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How to kill MySQL connections

Posted by: admin November 30, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

I’m building a website with MySQL. I’m using TOAD for MySQL and suddenly I can’t connect to the database as I’m getting an error:

“Too many connections”

Is there any way in Toad for MySQL to view existing connections to be able to kill them or simple close all connections all together?

Answers:

No, there is no built-in MySQL command for that. There are various tools and scripts that support it, you can kill some connections manually or restart the server (but that will be slower).

Use SHOW PROCESSLIST to view all connections, and KILL the process ID’s you want to kill.

You could edit the timeout setting to have the MySQL daemon kill the inactive processes itself, or raise the connection count. You can even limit the amount of connections per username, so that if the process keeps misbehaving, the only affected process is the process itself and no other clients on your database get locked out.

If you can’t connect yourself anymore to the server, you should know that MySQL always reserves 1 extra connection for a user with the SUPER privilege. Unless your offending process is for some reason using a username with that privilege…

Then after you can access your database again, you should fix the process (website) that’s spawning that many connections.

Questions:
Answers:
mysql> SHOW PROCESSLIST;
+-----+------+-----------------+------+---------+------+-------+---------------+
| Id  | User | Host            | db   | Command | Time | State | Info      |
+-----+------+-----------------+------+---------+------+-------+----------------+
| 143 | root | localhost:61179 | cds  | Query   |    0 | init  | SHOW PROCESSLIST |
| 192 | root | localhost:53793 | cds  | Sleep   |    4 |       | NULL      |
+-----+------+-----------------+------+---------+------+-------+----------------+
2 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> KILL 192;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

USER 192 :

mysql> SELECT * FROM exept;
+----+
| id |
+----+
|  1 |
+----+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> SELECT * FROM exept;
ERROR 2013 (HY000): Lost connection to MySQL server during query

Questions:
Answers:

As above mentioned, there is no special command to do it. However, if all those connection are inactive, using ‘flush tables;’ is able to release all those connection which are not active.

Questions:
Answers:

I would recommend checking the connections to show the maximum thread connection is

show variables like "max_connections";

sample

+-----------------+-------+
| Variable_name   | Value |
+-----------------+-------+
| max_connections | 13  |
+-----------------+-------+
1 row in set

Then increase it by example

set global max_connections = 500;