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How to enable/disable bluetooth programmatically in android

Posted by: admin March 11, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I want to enable/disable bluetooth through the program. I have the following code.

BluetoothAdapter mBluetoothAdapter = BluetoothAdapter.getDefaultAdapter();    
if (!mBluetoothAdapter.isEnabled()) {
        Intent enableBtIntent = new Intent(BluetoothAdapter.ACTION_REQUEST_ENABLE);
        startActivityForResult(enableBtIntent, REQUEST_ENABLE_BT);

But this code is not working in SDK 1.5. How can I make it work?

How to&Answers:

Android BluetoothAdapter docs say it has been available since API Level 5. API Level 5 is Android 2.0.

You can try using a backport of the Bluetooth API (have not tried it personally): http://code.google.com/p/backport-android-bluetooth/

Answer:

this code worked for me..

//Disable bluetooth
BluetoothAdapter mBluetoothAdapter = BluetoothAdapter.getDefaultAdapter();    
if (mBluetoothAdapter.isEnabled()) {
    mBluetoothAdapter.disable(); 
} 

For this to work, you must have the following permissions:

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.BLUETOOTH"/>
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.BLUETOOTH_ADMIN"/>

Answer:

Here is a bit more robust way of doing this, also handling the return values of enable()\disable() methods:

public static boolean setBluetooth(boolean enable) {
    BluetoothAdapter bluetoothAdapter = BluetoothAdapter.getDefaultAdapter();
    boolean isEnabled = bluetoothAdapter.isEnabled();
    if (enable && !isEnabled) {
        return bluetoothAdapter.enable(); 
    }
    else if(!enable && isEnabled) {
        return bluetoothAdapter.disable();
    }
    // No need to change bluetooth state
    return true;
}

And add the following permissions into your manifest file:

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.BLUETOOTH"/>
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.BLUETOOTH_ADMIN"/>

But remember these important points:

This is an asynchronous call: it will return immediately, and clients
should listen for ACTION_STATE_CHANGED to be notified of subsequent
adapter state changes. If this call returns true, then the adapter
state will immediately transition from STATE_OFF to STATE_TURNING_ON,
and some time later transition to either STATE_OFF or STATE_ON. If
this call returns false then there was an immediate problem that will
prevent the adapter from being turned on – such as Airplane mode, or
the adapter is already turned on.

UPDATE:

Ok, so how to implement bluetooth listener?:

private final BroadcastReceiver mReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {
    @Override
    public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
        final String action = intent.getAction();

        if (action.equals(BluetoothAdapter.ACTION_STATE_CHANGED)) {
            final int state = intent.getIntExtra(BluetoothAdapter.EXTRA_STATE,
                                                 BluetoothAdapter.ERROR);
            switch (state) {
            case BluetoothAdapter.STATE_OFF:
                // Bluetooth has been turned off;
                break;
            case BluetoothAdapter.STATE_TURNING_OFF:
                // Bluetooth is turning off;
                break;
            case BluetoothAdapter.STATE_ON:
                // Bluetooth has been on
                break;
            case BluetoothAdapter.STATE_TURNING_ON:
                // Bluetooth is turning on
                break;
            }
        }
    }
};

And how to register/unregister the receiver? (In your Activity class)

@Override
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);

    // ...

    // Register for broadcasts on BluetoothAdapter state change
    IntentFilter filter = new IntentFilter(BluetoothAdapter.ACTION_STATE_CHANGED);
    registerReceiver(mReceiver, filter);
}

@Override
public void onStop() {
    super.onStop();

     // ...

    // Unregister broadcast listeners
    unregisterReceiver(mReceiver);
}

Answer:

To Enable the Bluetooth you could use either of the following functions:

 public void enableBT(View view){
    BluetoothAdapter mBluetoothAdapter = BluetoothAdapter.getDefaultAdapter();
    if (!mBluetoothAdapter.isEnabled()){
        Intent intentBtEnabled = new Intent(BluetoothAdapter.ACTION_REQUEST_ENABLE); 
        // The REQUEST_ENABLE_BT constant passed to startActivityForResult() is a locally defined integer (which must be greater than 0), that the system passes back to you in your onActivityResult() 
        // implementation as the requestCode parameter. 
        int REQUEST_ENABLE_BT = 1;
        startActivityForResult(intentBtEnabled, REQUEST_ENABLE_BT);
        }
  }

The second function is:

public void enableBT(View view){
    BluetoothAdapter mBluetoothAdapter = BluetoothAdapter.getDefaultAdapter();
    if (!mBluetoothAdapter.isEnabled()){
        mBluetoothAdapter.enable();
    }
}

The difference is that the first function makes the app ask the user a permission to turn on the Bluetooth or to deny. The second function makes the app turn on the Bluetooth directly.

To Disable the Bluetooth use the following function:

public void disableBT(View view){
    BluetoothAdapter mBluetoothAdapter = BluetoothAdapter.getDefaultAdapter();
    if (mBluetoothAdapter.isEnabled()){
        mBluetoothAdapter.disable();
    }
}

NOTE/ The first function needs only the following permission to be defined in the AndroidManifest.xml file:

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.BLUETOOTH"/>

While, the second and third functions need the following permissions:

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.BLUETOOTH"/>
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.BLUETOOTH_ADMIN"/>

Answer:

The solution of prijin worked perfectly for me. It is just fair to mention that two additional permissions are needed:

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.BLUETOOTH"/>
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.BLUETOOTH_ADMIN"/>

When these are added, enabling and disabling works flawless with the default bluetooth adapter.

Answer:

I used the below code to disable BT when my app launches and works fine. Not sure if this the correct way to implement this as google recommends not using “bluetooth.disable();” without explicit user action to turn off Bluetooth.

    BluetoothAdapter bluetooth = BluetoothAdapter.getDefaultAdapter();
    bluetooth.disable();

I only used the below permission.

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.BLUETOOTH_ADMIN"/>

Answer:

Add the following permissions into your manifest file:

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.BLUETOOTH"/>
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.BLUETOOTH_ADMIN"/>

Enable bluetooth use this

BluetoothAdapter mBluetoothAdapter = BluetoothAdapter.getDefaultAdapter();    
if (!mBluetoothAdapter.isEnabled()) {
    mBluetoothAdapter.enable(); 
}else{Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "Bluetooth Al-Ready Enable", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();}

Disable bluetooth use this

BluetoothAdapter mBluetoothAdapter = BluetoothAdapter.getDefaultAdapter();    
if (mBluetoothAdapter.isEnabled()) {
    mBluetoothAdapter.disable(); 
}

Answer:

try this:

//this method to check bluetooth is enable or not: true if enable, false is not enable
public static boolean isBluetoothEnabled()
    {
        BluetoothAdapter mBluetoothAdapter = BluetoothAdapter.getDefaultAdapter();
        if (!mBluetoothAdapter.isEnabled()) {
            // Bluetooth is not enable :)
            return false;
        }
        else{
            return true;
        }

    }

//method to enable bluetooth
    public static void enableBluetooth(){
        BluetoothAdapter mBluetoothAdapter = BluetoothAdapter.getDefaultAdapter();
        if (!mBluetoothAdapter.isEnabled()) {
            mBluetoothAdapter.enable();
        }
    }

//method to disable bluetooth
    public static void disableBluetooth(){
        BluetoothAdapter mBluetoothAdapter = BluetoothAdapter.getDefaultAdapter();
        if (mBluetoothAdapter.isEnabled()) {
            mBluetoothAdapter.disable();
        }
    }

Add these permissions in manifest

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.BLUETOOTH"/>
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.BLUETOOTH_ADMIN"/>