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How to detect UI thread on Android?

Posted by: admin March 11, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

Is there a robust way to detect if Thread.currentThread() is the Android system UI thread in an application?
I would like to put some asserts in my model code that asserts that only one thread (eg the ui thread) accesses my state, to assure that no kind of synchronization is necessary.

How to&Answers:

Common practice to determine the UI Thread’s identity is via Looper#getMainLooper:

if (Looper.getMainLooper().getThread() == Thread.currentThread()) {
  // On UI thread.
} else {
  // Not on UI thread.
}

From API level 23 and up, there’s a slightly more readable approach using new helper method isCurrentThread on the main looper:

if (Looper.getMainLooper().isCurrentThread()) {
  // On UI thread.
} else {
  // Not on UI thread.
}

Answer:

I think that best way is this:

 if (Looper.getMainLooper().equals(Looper.myLooper())) {
     // UI thread
 } else {
     // Non UI thread
 }

Answer:

As of API level 23 the Looper has a nice helper method isCurrentThread. You could get the mainLooper and see if it’s the one for the current thread this way:

Looper.getMainLooper().isCurrentThread()

It’s practically the same as:

Looper.getMainLooper().getThread() == Thread.currentThread()

but it could be a bit more readable and easier to remember.

Answer:

public boolean onUIThread() {
    return Looper.getMainLooper().isCurrentThread();

}

But it requires API level 23

Answer:

Besides checking looper, if you ever tried to logout thread id in onCreate(), you could find the UI thread(main thread) id always equals to 1. Therefore

if (Thread.currentThread().getId() == 1) {
    // UI thread
}
else {
    // other thread
}

Answer:

Couldn’t you use the runOnUiThread method in the Activity class?See..

http://developer.android.com/reference/android/app/Activity.html#runOnUiThread%28java.lang.Runnable%29