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How to display a date as iso 8601 format with PHP

Posted by: admin November 1, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

I’m trying to display a datetime from my MySQL database as an iso 8601 formated string with PHP but it’s coming out wrong.

17 Oct 2008 is coming out as: 1969-12-31T18:33:28-06:00 which is clearly not correct (the year should be 2008 not 1969)

This is the code I’m using:

<?= date("c", $post[3]) ?>

$post[3] is the datetime (CURRENT_TIMESTAMP) from my MySQL database.

Any ideas what’s going wrong?

Answers:

The second argument of date is a UNIX timestamp, not a database timestamp string.

You need to convert your database timestamp with strtotime.

<?= date("c", strtotime($post[3])) ?>

Questions:
Answers:

Using the DateTime class available in PHP version 5.2 it would be done like this:

$datetime = new DateTime('17 Oct 2008');
echo $datetime->format('c');

See it in action

As of PHP 5.4 you can do this as a one-liner:

echo (new DateTime('17 Oct 2008'))->format('c');

Questions:
Answers:

Procedural style :

echo date_format(date_create('17 Oct 2008'), 'c');
// Output : 2008-10-17T00:00:00+02:00

Object oriented style :

$formatteddate = new DateTime('17 Oct 2008');
echo $datetime->format('c');
// Output : 2008-10-17T00:00:00+02:00

Hybrid 1 :

echo date_format(new DateTime('17 Oct 2008'), 'c');
// Output : 2008-10-17T00:00:00+02:00

Hybrid 2 :

echo date_create('17 Oct 2008')->format('c');
// Output : 2008-10-17T00:00:00+02:00

Notes :

1) You could also use 'Y-m-d\TH:i:sP' as an alternative to 'c' for your format.

2) The default time zone of your input is the time zone of your server. If you want the input to be for a different time zone, you need to set your time zone explicitly. This will also impact your output, however :

echo date_format(date_create('17 Oct 2008 +0800'), 'c');
// Output : 2008-10-17T00:00:00+08:00

3) If you want the output to be for a time zone different from that of your input, you can set your time zone explicitly :

echo date_format(date_create('17 Oct 2008')->setTimezone(new DateTimeZone('America/New_York')), 'c');
// Output : 2008-10-16T18:00:00-04:00

Questions:
Answers:

For pre PHP 5:

function iso8601($time=false) {
    if(!$time) $time=time();
    return date("Y-m-d", $time) . 'T' . date("H:i:s", $time) .'+00:00';
}

Questions:
Answers:

Here is the good function for pre PHP 5:
I added GMT difference at the end, it’s not hardcoded.

function iso8601($time=false) {
    if ($time === false) $time = time();
    $date = date('Y-m-d\TH:i:sO', $time);
    return (substr($date, 0, strlen($date)-2).':'.substr($date, -2));
}