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# How do you make a string in PHP with a backslash in it?

Questions:

I need a backslash to be a part of a string. How can I do it?

When the backslash \ does not escape the terminating quote of the string or otherwise create a valid escape sequence (in double quoted strings), then either of these work to produce one backslash:

$string = 'abc\def';$string = "abc\def";
//
$string = 'abc\def';$string = "abc\def";


When escaping the next character would cause a parse error (terminating quote of the string) or a valid escape sequence (in double quoted strings) then the backslash needs to be escaped:

$string = 'abcdef\';$string = "abcdef\";

$string = 'abc2';$string = "abc\012";


Use two backslashes.

You can sometimes use a single backslash, but sometimes you need two. When you can use a single backslash depends on two things:

• whether your string is surrounded by single quotes or double quotes and
• the character immediately following the backslash.

If you have a double quote string the backslash is treated as an escape character in many cases so it is best to always escape the backslash with another backslash:

$s = "foo\bar"  In a single quoted string backslashes will be literal unless they are followed by either a single quote or another backslash. So to output a single backslash with a single quoted string you can normally write this: $s = 'foo\bar'


But to output two backslashes in a row you need this:

\$s = 'foo\\bar'


If you always use two backslashes you will never be wrong.

You have to escape all backslashes like "c:\\windows\\".