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how to create a logfile in php?

Posted by: admin November 29, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

I want to create a logfile for my system to register/log every action they do inside the system. But I have no idea how to do it.

For example, I have this php code that does the login function.

public function hasAccess($username,$password){
    $form = array();
    $form['username'] = $username;
    $form['password'] = $password;


    $securityDAO = $this->getDAO('SecurityDAO');
    $result = $securityDAO->hasAccess($form);
    //var_dump($form);
    //var_dump($result);
    if($result[0]['success']=='1'){
        $this->Session->add('user_id', $result[0]['id']);
        //$this->Session->add('username', $result[0]['username']);
        //$this->Session->add('roleid', $result[0]['roleid']);
        return $this->status(0,true,'auth.success',$result);
    }else{
        return $this->status(0,false,'auth.failed',$result);
    }
}

now I want to create a logfile entitled ‘the date today’, then when that functions is used for loging in, it will write that user has logged in, the same with other functions. But I only want a single file for every day.

Could anyone be kind enough to guide and teach me how I should do my codes?

Answers:

To write to a txt file and make a new one each day. Use date("j.n.Y") as part of the log file name.

//Something to write to txt log
$log  = "User: ".$_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR'].' - '.date("F j, Y, g:i a").PHP_EOL.
        "Attempt: ".($result[0]['success']=='1'?'Success':'Failed').PHP_EOL.
        "User: ".$username.PHP_EOL.
        "Pass: ".$password.PHP_EOL.
        "-------------------------".PHP_EOL;
//Save string to log, use FILE_APPEND to append.
file_put_contents('./log_'.date("j.n.Y").'.txt', $log, FILE_APPEND);

So you would place that within your hasAccess() method.

public function hasAccess($username,$password){
    $form = array();
    $form['username'] = $username;
    $form['password'] = $password;

    $securityDAO = $this->getDAO('SecurityDAO');
    $result = $securityDAO->hasAccess($form);

    //Write action to txt log
    $log  = "User: ".$_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR'].' - '.date("F j, Y, g:i a").PHP_EOL.
            "Attempt: ".($result[0]['success']=='1'?'Success':'Failed').PHP_EOL.
            "User: ".$username.PHP_EOL.
            "Pass: ".$password.PHP_EOL.
            "-------------------------".PHP_EOL;
    //-
    file_put_contents('./log_'.date("j.n.Y").'.txt', $log, FILE_APPEND);

    if($result[0]['success']=='1'){
        $this->Session->add('user_id', $result[0]['id']);
        //$this->Session->add('username', $result[0]['username']);
        //$this->Session->add('roleid', $result[0]['roleid']);
        return $this->status(0,true,'auth.success',$result);
    }else{
        return $this->status(0,false,'auth.failed',$result);
    }
}

Questions:
Answers:

You could use built-in function trigger_error() to trigger user errors/warnings/notices and set_error_handler() to handle them. Inside your error handler you might want to use error_log() or file_put_contents() to store all records on files. To have a single file for every day just use something like sprintf('%s.log', date('Y-m-d')) as filename. And now you should know where to start… 🙂

Questions:
Answers:

Please check this code, it works fine for me.

$data = array('shopid'=>3,'version'=> 1,'value=>1');  //here $data is dummy varaible

error_log(print_r($data,true), 3, $_SERVER['DOCUMENT_ROOT']."/your-file-name.log");

//In $data we can mention the error messege and create the log

Questions:
Answers:

create a logfile in php, to it you need to pass data on function and it will create log file for you.

function wh_log($log_msg)
{
    $log_filename = "log";
    if (!file_exists($log_filename)) 
    {
        // create directory/folder uploads.
        mkdir($log_filename, 0777, true);
    }
    $log_file_data = $log_filename.'/log_' . date('d-M-Y') . '.log';
    file_put_contents($log_file_data, $log_msg . "\n", FILE_APPEND);
}

Questions:
Answers:

Please check with this documentation.

http://php.net/manual/en/function.error-log.php

Example:

<?php
// Send notification through the server log if we can not
// connect to the database.
if (!Ora_Logon($username, $password)) {
    error_log("Oracle database not available!", 0);
}

// Notify administrator by email if we run out of FOO
if (!($foo = allocate_new_foo())) {
    error_log("Big trouble, we're all out of FOOs!", 1,
               "[email protected]");
}

// another way to call error_log():
error_log("You messed up!", 3, "/var/tmp/my-errors.log");
?>

Questions:
Answers:

Use below function

// Enable error reporting
ini_set('display_errors', 1);
//Report runtime errors
error_reporting(E_ERROR | E_WARNING | E_PARSE);
//error_reporting(E_ALL & ~E_NOTICE);
// Tell php where your custom php error log is
ini_set('error_log', 'php_error.log');

$dateTime=date("Y-m-d H:i:s");
$ip= $_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR'];
$errorString="Error occured on time $dateTime by ip $ip";
$php_error_msg.=$errorString;
// Append the error message to the php-error log
//error_log($php_error_msg);
error_log("A custom error has been triggered",1,"email_address","From: email_address");

Above function will create a log in file php_error with proper description and email will be sent.

Questions:
Answers:

This is my working code. Thanks to Paulo for the links. You create a custom error handler and call the trigger_error function with the correct $errno exception, even if it’s not an error. Make sure you can write to the log file directory without administrator access.

<?php
    $logfile_dir = "C:\workspace\logs\";   // or "/var/log/" for Linux
    $logfile = $logfile_dir . "php_" . date("y-m-d") . ".log";
    $logfile_delete_days = 30;

    function error_handler($errno, $errstr, $errfile, $errline)
    {
        global $logfile_dir, $logfile, $logfile_delete_days;

        if (!(error_reporting() & $errno)) {
            // This error code is not included in error_reporting, so let it fall
            // through to the standard PHP error handler
            return false;
        }

        $filename = basename($errfile);

        switch ($errno) {
            case E_USER_ERROR:
                file_put_contents($logfile, date("y-m-d H:i:s.").gettimeofday()["usec"] . " $filename ($errline): " . "ERROR >> message = [$errno] $errstr\n", FILE_APPEND | LOCK_EX);
                exit(1);
                break;

            case E_USER_WARNING:
                file_put_contents($logfile, date("y-m-d H:i:s.").gettimeofday()["usec"] . " $filename ($errline): " . "WARNING >> message = $errstr\n", FILE_APPEND | LOCK_EX);
                break;

            case E_USER_NOTICE:
                file_put_contents($logfile, date("y-m-d H:i:s.").gettimeofday()["usec"] . " $filename ($errline): " . "NOTICE >> message = $errstr\n", FILE_APPEND | LOCK_EX);
                break;

            default:
                file_put_contents($logfile, date("y-m-d H:i:s.").gettimeofday()["usec"] . " $filename ($errline): " . "UNKNOWN >> message = $errstr\n", FILE_APPEND | LOCK_EX);
                break;
        }

        // delete any files older than 30 days
        $files = glob($logfile_dir . "*");
        $now   = time();

        foreach ($files as $file)
            if (is_file($file))
                if ($now - filemtime($file) >= 60 * 60 * 24 * $logfile_delete_days)
                    unlink($file);

        return true;    // Don't execute PHP internal error handler
    }

    set_error_handler("error_handler");

    trigger_error("testing 1,2,3", E_USER_NOTICE);
?>