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How do we get an Android fragment to show up in react-native?

Posted by: admin May 14, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I’ve tried building native ui components and it is often a hit or miss. The component does not appear to be rendered in react-native.

Though, for this question, I am specifically trying to render an Android fragment inside react-native but nothing is showing up. Example code:

public class PreferenceViewManager extends SimpleViewManager<FrameLayout> {
    public static final String REACT_CLASS = "RCTPreferenceView";

    private WeakReference<Activity> activityWeakReference;

    public PreferenceViewManager(WeakReference<Activity> activityWeakReference) {
        this.activityWeakReference = activityWeakReference;
    }

    @Override
    public String getName() {
        return REACT_CLASS;
    }

    @Override
    public FrameLayout createViewInstance(ThemedReactContext context) {
        Log.d(REACT_CLASS, "PreferenceView createViewInstance");
        final FrameLayout view = new FrameLayout(context);
        view.setId(View.generateViewId());
        // Testing if the view does get rendered, it should show white even if fragment is not rendered!
        view.setBackgroundColor(Color.WHITE);
        // not sure where to call fragment beginTransaction properly, the code below is just for testing
        view.postDelayed(new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                onAfterUpdateTransaction(view);
            }
        }, 2000);
        return view;
    }

    @Override
    public void onAfterUpdateTransaction(FrameLayout view) {
        super.onAfterUpdateTransaction(view);

        activityWeakReference.get().getFragmentManager().beginTransaction().replace(view.getId(), new PreferenceView()).commit();
        Log.d(REACT_CLASS, "PreferenceView Commit"); // for debug
    }
}

With the above view manager, the place where the view is supposed to be is not even colored white signifying that the FrameLayout itself does not get rendered.

What am I doing wrong?

How to&Answers:

Actually you are almost in the right direction. The reason your FrameLayout is not rendered is because you did not explicitly add a style in ReactNative to specific its height and width. However, even so, your fragment will not be rendered as well. There are a few changes that you can perform to render your fragment.

In your ViewManager, perform this few changes:

@Override
public FrameLayout createViewInstance(ThemedReactContext context) {
    final FrameLayout view = new FrameLayout(context);
    MyFragment fragment = MyFragment.newInstance();
    // Add the fragment into the FrameLayout
    reactContext.getCurrentActivity().getFragmentManager()
            .beginTransaction()
            .add(fragment, "My_TAG")
            .commit();
    // Execute the commit immediately or can use commitNow() instead
    reactContext.getCurrentActivity().getFragmentManager().executePendingTransactions();
    // This step is needed to in order for ReactNative to render your view
    addView(fragment.getView(), LayoutParams.MATCH_PARENT, LayoutParams.MATCH_PARENT);
    return view;
}

Then in your ReactNative Component

class ExampleComponent extends React.Component {
  render() {
    return (
      <View>
        <Text>Hello</Text>
        <RCTPreferenceView
          {...this.props}
          style={{ height: "80%", width: "100%" }}
        />
      </View>
    );
  }
}

Hope this helps someone out there who is trying to render a fragment inside a ReactNative View

Answer:

You would have to expose the Fragment in a view manager and then bridge the view manager to the react native javascript code.