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How to calculate crc16 in php

Posted by: admin July 12, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I need help in converting CRC code written in Ojective C to PHP. The following is the Objective C code

static UInt16 CRC16_Table[] =
   {    0x0000, 0x2110, 0x4220, 0x6330, 0x8440, 0xa550, 0xc660, 0xe770,
    0x0881, 0x2991, 0x4aa1, 0x6bb1, 0x8cc1, 0xadd1, 0xcee1, 0xeff1,
    0x3112, 0x1002, 0x7332, 0x5222, 0xb552, 0x9442, 0xf772, 0xd662,
    0x3993, 0x1883, 0x7bb3, 0x5aa3, 0xbdd3, 0x9cc3, 0xfff3, 0xdee3,
    0x6224, 0x4334, 0x2004, 0x0114, 0xe664, 0xc774, 0xa444, 0x8554,
    0x6aa5, 0x4bb5, 0x2885, 0x0995, 0xeee5, 0xcff5, 0xacc5, 0x8dd5,
    0x5336, 0x7226, 0x1116, 0x3006, 0xd776, 0xf666, 0x9556, 0xb446,
    0x5bb7, 0x7aa7, 0x1997, 0x3887, 0xdff7, 0xfee7, 0x9dd7, 0xbcc7,
    0xc448, 0xe558, 0x8668, 0xa778, 0x4008, 0x6118, 0x0228, 0x2338,
    0xccc9, 0xedd9, 0x8ee9, 0xaff9, 0x4889, 0x6999, 0x0aa9, 0x2bb9,
    0xf55a, 0xd44a, 0xb77a, 0x966a, 0x711a, 0x500a, 0x333a, 0x122a,
    0xfddb, 0xdccb, 0xbffb, 0x9eeb, 0x799b, 0x588b, 0x3bbb, 0x1aab,
    0xa66c, 0x877c, 0xe44c, 0xc55c, 0x222c, 0x033c, 0x600c, 0x411c,
    0xaeed, 0x8ffd, 0xeccd, 0xcddd, 0x2aad, 0x0bbd, 0x688d, 0x499d,
    0x977e, 0xb66e, 0xd55e, 0xf44e, 0x133e, 0x322e, 0x511e, 0x700e,
    0x9fff, 0xbeef, 0xdddf, 0xfccf, 0x1bbf, 0x3aaf, 0x599f, 0x788f,
    0x8891, 0xa981, 0xcab1, 0xeba1, 0x0cd1, 0x2dc1, 0x4ef1, 0x6fe1,
    0x8010, 0xa100, 0xc230, 0xe320, 0x0450, 0x2540, 0x4670, 0x6760,
    0xb983, 0x9893, 0xfba3, 0xdab3, 0x3dc3, 0x1cd3, 0x7fe3, 0x5ef3,
    0xb102, 0x9012, 0xf322, 0xd232, 0x3542, 0x1452, 0x7762, 0x5672,
    0xeab5, 0xcba5, 0xa895, 0x8985, 0x6ef5, 0x4fe5, 0x2cd5, 0x0dc5,
    0xe234, 0xc324, 0xa014, 0x8104, 0x6674, 0x4764, 0x2454, 0x0544,
    0xdba7, 0xfab7, 0x9987, 0xb897, 0x5fe7, 0x7ef7, 0x1dc7, 0x3cd7,
    0xd326, 0xf236, 0x9106, 0xb016, 0x5766, 0x7676, 0x1546, 0x3456,
    0x4cd9, 0x6dc9, 0x0ef9, 0x2fe9, 0xc899, 0xe989, 0x8ab9, 0xaba9,
    0x4458, 0x6548, 0x0678, 0x2768, 0xc018, 0xe108, 0x8238, 0xa328,
    0x7dcb, 0x5cdb, 0x3feb, 0x1efb, 0xf98b, 0xd89b, 0xbbab, 0x9abb,
    0x754a, 0x545a, 0x376a, 0x167a, 0xf10a, 0xd01a, 0xb32a, 0x923a,
    0x2efd, 0x0fed, 0x6cdd, 0x4dcd, 0xaabd, 0x8bad, 0xe89d, 0xc98d,
    0x267c, 0x076c, 0x645c, 0x454c, 0xa23c, 0x832c, 0xe01c, 0xc10c,
    0x1fef, 0x3eff, 0x5dcf, 0x7cdf, 0x9baf, 0xbabf, 0xd98f, 0xf89f,
    0x176e, 0x367e, 0x554e, 0x745e, 0x932e, 0xb23e, 0xd10e, 0xf01e
   };


   +(SInt16) CalculateCRC16 : (Byte*)buffer : (UInt16) length
   {
    UInt32   crc=0;

    while (length--)
        crc = ((crc>>8) & 0xff) ^ *(CRC16_Table + ((*buffer++ ^ crc) & 0xff));

    return((SInt16)crc);
   }

and the following is the code I’ve written so far in php

$CRC16_Table = array
        (   0x0000, 0x2110, 0x4220, 0x6330, 0x8440, 0xa550, 0xc660, 0xe770,
            0x0881, 0x2991, 0x4aa1, 0x6bb1, 0x8cc1, 0xadd1, 0xcee1, 0xeff1,
            0x3112, 0x1002, 0x7332, 0x5222, 0xb552, 0x9442, 0xf772, 0xd662,
            0x3993, 0x1883, 0x7bb3, 0x5aa3, 0xbdd3, 0x9cc3, 0xfff3, 0xdee3,
            0x6224, 0x4334, 0x2004, 0x0114, 0xe664, 0xc774, 0xa444, 0x8554,
            0x6aa5, 0x4bb5, 0x2885, 0x0995, 0xeee5, 0xcff5, 0xacc5, 0x8dd5,
            0x5336, 0x7226, 0x1116, 0x3006, 0xd776, 0xf666, 0x9556, 0xb446,
            0x5bb7, 0x7aa7, 0x1997, 0x3887, 0xdff7, 0xfee7, 0x9dd7, 0xbcc7,
            0xc448, 0xe558, 0x8668, 0xa778, 0x4008, 0x6118, 0x0228, 0x2338,
            0xccc9, 0xedd9, 0x8ee9, 0xaff9, 0x4889, 0x6999, 0x0aa9, 0x2bb9,
            0xf55a, 0xd44a, 0xb77a, 0x966a, 0x711a, 0x500a, 0x333a, 0x122a,
            0xfddb, 0xdccb, 0xbffb, 0x9eeb, 0x799b, 0x588b, 0x3bbb, 0x1aab,
            0xa66c, 0x877c, 0xe44c, 0xc55c, 0x222c, 0x033c, 0x600c, 0x411c,
            0xaeed, 0x8ffd, 0xeccd, 0xcddd, 0x2aad, 0x0bbd, 0x688d, 0x499d,
            0x977e, 0xb66e, 0xd55e, 0xf44e, 0x133e, 0x322e, 0x511e, 0x700e,
            0x9fff, 0xbeef, 0xdddf, 0xfccf, 0x1bbf, 0x3aaf, 0x599f, 0x788f,
            0x8891, 0xa981, 0xcab1, 0xeba1, 0x0cd1, 0x2dc1, 0x4ef1, 0x6fe1,
            0x8010, 0xa100, 0xc230, 0xe320, 0x0450, 0x2540, 0x4670, 0x6760,
            0xb983, 0x9893, 0xfba3, 0xdab3, 0x3dc3, 0x1cd3, 0x7fe3, 0x5ef3,
            0xb102, 0x9012, 0xf322, 0xd232, 0x3542, 0x1452, 0x7762, 0x5672,
            0xeab5, 0xcba5, 0xa895, 0x8985, 0x6ef5, 0x4fe5, 0x2cd5, 0x0dc5,
            0xe234, 0xc324, 0xa014, 0x8104, 0x6674, 0x4764, 0x2454, 0x0544,
            0xdba7, 0xfab7, 0x9987, 0xb897, 0x5fe7, 0x7ef7, 0x1dc7, 0x3cd7,
            0xd326, 0xf236, 0x9106, 0xb016, 0x5766, 0x7676, 0x1546, 0x3456,
            0x4cd9, 0x6dc9, 0x0ef9, 0x2fe9, 0xc899, 0xe989, 0x8ab9, 0xaba9,
            0x4458, 0x6548, 0x0678, 0x2768, 0xc018, 0xe108, 0x8238, 0xa328,
            0x7dcb, 0x5cdb, 0x3feb, 0x1efb, 0xf98b, 0xd89b, 0xbbab, 0x9abb,
            0x754a, 0x545a, 0x376a, 0x167a, 0xf10a, 0xd01a, 0xb32a, 0x923a,
            0x2efd, 0x0fed, 0x6cdd, 0x4dcd, 0xaabd, 0x8bad, 0xe89d, 0xc98d,
            0x267c, 0x076c, 0x645c, 0x454c, 0xa23c, 0x832c, 0xe01c, 0xc10c,
            0x1fef, 0x3eff, 0x5dcf, 0x7cdf, 0x9baf, 0xbabf, 0xd98f, 0xf89f,
            0x176e, 0x367e, 0x554e, 0x745e, 0x932e, 0xb23e, 0xd10e, 0xf01e
        );

   function CalculateCRC16($strMessage)
   {
      $hexdata = pack('H*',$strMessage);
        $nLength = strlen($hexdata);
        $crc = 0xFFFF;
        $pos = 0;
        while($nLength > 0)
        {
            $crc = ($crc >> 8) ^ $CRC16_Table[($crc ^ ord($hexdata[$pos])) &       0xFF];
            $nLength--;
            $pos++;
        }
        return ~$crc;
   }

Where $strMessage contains packed values, but it does not give the correct result.

Any help will be highly appreciated.

How to&Answers:

This seems to work, tested with several values against this website for CRC-16-CCITT

Note that it uses PHP strings as direct byte buffers, because it’s PHP’s closest equivalent to byte[]

<?php

class CRC16 {
    private static $CRC16_Table = array
        (   0x0000, 0x2110, 0x4220, 0x6330, 0x8440, 0xa550, 0xc660, 0xe770,
            0x0881, 0x2991, 0x4aa1, 0x6bb1, 0x8cc1, 0xadd1, 0xcee1, 0xeff1,
            0x3112, 0x1002, 0x7332, 0x5222, 0xb552, 0x9442, 0xf772, 0xd662,
            0x3993, 0x1883, 0x7bb3, 0x5aa3, 0xbdd3, 0x9cc3, 0xfff3, 0xdee3,
            0x6224, 0x4334, 0x2004, 0x0114, 0xe664, 0xc774, 0xa444, 0x8554,
            0x6aa5, 0x4bb5, 0x2885, 0x0995, 0xeee5, 0xcff5, 0xacc5, 0x8dd5,
            0x5336, 0x7226, 0x1116, 0x3006, 0xd776, 0xf666, 0x9556, 0xb446,
            0x5bb7, 0x7aa7, 0x1997, 0x3887, 0xdff7, 0xfee7, 0x9dd7, 0xbcc7,
            0xc448, 0xe558, 0x8668, 0xa778, 0x4008, 0x6118, 0x0228, 0x2338,
            0xccc9, 0xedd9, 0x8ee9, 0xaff9, 0x4889, 0x6999, 0x0aa9, 0x2bb9,
            0xf55a, 0xd44a, 0xb77a, 0x966a, 0x711a, 0x500a, 0x333a, 0x122a,
            0xfddb, 0xdccb, 0xbffb, 0x9eeb, 0x799b, 0x588b, 0x3bbb, 0x1aab,
            0xa66c, 0x877c, 0xe44c, 0xc55c, 0x222c, 0x033c, 0x600c, 0x411c,
            0xaeed, 0x8ffd, 0xeccd, 0xcddd, 0x2aad, 0x0bbd, 0x688d, 0x499d,
            0x977e, 0xb66e, 0xd55e, 0xf44e, 0x133e, 0x322e, 0x511e, 0x700e,
            0x9fff, 0xbeef, 0xdddf, 0xfccf, 0x1bbf, 0x3aaf, 0x599f, 0x788f,
            0x8891, 0xa981, 0xcab1, 0xeba1, 0x0cd1, 0x2dc1, 0x4ef1, 0x6fe1,
            0x8010, 0xa100, 0xc230, 0xe320, 0x0450, 0x2540, 0x4670, 0x6760,
            0xb983, 0x9893, 0xfba3, 0xdab3, 0x3dc3, 0x1cd3, 0x7fe3, 0x5ef3,
            0xb102, 0x9012, 0xf322, 0xd232, 0x3542, 0x1452, 0x7762, 0x5672,
            0xeab5, 0xcba5, 0xa895, 0x8985, 0x6ef5, 0x4fe5, 0x2cd5, 0x0dc5,
            0xe234, 0xc324, 0xa014, 0x8104, 0x6674, 0x4764, 0x2454, 0x0544,
            0xdba7, 0xfab7, 0x9987, 0xb897, 0x5fe7, 0x7ef7, 0x1dc7, 0x3cd7,
            0xd326, 0xf236, 0x9106, 0xb016, 0x5766, 0x7676, 0x1546, 0x3456,
            0x4cd9, 0x6dc9, 0x0ef9, 0x2fe9, 0xc899, 0xe989, 0x8ab9, 0xaba9,
            0x4458, 0x6548, 0x0678, 0x2768, 0xc018, 0xe108, 0x8238, 0xa328,
            0x7dcb, 0x5cdb, 0x3feb, 0x1efb, 0xf98b, 0xd89b, 0xbbab, 0x9abb,
            0x754a, 0x545a, 0x376a, 0x167a, 0xf10a, 0xd01a, 0xb32a, 0x923a,
            0x2efd, 0x0fed, 0x6cdd, 0x4dcd, 0xaabd, 0x8bad, 0xe89d, 0xc98d,
            0x267c, 0x076c, 0x645c, 0x454c, 0xa23c, 0x832c, 0xe01c, 0xc10c,
            0x1fef, 0x3eff, 0x5dcf, 0x7cdf, 0x9baf, 0xbabf, 0xd98f, 0xf89f,
            0x176e, 0x367e, 0x554e, 0x745e, 0x932e, 0xb23e, 0xd10e, 0xf01e
        );

    public static function calculate( $buffer ) {
        $length = strlen($buffer);

        $crc = 0;
        $i = 0;
        while( $length-- ) {
            $crc = (( $crc >> 8) & 0xff) ^ (self::$CRC16_Table[(ord($buffer[$i++]) ^ $crc) & 0xFF]);
        }

        return (($crc & 0xFFFF) ^ 0x8000) - 0x8000;
    }    
}

echo CRC16::calculate( "\x74\x65\x73\x74" );

Answer:

It is CRC-16 CCITT, may be it’ll help you

<?php
function crc16($data)
 {
   $crc = 0xFFFF;
   for ($i = 0; $i < strlen($data); $i++)
   {
     $x = (($crc >> 8) ^ ord($data[$i])) & 0xFF;
     $x ^= $x >> 4;
     $crc = (($crc << 8) ^ ($x << 12) ^ ($x << 5) ^ $x) & 0xFFFF;
   }
   return $crc;
 }
?>