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How to convert between time zones in PHP using the DateTime class?

Posted by: admin November 30, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

I am trying to convert time between current time to UTC and UTC to current time zone.

Here is what I have done:

$schedule_date = new DateTime($triggerOn, new DateTimeZone('UTC') );
$triggerOn =  $schedule_date->format('Y-m-d H:i:s');

echo $triggerOn;

The output value does not change the only thing that changes in format.

the string $triggerOn was generated based on America/Los_Angeles timezone

This is how my string looks like before and after:

BEFORE    04/01/2013 03:08 PM
AFTER     2013-04-01 15:08:00

So the issue here is that DateTime does not convert to UTC.

Answers:

What you’re looking for is this:

$triggerOn = '04/01/2013 03:08 PM';
$user_tz = 'America/Los_Angeles';

echo $triggerOn; // echoes 04/01/2013 03:08 PM

$schedule_date = new DateTime($triggerOn, new DateTimeZone($user_tz) );
$schedule_date->setTimeZone(new DateTimeZone('UTC'));
$triggerOn =  $schedule_date->format('Y-m-d H:i:s');

echo $triggerOn; // echoes 2013-04-01 22:08:00

Questions:
Answers:

You are consuming the date/time and setting the time zone correctly, however before formatting the datetime, you are not setting the desired output timezone. Here is an example which accepts a UTC time zone, and converts the date/time to the America/Los_Angeles time zone:

<?php
$original_datetime = '04/01/2013 03:08 PM';
$original_timezone = new DateTimeZone('UTC');

// Instantiate the DateTime object, setting it's date, time and time zone.
$datetime = new DateTime($original_datetime, $original_timezone);

// Set the DateTime object's time zone to convert the time appropriately.
$target_timezone = new DateTimeZone('America/Los_Angeles');
$datetime->setTimeZone($target_timezone);

// Outputs a date/time string based on the time zone you've set on the object.
$triggerOn = $datetime->format('Y-m-d H:i:s');

// Print the date/time string.
print $triggerOn; // 2013-04-01 08:08:00

Questions:
Answers:

Create the date using the local timezone, then call DateTime::setTimeZone() to change it.