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How to bundle a native library and a JNI library inside a JAR?

Posted by: admin November 30, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

The library in question is Tokyo Cabinet.

I want is to have the native library, JNI library, and all Java API classes in one JAR file to avoid redistribution headaches.

There seems to be an attempt at this at GitHub, but

  1. It does not include the actual native library, only JNI library.
  2. It seems to be specific to Leiningen‘s native dependencies plugin (it won’t work as a redistributable).

The question is, can I bundle everything in one JAR and redistribute it? If yes, how?

P.S.: Yes, I realize it may have portability implications.

Answers:

https://www.adamheinrich.com/blog/2012/12/how-to-load-native-jni-library-from-jar/

is great article, which solves my issue ..

In my case I’ve got the following code for initialize the library:

static {
    try {
        System.loadLibrary("crypt"); // used for tests. This library in classpath only
    } catch (UnsatisfiedLinkError e) {
        try {
            NativeUtils.loadLibraryFromJar("/natives/crypt.dll"); // during runtime. .DLL within .JAR
        } catch (IOException e1) {
            throw new RuntimeException(e1);
        }
    }
}

Questions:
Answers:

Take a look at One-JAR. It will wrap your application up in a single jar file with a specialised class loader which handles “jars within jars” among other things.

It handles native (JNI) libraries by unpacking them to a temporary working folder as required.

(Disclaimer: I’ve never used One-JAR, haven’t needed to as yet, just had it bookmarked for a rainy day.)

Questions:
Answers:

JarClassLoader is a class loader to load classes, native libraries and resources from a single monster JAR and from JARs inside the monster JAR.

Questions:
Answers:

You will probably have to unjar the native library to the local file system. As far as I know the bit of code that does the native loading looks at the file system.

This code should help get you started (I haven’t looked at it in a while, and it is for a different purpose but should do the trick, and I am pretty busy at the moment, but if you have questions just leave a comment and I’ll answer as soon as I can).

import java.io.Closeable;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
import java.net.URI;
import java.net.URISyntaxException;
import java.net.URL;
import java.net.URLDecoder;
import java.security.CodeSource;
import java.security.ProtectionDomain;
import java.util.zip.ZipEntry;
import java.util.zip.ZipException;
import java.util.zip.ZipFile;


public class FileUtils
{
    public static String getFileName(final Class<?>  owner,
                                     final String    name)
        throws URISyntaxException,
               ZipException,
               IOException
    {
        String    fileName;
        final URI uri;

        try
        {
            final String external;
            final String decoded;
            final int    pos;

            uri      = getResourceAsURI(owner.getPackage().getName().replaceAll("\.", "/") + "/" + name, owner);
            external = uri.toURL().toExternalForm();
            decoded  = external; // URLDecoder.decode(external, "UTF-8");
            pos      = decoded.indexOf(":/");
            fileName = decoded.substring(pos + 1);
        }
        catch(final FileNotFoundException ex)
        {
            fileName = null;
        }

        if(fileName == null || !(new File(fileName).exists()))
        {
            fileName = getFileNameX(owner, name);
        }

        return (fileName);
    }

    private static String getFileNameX(final Class<?> clazz, final String name)
        throws UnsupportedEncodingException
    {
        final URL    url;
        final String fileName;

        url = clazz.getResource(name);

        if(url == null)
        {
            fileName = name;
        }
        else
        {
            final String decoded;
            final int    pos;

            decoded  = URLDecoder.decode(url.toExternalForm(), "UTF-8");
            pos      = decoded.indexOf(":/");
            fileName = decoded.substring(pos + 1);
        }

        return (fileName);
    }

    private static URI getResourceAsURI(final String    resourceName,
                                       final Class<?> clazz)
        throws URISyntaxException,
               ZipException,
               IOException
    {
        final URI uri;
        final URI resourceURI;

        uri         = getJarURI(clazz);
        resourceURI = getFile(uri, resourceName);

        return (resourceURI);
    }

    private static URI getJarURI(final Class<?> clazz)
        throws URISyntaxException
    {
        final ProtectionDomain domain;
        final CodeSource       source;
        final URL              url;
        final URI              uri;

        domain = clazz.getProtectionDomain();
        source = domain.getCodeSource();
        url    = source.getLocation();
        uri    = url.toURI();

        return (uri);
    }

    private static URI getFile(final URI    where,
                               final String fileName)
        throws ZipException,
               IOException
    {
        final File location;
        final URI  fileURI;

        location = new File(where);

        // not in a JAR, just return the path on disk
        if(location.isDirectory())
        {
            fileURI = URI.create(where.toString() + fileName);
        }
        else
        {
            final ZipFile zipFile;

            zipFile = new ZipFile(location);

            try
            {
                fileURI = extract(zipFile, fileName);
            }
            finally
            {
                zipFile.close();
            }
        }

        return (fileURI);
    }

    private static URI extract(final ZipFile zipFile,
                               final String  fileName)
        throws IOException
    {
        final File         tempFile;
        final ZipEntry     entry;
        final InputStream  zipStream;
        OutputStream       fileStream;

        tempFile = File.createTempFile(fileName.replace("/", ""), Long.toString(System.currentTimeMillis()));
        tempFile.deleteOnExit();
        entry    = zipFile.getEntry(fileName);

        if(entry == null)
        {
            throw new FileNotFoundException("cannot find file: " + fileName + " in archive: " + zipFile.getName());
        }

        zipStream  = zipFile.getInputStream(entry);
        fileStream = null;

        try
        {
            final byte[] buf;
            int          i;

            fileStream = new FileOutputStream(tempFile);
            buf        = new byte[1024];
            i          = 0;

            while((i = zipStream.read(buf)) != -1)
            {
                fileStream.write(buf, 0, i);
            }
        }
        finally
        {
            close(zipStream);
            close(fileStream);
        }

        return (tempFile.toURI());
    }

    private static void close(final Closeable stream)
    {
        if(stream != null)
        {
            try
            {
                stream.close();
            }
            catch(final IOException ex)
            {
                ex.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }
}

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