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How to define a circle shape in an Android xml drawable file?

Posted by: admin March 10, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I have some problems finding the documentation of the definitions of shapes in XML for Android. I would like to define a simple circle filled with a solid color in an XML File to include it into my layout files.

Sadly the Documentation on android.com does not cover the XML attributes of the Shape classes. I think I should use an ArcShape to draw a circle but there is no explanation on how to set the size, the color, or the angle needed to make a circle out of an Arc.

How to&Answers:

This is a simple circle as a drawable in Android.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<shape
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:shape="oval">

   <solid 
       android:color="#666666"/>

   <size 
       android:width="120dp"
        android:height="120dp"/>
</shape>

Answer:

Set this as your view background

<shape xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:shape="oval">
    <stroke
        android:width="1dp"
        android:color="#78d9ff"/>
</shape>

enter image description here

For solid circle use:

<shape xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:shape="oval">
    <solid
        android:color="#48b3ff"/>
</shape>

enter image description here

Solid with stroke:

<shape xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:shape="oval">
    <solid android:color="#199fff"/>
    <stroke
        android:width="2dp"
        android:color="#444444"/>
</shape>

enter image description here

Note: To make the oval shape appear as a circle, in these examples, either your view that you are using this shape as its background should be a square or you have to set the height and width properties of the shape tag to an equal value.

Answer:

Code for Simple circle

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<shape xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" android:shape="oval">
        <solid android:color="#9F2200"/>
        <stroke android:width="2dp" android:color="#fff" />
        <size android:width="80dp" android:height="80dp"/>
</shape>

Answer:

Look in the Android SDK samples. There are several examples in the ApiDemos project:

/ApiDemos/res/drawable/

  • black_box.xml
  • shape_5.xml
  • etc

It will look something like this for a circle with a gradient fill:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<shape xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" android:shape="oval" >
    <gradient android:startColor="#FFFF0000" android:endColor="#80FF00FF"
            android:angle="270"/>
</shape>

Answer:

You can use VectorDrawable as below :

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<vector xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:width="200dp"
    android:height="200dp"
    android:viewportHeight="64"
    android:viewportWidth="64">

    <path
        android:fillColor="#ff00ff"
        android:pathData="M22,32
        A10,10 0 1,1 42,32
        A10,10 0 1,1 22,32 Z" />
</vector>

The above xml renders as :

enter image description here

Answer:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<shape 
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:shape="oval">

    <!-- fill color -->
    <solid android:color="@color/white" />

    <!-- radius -->
    <stroke
        android:width="1dp"
        android:color="@color/white" />

    <!-- corners -->
    <corners
        android:radius="2dp"/>
</shape>

Answer:

Here’s a simple circle_background.xml for pre-material:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<selector xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
    <item android:state_pressed="true">
        <shape android:shape="oval">
            <solid android:color="@color/color_accent_dark" />
        </shape>
    </item>
    <item>
        <shape android:shape="oval">
            <solid android:color="@color/color_accent" />
        </shape>
    </item>
</selector>

You can use with the attribute 'android:background="@drawable/circle_background" in your button’s layout definition

Answer:

If you want a circle like this

enter image description here

Try using the code below:

<shape xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:innerRadius="0dp"
    android:shape="ring"
    android:thicknessRatio="2"
    android:useLevel="false" >
    <solid android:color="@android:color/white" />
    <stroke
        android:width="1dp"
        android:color="@android:color/darker_gray" />
</shape>

Answer:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<shape 
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:shape="oval">

    <stroke
        android:width="10dp"
        android:color="@color/white"/>

    <gradient
        android:startColor="@color/red"
        android:centerColor="@color/red"
        android:endColor="@color/red"
        android:angle="270"/>

    <size 
        android:width="250dp" 
        android:height="250dp"/>
</shape>

Answer:

You can try this –

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<shape
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:shape="ring"
    android:innerRadiusRatio="700"
    android:thickness="100dp"
    android:useLevel="false">

    <solid android:color="#CCC" />

</shape>

Also, you can adjust the radius of the circle by adjusting android:thickness.

enter image description here

Answer:

res/drawble/circle_shape.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<selector xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
    <item>

        <shape android:shape="oval">
            <solid android:color="#e42828"/>
            <stroke android:color="#3b91d7" android:width="5dp"/>
            <!-- Set the same value for both width and height to get a circular shape -->
            <size android:width="250dp" android:height="250dp"/>
        </shape>
    </item>
</selector>

enter image description here

Answer:

I couldn’t draw a circle inside my ConstraintLayout for some reason, I just couldn’t use any of the answers above.

What did work perfectly is a simple TextView with the text that comes out, when you press “Alt+7”:

 <TextView
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:textColor="#0075bc"
            android:textSize="40dp"
            android:text="•"></TextView>

Answer:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<selector xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
    <item>
        <shape android:shape="oval">
            <solid android:color="@color/text_color_green"/>
            <!-- Set the same value for both width and height to get a circular shape -->
            <size android:width="250dp" android:height="250dp"/>
        </shape>
    </item>
</selector>

Answer:

You can try to use this

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<layer-list xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" >

<item>
    <shape
        android:innerRadius="0dp"
        android:shape="ring"
        android:thicknessRatio="2"
        android:useLevel="false" >
        <solid android:color="@color/button_blue_two" />
    </shape>
</item>

and you don’t have to bother the width and height aspect ratio if you are using this for a textview

Answer:

Just use

ShapeDrawable circle = new ShapeDrawable( new  OvalShape() );