        for(int j=i+1;j<al.size();j++){
            if(al.get(i).equals(al.get(j))){
                al.remove(j);
                j--;
            }
        }
    }
    System.out.println("After Removing duplicate:"+al);
}

Questions:
Answers:

If you’re willing to use a third-party library, you can use the method distinct() in Eclipse Collections (formerly GS Collections).

ListIterable<Integer> integers = FastList.newListWith(1, 3, 1, 2, 2, 1);
Assert.assertEquals(
    FastList.newListWith(1, 3, 2),
    integers.distinct());

The advantage of using distinct() instead of converting to a Set and then back to a List is that distinct() preserves the order of the original List, retaining the first occurrence of each element. It’s implemented by using both a Set and a List.

MutableSet<T> seenSoFar = UnifiedSet.newSet();
int size = list.size();
for (int i = 0; i < size; i++)
{
    T item = list.get(i);
    if (seenSoFar.add(item))
    {
        targetCollection.add(item);
    }
}
return targetCollection;

If you cannot convert your original List into an Eclipse Collections type, you can use ListAdapter to get the same API.

MutableList<Integer> distinct = ListAdapter.adapt(integers).distinct();

Note: I am a committer for Eclipse Collections.

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Answers:

This three lines of code can remove the duplicated element from ArrayList or any collection.

List<Entity> entities = repository.findByUserId(userId);

Set<Entity> s = new LinkedHashSet<Entity>(entities);
entities.clear();
entities.addAll(s);

Questions:
Answers:

When you are filling the ArrayList, use a condition for each element. For example:

    ArrayList< Integer > al = new ArrayList< Integer >(); 

    // fill 1 
    for ( int i = 0; i <= 5; i++ ) 
        if ( !al.contains( i ) ) 
            al.add( i ); 

    // fill 2 
    for (int i = 0; i <= 10; i++ ) 
        if ( !al.contains( i ) ) 
            al.add( i ); 

    for( Integer i: al )
    {
        System.out.print( i + " ");     
    }

We will get an array {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10}

Questions:
Answers:

If you want to preserve your Order then it is best to use LinkedHashSet.
Because if you want to pass this List to an Insert Query by Iterating it, the order would be preserved.

Try this

LinkedHashSet link=new LinkedHashSet();
List listOfValues=new ArrayList();
listOfValues.add(link);

This conversion will be very helpful when you want to return a List but not a Set.

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Answers:

Code:

List<String> duplicatList = new ArrayList<String>();
duplicatList = Arrays.asList("AA","BB","CC","DD","DD","EE","AA","FF");
//above AA and DD are duplicate
Set<String> uniqueList = new HashSet<String>(duplicatList);
duplicatList = new ArrayList<String>(uniqueList); //let GC will doing free memory
System.out.println("Removed Duplicate : "+duplicatList);

Note: Definitely, there will be memory overhead.

Questions:
Answers:
ArrayList<String> city=new ArrayList<String>();
city.add("rajkot");
city.add("gondal");
city.add("rajkot");
city.add("gova");
city.add("baroda");
city.add("morbi");
city.add("gova");

HashSet<String> hashSet = new HashSet<String>();
hashSet.addAll(city);
city.clear();
city.addAll(hashSet);
Toast.makeText(getActivity(),"" + city.toString(),Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();

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As said before, you should use a class implementing Set interface instead of List to be sure of unicity of elements. If you have to keep the order of elements, the SortedSet interface can then be used ; the TreeSet class implements that interface.

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LinkedHashSet will do the trick.

String[] arr2 = {"5","1","2","3","3","4","1","2"};
Set<String> set = new LinkedHashSet<String>(Arrays.asList(arr2));
for(String s1 : set)
    System.out.println(s1);

System.out.println( "------------------------" );
String[] arr3 = set.toArray(new String[0]);
for(int i = 0; i < arr3.length; i++)
     System.out.println(arr3[i].toString());

//output: 5,1,2,3,4

Questions:
Answers:
        List<String> result = new ArrayList<String>();
        Set<String> set = new LinkedHashSet<String>();
        String s = "ravi is a good!boy. But ravi is very nasty fellow.";
        StringTokenizer st = new StringTokenizer(s, " ,. ,!");
        while (st.hasMoreTokens()) {
            result.add(st.nextToken());
        }
         System.out.println(result);
         set.addAll(result);
        result.clear();
        result.addAll(set);
        System.out.println(result);

output:
[ravi, is, a, good, boy, But, ravi, is, very, nasty, fellow]
[ravi, is, a, good, boy, But, very, nasty, fellow]

Questions:
Answers:
for(int a=0;a<myArray.size();a++){
        for(int b=a+1;b<myArray.size();b++){
            if(myArray.get(a).equalsIgnoreCase(myArray.get(b))){
                myArray.remove(b); 
                dups++;
                b--;
            }
        }
}

Questions:
Answers:
import java.util.*;
class RemoveDupFrmString
{
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {

        String s="appsc";

        Set<Character> unique = new LinkedHashSet<Character> ();

        for(char c : s.toCharArray()) {

            System.out.println(unique.add(c));
        }
        for(char dis:unique){
            System.out.println(dis);
        }


    }
}

Questions:
Answers:
public Set<Object> findDuplicates(List<Object> list) {
        Set<Object> items = new HashSet<Object>();
        Set<Object> duplicates = new HashSet<Object>();
        for (Object item : list) {
            if (items.contains(item)) {
                duplicates.add(item);
                } else { 
                    items.add(item);
                    } 
            } 
        return duplicates;
        }

Questions:
Answers:
    ArrayList<String> list = new ArrayList<String>();
    HashSet<String> unique = new LinkedHashSet<String>();
    HashSet<String> dup = new LinkedHashSet<String>();
    boolean b = false;
    list.add("Hello");
    list.add("Hello");
    list.add("how");
    list.add("are");
    list.add("u");
    list.add("u");

    for(Iterator iterator= list.iterator();iterator.hasNext();)
    {
        String value = (String)iterator.next();
        System.out.println(value);

        if(b==unique.add(value))
            dup.add(value);
        else
            unique.add(value);


    }
    System.out.println(unique);
    System.out.println(dup);

Questions:
Answers:

If you want to remove duplicates from ArrayList means find the below logic,

public static Object[] removeDuplicate(Object[] inputArray)
{
    long startTime = System.nanoTime();
    int totalSize = inputArray.length;
    Object[] resultArray = new Object[totalSize];
    int newSize = 0;
    for(int i=0; i<totalSize; i++)
    {
        Object value = inputArray[i];
        if(value == null)
        {
            continue;
        }

        for(int j=i+1; j<totalSize; j++)
        {
            if(value.equals(inputArray[j]))
            {
                inputArray[j] = null;
            }
        }
        resultArray[newSize++] = value;
    }

    long endTime = System.nanoTime()-startTime;
    System.out.println("Total Time-B:"+endTime);
    return resultArray;
}

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The @jonathan-stafford solution is OK. But this don’t preserve the list order.

If you want preserve the list order you have to use this:

public static <T> void removeDuplicate(List <T> list) {
Set <T> set = new HashSet <T>();
List <T> newList = new ArrayList <T>();
for (Iterator <T>iter = list.iterator();    iter.hasNext(); ) {
   Object element = iter.next();
   if (set.add((T) element))
      newList.add((T) element);
   }
   list.clear();
   list.addAll(newList);
}

It’s only to complete the answer. Very good!

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Here is my answer without using any other data structure like set or hashmap etc.

public static <T> ArrayList<T> uniquefy(ArrayList<T> myList) {

    ArrayList <T> uniqueArrayList = new ArrayList<T>();
    for (int i = 0; i < myList.size(); i++){
        if (!uniqueArrayList.contains(myList.get(i))){
            uniqueArrayList.add(myList.get(i));
        }
    }

    return uniqueArrayList;
}

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Would something like this work better ?

public static void removeDuplicates(ArrayList<String> list) {
Arraylist<Object> ar     = new Arraylist<Object>();
Arraylist<Object> tempAR = new Arraylist<Object>();
while (list.size()>0){
    ar.add(list(0));
    list.removeall(Collections.singleton(list(0)));
}
list.addAll(ar);

}

That should maintain the order and also not be quadratic in run time.