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How to convert PNG to 8-bit PNG using PHP GD library

Posted by: admin July 12, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I want to write a routine which takes PNG image path as parameter and convert that image into 8-bit PNG image. I need to use PHP GD library for this.

How to&Answers:

To convert any PNG image to 8-bit PNG use this function, I’ve just created

function convertPNGto8bitPNG ()

 function convertPNGto8bitPNG ($sourcePath, $destPath) {

     $srcimage = imagecreatefrompng($sourcePath);
     list($width, $height) = getimagesize($sourcePath);

     $img = imagecreatetruecolor($width, $height);
     $bga = imagecolorallocatealpha($img, 0, 0, 0, 127);
     imagecolortransparent($img, $bga);
     imagefill($img, 0, 0, $bga);
     imagecopy($img, $srcimage, 0, 0, 0, 0, $width, $height);
     imagetruecolortopalette($img, false, 255);
     imagesavealpha($img, true);

     imagepng($img, $destPath);
     imagedestroy($img);

 }

Parameters

  • $sourcePath – Path to source PNG file
  • $destPath – Path to destination PNG file

Note

I recommend to make sure that $sourcePath exists and $destPath is writable before running this code. Maybe this function won’t work with some transparent images.

Usage

convertPNGto8bitPNG ('pfc.png', 'pfc8bit.png');

Example (original -> 8-bit)

(Source: pfc.png) ORIGINAL PNG IMAGE

enter image description here

(Destination: pfc8bit.png) CONVERTED PNG IMAGE (8-bit)

enter image description here

Hope someone finds this helpful.

Answer:

Instead of GD library I strongly recommend using pngquant 1.5+ commandline using exec() or popen() functions.

GD library has very poor-quality palette generation code.

Same image as in the other answer, same file size as GD library, but converted using pngquant to merely 100 colors (not even 256):

enter image description here

pngquant supports alpha transparency very well.