Home » Java » How to call a SOAP web service on Android [closed]

How to call a SOAP web service on Android [closed]

Posted by: admin November 2, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

I am having a lot of trouble finding good information on how to call a standard SOAP/WSDL web service with Android. All I’ve been able to find are either very convoluted documents and references to “kSoap2” and then some bit about parsing it all manually with SAX. OK, that’s fine, but it’s 2008, so I figured there should be some good library for calling standard web services.

The web service is just basically one created in NetBeans. I would like to have IDE support for generating the plumbing classes. I just need the easiest/most-elegant way to contact a WSDL based web service from an Android-based phone.

Answers:

Android does not provide any sort of SOAP library. You can either write your own, or use something like kSOAP 2. As you note, others have been able to compile and use kSOAP2 in their own projects, but I haven’t had to.

Google has shown, to date, little interest in adding a SOAP library to Android. My suspicion for this is that they’d rather support the current trends in Web Services toward REST-based services, and using JSON as a data encapsulation format. Or, using XMPP for messaging. But that is just conjecture.

XML-based web services are a slightly non-trivial task on Android at this time. Not knowing NetBeans, I can’t speak to the tools available there, but I agree that a better library should be available. It is possible that the XmlPullParser will save you from using SAX, but I don’t know much about that.

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Answers:

org.apache.http.impl.client.DefaultHttpClient comes in the Android SDK by default. That’ll get you connected to the WSDL.

HttpClient httpClient = new DefaultHttpClient();
HttpContext localContext = new BasicHttpContext();
HttpGet httpGet = new HttpGet("http://www.example.com/" + URL);
HttpResponse response = httpClient.execute(httpGet, localContext);

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It’s true that due to it’s overhead SOAP is not the best choice for data exchange with mobile devices. However, you might find yourself in situation in which you do not control the format of server output.

So, if you have to stick with SOAP, there is a kSOAP2 library patched for Android here:
http://code.google.com/p/ksoap2-android/

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Answers:

To call a web service from a mobile device (especially on an Android phone), I have used a very simple way to do it. I have not used any web service client API in attempt to call the web service. My approach is as follows to make a call.

  1. Create a simple HTTP connection by
    using the Java standard API
    HttpURLConnection.
  2. Form a SOAP request. (You can make
    help of SOAPUI to make a SOAP
    request.)
  3. Set doOutPut flag as true.
  4. Set HTTP header values like
    content-length, Content
    type, and User-agent. Do not forget
    to set Content-length value as it is a mandatory.
  5. Write entire the SOAP request to the output stream.
  6. Call the method to make a connection and
    receive the response (In my case I used
    getResonseCode).
  7. If your received response code as
    1. It means you are succeeded to call web service.
  8. Now take an input stream on the same
    HTTP connection and receive the
    string object. This string object is
    a SOAP response.
  9. If the response code is other than
    200 then take a ErrorInput stream on
    same HTTPobject and receive the
    error if any.
  10. Parse the received response
    using SAXParser (in my case) or
    DOMParaser or any other parsing
    mechanism.

I have implemented this procedure for the Android phone, and it is successfully running. I am able to parse the response even if it is more than 700 KB.

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Answers:

SOAP is an ill-suited technology for use on Android (or mobile devices in general) because of the processing/parsing overhead that’s required. A REST services is a lighter weight solution and that’s what I would suggest. Android comes with a SAX parser, and it’s fairly trivial to use. If you are absolutely required to handle/parse SOAP on a mobile device then I feel sorry for you, the best advice I can offer is just not to use SOAP.

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Answers:

DON’T FORGET TO ADD ksoap2.jar in your project and also add the
INTERNET permission in AndroidManifest file

import org.ksoap2.SoapEnvelope;
import org.ksoap2.serialization.PropertyInfo;
import org.ksoap2.serialization.SoapObject;
import org.ksoap2.serialization.SoapPrimitive;
import org.ksoap2.serialization.SoapSerializationEnvelope;
import org.ksoap2.transport.HttpTransportSE;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.widget.TextView;

public class WebserviceActivity extends Activity {

    private static final String NAMESPACE = "https://api.authorize.net/soap/v1/";
    private static final String URL ="https://apitest.authorize.net/soap/v1/Service.asmx?wsdl"; 
    private static final String SOAP_ACTION = "https://api.authorize.net/soap/v1/AuthenticateTest";
    private static final String METHOD_NAME = "AuthenticateTest";
    private TextView lblResult;


    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);

        lblResult = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.tv);

        SoapObject request = new SoapObject(NAMESPACE, METHOD_NAME); 
        request.addProperty("name","44vmMAYrhjfhj66fhJN");
        request.addProperty("transactionKey","9MDQ7fghjghjh53H48k7e7n");
        SoapSerializationEnvelope envelope = new SoapSerializationEnvelope(SoapEnvelope.VER11); 
        envelope.setOutputSoapObject(request);
        HttpTransportSE androidHttpTransport = new HttpTransportSE(URL);
        try {
            androidHttpTransport.call(SOAP_ACTION, envelope);

            //SoapPrimitive  resultsRequestSOAP = (SoapPrimitive) envelope.getResponse();
            // SoapPrimitive  resultsRequestSOAP = (SoapPrimitive) envelope.getResponse();
            SoapObject resultsRequestSOAP = (SoapObject) envelope.bodyIn;


            lblResult.setText(resultsRequestSOAP.toString());
            System.out.println("Response::"+resultsRequestSOAP.toString());


        } catch (Exception e) {
            System.out.println("Error"+e);
        }

    }
}

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Answers:

About a year ago I was reading this thread trying to figure out how to do SOAP calls on Android – the suggestions to build my own using HttpClient resulted in me building my own SOAP library for Android:

IceSoap

Basically it allows you to build up envelopes to send via a simple Java API, then automatically parses them into objects that you define via XPath… for example:

<Dictionary>
    <Id></Id>
    <Name></Name>
</Dictionary>

Becomes:

@XMLObject("//Dictionary")
public class Dictionary {
    @XMLField("Id")
    private String id;

    @XMLField("Name")
    private String name;
}

I was using it for my own project but I figured it might help some other people so I’ve spent some time separating it out and documenting it. I’d really love it if some of your poor souls who stumble on this thread while googling “SOAP Android” could give it a go and get some benefit.

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Answers:

I had my tryst with KSOAP; I chose a rather simpler approach.

Given a WSDL file, create SOAP Request templates for each Request(for e.g.: using SOAP UI) and then substitute the values to be passed in code. POST this data to the service end point using DefaultHttpClient instance and get the response stream. Parse the Response Stream using an XML Pull parser.

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Answers:

You can have a look at WSClient++

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Answers:

I’ve created a new SOAP client for the Android platform. It is using a JAX-WS generated interface, but it is only a proof-of-concept so far.

If you are interested, please try the example and/or watch the source at AndroidSOAP.

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If you can, go for JSON. Android comes with the complete org.json package

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Call ksoap2 methods. It works very fine.

Set up the details, like

private static String mNAMESPACE=null;
private static String mURL=null;
public static Context context=null;
SoapSerializationEnvelope envelope = new SoapSerializationEnvelope(SoapEnvelope.VER11);
envelope.dotNet = true;
envelope.setOutputSoapObject(Request);

envelope.addMapping(mNAMESPACE, "UserCredentials",new UserCredendtials().getClass());
AndroidHttpTransport androidHttpTransport = new AndroidHttpTransport(mURL);

and then to get the result do

androidHttpTransport.call(SOAP_ACTION, envelope);
result = (SoapPrimitive)envelope.getResponse();

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I hope Calling a web service from Android helps.

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I am sure you could make a little SOAP client with Axis. Axis installation instructions.

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Few months ago I was working with jax-ws web service in j2ee application, There we were using CXF wsdl2java to generate WS client stub from the WSDL file and with those client stubs we consumed the web services. Few weeks ago, when I was trying to consume the web service in the same way in android platform I couldn’t, because the android jar has not all the “jax-ws” supporting classes in it. That time I didn’t find any such tool ( if I wasn’t failed to google efficiently) to meet my requirement —

  • Get the client stub from the WSDL.
  • And call the Service with some argument (java business request
    object).
  • Get the Response Business Object.

So, I developed my own Android SOAP Client Generation Tool. Where you have to follow these steps :

  • From WSDL Get WS Client Stub, Put it in your project.
  • Say for Some Service “ComplexOperationService”, Instantiate the
    Service, Get the Endpoint port and call the service method, and get the response from the Web service :

eg:

ComplexOperationService service = new ComplexOperationService( );
ComplexOperation port= service.getComplexOperationPort();    
SomeComplexRequest request = --Get some complex request----;    
SomeComplexResp resp = port.operate( request  );
  • You don’t need to care about the service class/req/response classes or any other classes and the method as well, as you know its all are generated from WSDL.
  • And of course you needn’t be aware of the soap action/envelop/namespace etc. Just call the method as we, developers do all the time.
Questions:
Answers:

I think Call SOAP Web Service from Android application will help you a lot.

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Answers:

Follow these steps by the method SOAP

From the WSDL file,

  • create SOAP Request templates for each Request.

  • Then substitute the values to be passed in code.

  • POST this data to the service end point using DefaultHttpClient instance.

  • Get the response stream and finally

  • Parse the Response Stream using an XML Pull parser.

Questions:
Answers:

If you can use JSON, there is a whitepaper, a video and the sample.code in Developing Application Services with PHP Servers and Android Phone Clients.

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For me the easiest way is to use good tool to generate all required classes. Personally I use this site:

http://easywsdl.com/

It supports quite complex web services and uses ksoap2.

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I would suggest checking out a very useful tool that helped me a lot. The guys
who take care of that project were very helpful, too.
www.wsdl2code.com/

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If you are having problem regarding calling Web Service in android then
You can Use below code to call the web service and get response .Make sure that your Web Service return the response in Data Table Format..This code help you if you using data from SQL Server database .If you you using MYSQL you need to change one thing just replace word NewDataSet from sentence obj2=(SoapObject) obj1.getProperty("NewDataSet"); by DocumentElement

void callWebService(){

private static final String NAMESPACE = "http://tempuri.org/"; // for wsdl it may be package name i.e http://package_name
private static final String URL = "http://localhost/sample/services/MyService?wsdl";
// you can use IP address instead of localhost
private static final String METHOD_NAME = "Function_Name";
private static final String SOAP_ACTION = "urn:" + METHOD_NAME;

    SoapObject request = new SoapObject(NAMESPACE, METHOD_NAME);
    request.addProperty("parm_name", prm_value);// Parameter for Method
    SoapSerializationEnvelope envelope = new SoapSerializationEnvelope(SoapEnvelope.VER11);
    envelope.dotNet = true;// **If your Webservice in .net otherwise remove it**
    envelope.setOutputSoapObject(request);
    HttpTransportSE androidHttpTransport = new HttpTransportSE(URL);

    try {
        androidHttpTransport.call(SOAP_ACTION, envelope);// call the eb service
                                                                                                         // Method
    } catch (Exception e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }

    // Next task is to get Response and format that response
    SoapObject obj, obj1, obj2, obj3;
    obj = (SoapObject) envelope.getResponse();
    obj1 = (SoapObject) obj.getProperty("diffgram");
    obj2 = (SoapObject) obj1.getProperty("NewDataSet");

    for (int i = 0; i < obj2.getPropertyCount(); i++) { 
// the method getPropertyCount() and  return the number of rows
            obj3 = (SoapObject) obj2.getProperty(i);
            obj3.getProperty(0).toString();// value of column 1
            obj3.getProperty(1).toString();// value of column 2
            // like that you will get value from each column
        }
    }

If you have any problem regarding this you can write me..

Questions:
Answers:

This is a working example of consuming SOAP web services in android.

**Note ::***DON’T FORGET TO ADD ksoap2.jar in your project and also add the INTERNET permission in AndroidManifest file*

public final String WSDL_TARGET_NAMESPACE = "http://tempuri.org/";
public final String METHOD_NAME = "FahrenheitToCelsius";
public final String PROPERTY_NAME = "Fahrenheit";
public final String SOAP_ACTION = "http://tempuri.org/FahrenheitToCelsius";
public final String SOAP_ADDRESS = "http://www.w3schools.com/webservices/tempconvert.asmx";


private class TestAsynk extends AsyncTask<String, Void, String> {

    @Override
    protected void onPostExecute(String result) {

        super.onPostExecute(result);
        Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(),
                String.format("%.2f", Float.parseFloat(result)),
                Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
    }

    @Override
    protected String doInBackground(String... params) {
        SoapObject request = new SoapObject(WSDL_TARGET_NAMESPACE,
                METHOD_NAME);
        request.addProperty(PROPERTY_NAME, params[0]);

        SoapSerializationEnvelope envelope = new SoapSerializationEnvelope(
                SoapEnvelope.VER11);
        envelope.dotNet = true;

        envelope.setOutputSoapObject(request);

        HttpTransportSE androidHttpTransport = new HttpTransportSE(
                SOAP_ADDRESS);
        Object response = null;
        try {

            androidHttpTransport.call(SOAP_ACTION, envelope);
            response = envelope.getResponse();
            Log.e("Object response", response.toString());

        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return response.toString();
    }
}

Questions:
Answers:

Please download and add SOAP library file with your project
File Name : ksoap2-android-assembly-3.4.0-jar-with-dependencies

Clean the application and then start program

Here is the code for SOAP service call

    String SOAP_ACTION = "YOUR_ACTION_NAME";
    String METHOD_NAME = "YOUR_METHOD_NAME";
    String NAMESPACE = "YOUR_NAME_SPACE";
    String URL = "YOUR_URL";
    SoapPrimitive resultString = null;

    try {
        SoapObject Request = new SoapObject(NAMESPACE, METHOD_NAME);
        addPropertyForSOAP(Request);

        SoapSerializationEnvelope soapEnvelope = new SoapSerializationEnvelope(SoapEnvelope.VER11);
        soapEnvelope.dotNet = true;
        soapEnvelope.setOutputSoapObject(Request);

        HttpTransportSE transport = new HttpTransportSE(URL);

        transport.call(SOAP_ACTION, soapEnvelope);
        resultString = (SoapPrimitive) soapEnvelope.getResponse();

        Log.i("SOAP Result", "Result Celsius: " + resultString);
    } catch (Exception ex) {
        Log.e("SOAP Result", "Error: " + ex.getMessage());
    }
    if(resultString != null) {
        return resultString.toString();
    }
    else{
        return "error";
    }

The results may be JSONObject or JSONArray Or String

For your better reference,
https://trinitytuts.com/load-data-from-soap-web-service-in-android-application/

Thanks.

Questions:
Answers:

To call a SOAP web Service from android , try to use this client

DON’T FORGET TO ADD ksoap2-android.jar in your java build path

public class WsClient {
    private static final String SOAP_ACTION = "somme";
    private static final String OPERATION_NAME = "somme";
    private static final String WSDL_TARGET_NAMESPACE = "http://example.ws";
    private static final String SOAP_ADDRESS = "http://192.168.1.2:8080/axis2/services/Calculatrice?wsdl";

    public String caclculerSomme() {

        String res = null;
        SoapObject request = new SoapObject(WSDL_TARGET_NAMESPACE,
                OPERATION_NAME);
        request.addProperty("a", "5");
        request.addProperty("b", "2");

        SoapSerializationEnvelope envelope = new SoapSerializationEnvelope(
                SoapEnvelope.VER11);
        envelope.dotNet = true;
        envelope.setOutputSoapObject(request);
        HttpTransportSE httpTransport = new HttpTransportSE(SOAP_ADDRESS);

        try {
            httpTransport.call(SOAP_ACTION, envelope);
            String result = envelope.getResponse().toString();
            res = result;
            System.out.println("############# resull is :" + result);
        } catch (Exception exception) {
            System.out.println("########### ERRER" + exception.getMessage());
        }

        return res;
    }
}

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You may perform soap call as post over http with certain headers.
I solved this question without additional libraries like ksoap2
Here is live code getting orders from soap service

private static HashMap<String,String> mHeaders = new HashMap<>();

static {
    mHeaders.put("Accept-Encoding","gzip,deflate");
    mHeaders.put("Content-Type", "application/soap+xml");
    mHeaders.put("Host", "35.15.85.55:8080");
    mHeaders.put("Connection", "Keep-Alive");
    mHeaders.put("User-Agent","AndroidApp");
    mHeaders.put("Authorization","Basic Q2xpZW50NTkzMzppMjR3s2U="); // optional
}public final static InputStream receiveCurrentShipments(String stringUrlShipments)
{
    int status=0;
    String xmlstring= "<soap:Envelope xmlns:soap=\"http://www.w3.org/2003/05/soap-envelope\" xmlns:ser=\"http://35.15.85.55:8080/ServiceTransfer\">\n" +
            "   <soap:Header/>\n" +
            "   <soap:Body>\n" +
            "      <ser:GetAllOrdersOfShipment>\n" +
            "         <ser:CodeOfBranch></ser:CodeOfBranch>\n" +
            "      </ser:GetAllOrdersOfShipment>\n" +
            "   </soap:Body>\n" +
            "</soap:Envelope>";
    StringBuffer chaine = new StringBuffer("");

    HttpURLConnection connection = null;
    try {
        URL url = new URL(stringUrlShipments);
        connection = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
        connection.setRequestProperty("Content-Length", xmlstring.getBytes().length + "");
        connection.setRequestProperty("SOAPAction", "http://35.15.85.55:8080/ServiceTransfer/GetAllOrdersOfShipment");

        for(Map.Entry<String, String> entry : mHeaders.entrySet()) {
            String key = entry.getKey();
            String value = entry.getValue();
            connection.setRequestProperty(key,value);

        }

        connection.setRequestMethod("POST");
        connection.setDoInput(true);

        OutputStream outputStream = connection.getOutputStream();
        outputStream.write(xmlstring.getBytes("UTF-8"));
        outputStream.close();

        connection.connect();
        status = connection.getResponseCode();
    } catch (ProtocolException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    } catch (IOException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    } finally {

        Log.i("HTTP Client", "HTTP status code : " + status);
    }

    InputStream inputStream = null;
    try {
        inputStream = connection.getInputStream();
    } catch (IOException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }

    return inputStream;
}

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Answers:

Add Soap Libaray(ksoap2-android-assembly-3.2.0-jar-with-dependencies.jar):

public static String Fn_Confirm_CollectMoney_Approval(

        HashMap < String, String > str1,
        HashMap < String, String > str2,
        HashMap < String, String > str3) {

    Object response = null;
    String METHOD_NAME = "CollectMoney";
    String NAMESPACE = "http://xxx/yyy/xxx";
    String URL = "http://www.w3schools.com/webservices/tempconvert.asmx";
    String SOAP_ACTION = "";

    try {

        SoapObject RequestParent = new SoapObject(NAMESPACE, METHOD_NAME);

        SoapObject Request1 = new SoapObject(NAMESPACE, "req");

        PropertyInfo pi = new PropertyInfo();

        Set mapSet1 = (Set) str1.entrySet();

        Iterator mapIterator1 = mapSet1.iterator();

        while (mapIterator1.hasNext()) {

            Map.Entry mapEntry = (Map.Entry) mapIterator1.next();

            String keyValue = (String) mapEntry.getKey();

            String value = (String) mapEntry.getValue();

            pi = new PropertyInfo();

            pi.setNamespace("java:com.xxx");

            pi.setName(keyValue);

            pi.setValue(value);

            Request1.addProperty(pi);
        }

        mapSet1 = (Set) str3.entrySet();

        mapIterator1 = mapSet1.iterator();

        while (mapIterator1.hasNext()) {

            Map.Entry mapEntry = (Map.Entry) mapIterator1.next();

            // getKey Method of HashMap access a key of map
            String keyValue = (String) mapEntry.getKey();

            // getValue method returns corresponding key's value
            String value = (String) mapEntry.getValue();

            pi = new PropertyInfo();

            pi.setNamespace("java:com.xxx");

            pi.setName(keyValue);

            pi.setValue(value);

            Request1.addProperty(pi);
        }

        SoapObject HeaderRequest = new SoapObject(NAMESPACE, "XXX");

        Set mapSet = (Set) str2.entrySet();

        Iterator mapIterator = mapSet.iterator();

        while (mapIterator.hasNext()) {

            Map.Entry mapEntry = (Map.Entry) mapIterator.next();

            // getKey Method of HashMap access a key of map
            String keyValue = (String) mapEntry.getKey();

            // getValue method returns corresponding key's value
            String value = (String) mapEntry.getValue();

            pi = new PropertyInfo();

            pi.setNamespace("java:com.xxx");

            pi.setName(keyValue);

            pi.setValue(value);

            HeaderRequest.addProperty(pi);
        }

        Request1.addSoapObject(HeaderRequest);

        RequestParent.addSoapObject(Request1);

        SoapSerializationEnvelope soapEnvelope = new SoapSerializationEnvelope(
                SoapEnvelope.VER10);

        soapEnvelope.dotNet = false;

        soapEnvelope.setOutputSoapObject(RequestParent);

        HttpTransportSE transport = new HttpTransportSE(URL, 120000);

        transport.debug = true;

        transport.call(SOAP_ACTION, soapEnvelope);

        response = (Object) soapEnvelope.getResponse();

        int cols = ((SoapObject) response).getPropertyCount();

        Object objectResponse = (Object) ((SoapObject) response)
                .getProperty("Resp");

        SoapObject subObject_Resp = (SoapObject) objectResponse;


        modelObject = new ResposeXmlModel();

        String MsgId = subObject_Resp.getProperty("MsgId").toString();


        modelObject.setMsgId(MsgId);

        String OrgId = subObject_Resp.getProperty("OrgId").toString();


        modelObject.setOrgId(OrgId);

        String ResCode = subObject_Resp.getProperty("ResCode").toString();


        modelObject.setResCode(ResCode);

        String ResDesc = subObject_Resp.getProperty("ResDesc").toString();


        modelObject.setResDesc(ResDesc);

        String TimeStamp = subObject_Resp.getProperty("TimeStamp")
                .toString();


        modelObject.setTimestamp(ResDesc);

        return response.toString();

    } catch (Exception ex) {

        ex.printStackTrace();

        return null;
    }

}