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How to change XML Attribute

Posted by: admin November 30, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

How can I change an attribute of an element in an XML file, using C#?

Answers:

Mike;
Everytime I need to modify an XML document I work it this way:

//Here is the variable with which you assign a new value to the attribute
string newValue = string.Empty;
XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();

xmlDoc.Load(xmlFile);

XmlNode node = xmlDoc.SelectSingleNode("Root/Node/Element");
node.Attributes[0].Value = newValue;

xmlDoc.Save(xmlFile);

//xmlFile is the path of your file to be modified

I hope you find it useful

Questions:
Answers:

Using LINQ to xml if you are using framework 3.5:

using System.Xml.Linq;

XDocument xmlFile = XDocument.Load("books.xml"); 

var query = from c in xmlFile.Elements("catalog").Elements("book")    
            select c; 

foreach (XElement book in query) 
{
   book.Attribute("attr1").Value = "MyNewValue";
}

xmlFile.Save("books.xml");

Questions:
Answers:

If the attribute you want to change doesn’t exist or has been accidentally removed, then an exception occurs. I suggest you first create a new attribute and send it to a function like the following:

private void SetAttrSafe(XmlNode node,params XmlAttribute[] attrList)
    {
        foreach (var attr in attrList)
        {
            if (node.Attributes[attr.Name] != null)
            {
                node.Attributes[attr.Name].Value = attr.Value;
            }
            else
            {
                node.Attributes.Append(attr);
            }
        }
    }

Usage:

   XmlAttribute attr = dom.CreateAttribute("name");
   attr.Value = value;
   SetAttrSafe(node, attr);