Home » C++ » How to get position of a certain element in strings vector, to use it as an index in ints vector?

How to get position of a certain element in strings vector, to use it as an index in ints vector?

Posted by: admin November 30, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

I am trying to get the index of an element in a vector of strings, to use it as an index in another vector of int type, is this possible ?

Example:

vector <string> Names;
vector <int> Numbers;

 ... 
// condition to check whether the name exists or not
if((find(Names.begin(), Names.end(), old_name_)) != Names.end())  
    {   // if yes
        cout <<"Enter the new name."<< endl;
        cin >> name;
        replace(Names.begin(), Names.end(), old_name_, name);
    }

Now I want to get the position of old_name in the Names vector, to use it in accessing certain element in Numbers vector. So that I can say:

Numbers[position] = 3 ; // or whatever value assigned here.

I tried using:

vector <string> :: const_iterator pos;
pos = (find(Names.begin(), Names.end(), old_name_))
Numbers[pos] = 3;

but obviously this doesn’t work since pos is of type string !

Answers:

To get a position of an element in a vector knowing an iterator pointing to the element, simply subtract v.begin() from the iterator:

ptrdiff_t pos = find(Names.begin(), Names.end(), old_name_) - Names.begin();

Now you need to check pos against Names.size() to see if it is out of bounds or not:

if(pos >= Names.size()) {
    //old_name_ not found
}

vector iterators behave in ways similar to array pointers; most of what you know about pointer arithmetic can be applied to vector iterators as well.

Starting with C++11 you can use std::distance in place of subtraction for both iterators and pointers:

ptrdiff_t pos = distance(Names.begin(), find(Names.begin(), Names.end(), old_name_));

Questions:
Answers:

If you want an index, you can use std::find in combination with std::distance.

auto it = std::find(Names.begin(), Names.end(), old_name_);
if (it == Names.end())
{
  // name not in vector
} else
{
  auto index = std::distance(Names.begin(), it);
}