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How to detect when keyboard is shown and hidden

Posted by: admin November 30, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

How can I detect when the keyboard is shown and hidden from my application?

Answers:

In the ViewDidLoad method of your class set up to listen for messages about the keyboard:

// Listen for keyboard appearances and disappearances
[[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter] addObserver:self 
                                         selector:@selector(keyboardDidShow:)
                                             name:UIKeyboardDidShowNotification
                                           object:nil];

[[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter] addObserver:self
                                         selector:@selector(keyboardDidHide:)
                                             name:UIKeyboardDidHideNotification
                                           object:nil];

Then in the methods you specify (in this case keyboardDidShow and keyboardDidHide) you can do something about it:

- (void)keyboardDidShow: (NSNotification *) notif{
    // Do something here
}

- (void)keyboardDidHide: (NSNotification *) notif{
    // Do something here
}

Questions:
Answers:

Swift 4:

override func viewWillAppear(_ animated: Bool) {        
    NotificationCenter.default.addObserver(self, selector: #selector(keyboardWillDisappear), name: Notification.Name.UIKeyboardWillHide, object: nil)
    NotificationCenter.default.addObserver(self, selector: #selector(keyboardWillAppear), name: Notification.Name.UIKeyboardWillShow, object: nil)
}

@objc func keyboardWillAppear() {
    //Do something here
}

@objc func keyboardWillDisappear() {
    //Do something here
}

override func viewWillDisappear(_ animated: Bool) {
    NotificationCenter.default.removeObserver(self)
}

Swift:

override func viewDidLoad() {
    super.viewDidLoad()

    NSNotificationCenter.defaultCenter().addObserver(self, selector:"keyboardWillAppear:", name: UIKeyboardWillShowNotification, object: nil)
    NSNotificationCenter.defaultCenter().addObserver(self, selector:"keyboardWillDisappear:", name: UIKeyboardWillHideNotification, object: nil)
}

func keyboardWillAppear(notification: NSNotification){
    // Do something here
}

func keyboardWillDisappear(notification: NSNotification){
    // Do something here
}

Edit:
You may want to add this piece of code also. This prevents rare crashes which happens when you are changing your view.

override func viewWillDisappear(animated: Bool) {
    super.viewWillDisappear(animated)
    NSNotificationCenter.defaultCenter().removeObserver(self)
}

Questions:
Answers:

Swift 3:

NotificationCenter.default.addObserver(self, selector: #selector(viewController.keyboardWillShow(_:)), name: NSNotification.Name.UIKeyboardWillShow, object: nil)
NotificationCenter.default.addObserver(self, selector: #selector(viewController.keyboardWillHide(_:)), name: NSNotification.Name.UIKeyboardWillHide, object: nil)

func keyboardWillShow(_ notification: NSNotification){
    // Do something here
}

func keyboardWillHide(_ notification: NSNotification){
    // Do something here
}

Questions:
Answers:

Check out the Managing the Keyboard section of the “Text, Web, and Editing Programming Guide” for information on tracking the keyboard being shown or hidden, and how to display/dismiss it manually.

Questions:
Answers:

You’ll want to register yourself for the 2 keyboard notifications:

[[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter] addObserver:self selector:@selector(keyboardDidShow:) name: UIKeyboardDidShowNotification object:nil];
[[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter] addObserver:self selector:@selector (keyboardDidHide:) name: UIKeyboardDidHideNotification object:nil];

Great post on how to adjust your TextField to the keyboard – http://iosdevelopertips.com/user-interface/adjust-textfield-hidden-by-keyboard.html

Questions:
Answers:

Swift 4:

  NotificationCenter.default.addObserver( self, selector: #selector(ControllerClassName.keyboardWillShow(_:)),
  name: Notification.Name.UIKeyboardWillShow,
  object: nil)
  NotificationCenter.default.addObserver(self, selector: #selector(ControllerClassName.keyboardWillHide(_:)),
  name: Notification.Name.UIKeyboardWillHide,
  object: nil)

Next, adding method to stop listening for notifications when the object’s life ends:-

Then add the promised methods from above to the view controller:
deinit {
  NotificationCenter.default.removeObserver(self)
}
func adjustKeyboardShow(_ open: Bool, notification: Notification) {
  let userInfo = notification.userInfo ?? [:]
  let keyboardFrame = (userInfo[UIKeyboardFrameBeginUserInfoKey] as! NSValue).cgRectValue
  let height = (keyboardFrame.height + 20) * (open ? 1 : -1)
  scrollView.contentInset.bottom += height
  scrollView.scrollIndicatorInsets.bottom += height
}

@objc func keyboardWillShow(_ notification: Notification) {
  adjustKeyboardShow(true, notification: notification)
}
@objc func keyboardWillHide(_ notification: Notification) {
  adjustKeyboardShow(false, notification: notification)
}

Questions:
Answers:

If you have more then one UITextFields and you need to do something when (or before) keyboard appears or disappears, you can implement this approach.

Add UITextFieldDelegate to your class. Assign integer counter, let’s say:

NSInteger editCounter; 

Set this counter to zero somewhere in viewDidLoad.
Then, implement textFieldShouldBeginEditing and textFieldShouldEndEditing delegate methods.

In the first one add 1 to editCounter. If value of editCounter becomes 1 – this means that keyboard will appear (in case if you return YES). If editCounter > 1 – this means that keyboard is already visible and another UITextField holds the focus.

In textFieldShouldEndEditing subtract 1 from editCounter. If you get zero – keyboard will be dismissed, otherwise it will remain on the screen.

Questions:
Answers:

You could use KBKeyboardObserver library. It contains some examples and provides simple interface.

Questions:
Answers:

Swift 4dd 20 october 2017

override func viewDidLoad() {
    [..]

    NotificationCenter.default.addObserver(self, selector: #selector(keyboardWillDisappear(_:)), name: Notification.Name.UIKeyboardWillHide, object: nil)
    NotificationCenter.default.addObserver(self, selector: #selector(keyboardWillAppear(_:)), name: Notification.Name.UIKeyboardWillShow, object: nil)
}

@objc func keyboardWillAppear(_ notification: NSNotification) {
    if let userInfo = notification.userInfo, 
       let keyboardFrame = (userInfo[UIKeyboardFrameEndUserInfoKey] as? NSValue).cgRectValue {
           let inset = keyboardFrame.height // if scrollView is not aligned to bottom of screen, subtract offset
           scrollView.contentInset.bottom = inset
           scrollView.scrollIndicatorInsets.bottom = inset
    }
}

@objc func keyboardWillDisappear(_ notification: NSNotification) {
    scrollView.contentInset.bottom = 0
    scrollView.scrollIndicatorInsets.bottom = 0
}

deinit {
    NotificationCenter.default.removeObserver(self)
}