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How to check if a value exists in a dictionary (python)

Posted by: admin November 1, 2017 Leave a comment


I have the following dictionary in python:

d = {'1': 'one', '3': 'three', '2': 'two', '5': 'five', '4': 'four'}

I need a way to find if a value such as “one” or “two” exists in this dictionary.

For example, if I wanted to know if the index “1” existed I would simply have to type:

"1" in d

And then python would tell me if that is true or false, however I need to do that same exact thing except to find if a value exists.

>>> d = {'1': 'one', '3': 'three', '2': 'two', '5': 'five', '4': 'four'}
>>> 'one' in d.values()

Out of curiosity, some comparative timing:

>>> T(lambda : 'one' in d.itervalues()).repeat()
[0.28107285499572754, 0.29107213020324707, 0.27941107749938965]
>>> T(lambda : 'one' in d.values()).repeat()
[0.38303399085998535, 0.37257885932922363, 0.37096405029296875]
>>> T(lambda : 'one' in d.viewvalues()).repeat()
[0.32004380226135254, 0.31716084480285645, 0.3171098232269287]

EDIT: And in case you wonder why… the reason is that each of the above returns a different type of object, which may or may not be well suited for lookup operations:

>>> type(d.viewvalues())
<type 'dict_values'>
>>> type(d.values())
<type 'list'>
>>> type(d.itervalues())
<type 'dictionary-valueiterator'>

EDIT2: As per request in comments…

>>> T(lambda : 'four' in d.itervalues()).repeat()
[0.41178202629089355, 0.3959040641784668, 0.3970959186553955]
>>> T(lambda : 'four' in d.values()).repeat()
[0.4631338119506836, 0.43541407585144043, 0.4359898567199707]
>>> T(lambda : 'four' in d.viewvalues()).repeat()
[0.43414998054504395, 0.4213531017303467, 0.41684913635253906]


You can use

"one" in d.itervalues()

to test if "one" is among the values of your dictionary.


Use dictionary views:

if x in d.viewvalues():


Python dictionary has get(key) funcion

>>> d.get(key)

For Example,

>>> d = {'1': 'one', '3': 'three', '2': 'two', '5': 'five', '4': 'four'}
>>> d.get('3')
>>> d.get('10')

If your key does’nt exist, will return none value.

foo = d[key] # raise error if key doesn't exist
foo = d.get(key) # return none if key doesn't exist

Content relevant to versions less than 3.0 and greater than 5.0.