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How to position one element relative to another with jQuery?

Posted by: admin November 2, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

I have a hidden DIV which contains a toolbar-like menu.

I have a number of DIVs which are enabled to show the menu DIV when the mouse hovers over them.

Is there a built-in function which will move the menu DIV to the top right of the active (mouse hover) DIV? I’m looking for something like $(menu).position("topright", targetEl);

Answers:

tl;dr: (try it here)

If you have the following HTML:

<div id="menu" style="display: none;">
   <!-- menu stuff in here -->
   <ul><li>Menu item</li></ul>
</div>

<div class="parent">Hover over me to show the menu here</div>

then you can use the following JavaScript code:

$(".parent").mouseover(function() {
    // .position() uses position relative to the offset parent, 
    var pos = $(this).position();

    // .outerWidth() takes into account border and padding.
    var width = $(this).outerWidth();

    //show the menu directly over the placeholder
    $("#menu").css({
        position: "absolute",
        top: pos.top + "px",
        left: (pos.left + width) + "px"
    }).show();
});

But it doesn’t work!

This will work as long as the menu and the placeholder have the same offset parent. If they don’t, and you don’t have nested CSS rules that care where in the DOM the #menu element is, use:

$(this).append($("#menu"));

just before the line that positions the #menu element.

But it still doesn’t work!

You might have some weird layout that doesn’t work with this approach. In that case, just use jQuery.ui’s position plugin (as mentioned in an answer below), which handles every conceivable eventuality. Note that you’ll have to show() the menu element before calling position({...}); the plugin can’t position hidden elements.

Update notes 3 years later in 2012:

(The original solution is archived here for posterity)

So, it turns out that the original method I had here was far from ideal. In particular, it would fail if:

  • the menu’s offset parent is not the placeholder’s offset parent
  • the placeholder has a border/padding

Luckily, jQuery introduced methods (position() and outerWidth()) way back in 1.2.6 that make finding the right values in the latter case here a lot easier. For the former case, appending the menu element to the placeholder works (but will break CSS rules based on nesting).

Questions:
Answers:

You can now use:

$("#my_div").position({
    my:        "left top",
    at:        "left bottom",
    of:        this, // or $("#otherdiv")
    collision: "fit"
})

For fast positioning (jQuery UI/Position).

NOTE: This requires jQuery UI (not just jQuery).

You can download jQuery UI here.

Questions:
Answers:

This is what worked for me in the end.

var showMenu = function(el, menu) {
    //get the position of the placeholder element  
    var pos = $(el).offset();    
    var eWidth = $(el).outerWidth();
    var mWidth = $(menu).outerWidth();
    var left = (pos.left + eWidth - mWidth) + "px";
    var top = 3+pos.top + "px";
    //show the menu directly over the placeholder  
    $(menu).css( { 
        position: 'absolute',
        zIndex: 5000,
        left: left, 
        top: top
    } );

    $(menu).hide().fadeIn();
};

Questions:
Answers:

Here is a jQuery function I wrote that helps me position elements.

Here is an example usage:

$(document).ready(function() {
  $('#el1').position('#el2', {
    anchor: ['br', 'tr'],
    offset: [-5, 5]
  });
});

The code above aligns the bottom-right of #el1 with the top-right of #el2. [‘cc’, ‘cc’] would center #el1 in #el2. Make sure that #el1 has the css of position: absolute and z-index: 10000 (or some really large number) to keep it on top.

The offset option allows you to nudge the coordinates by a specified number of pixels.

The source code is below:

jQuery.fn.getBox = function() {
  return {
    left: $(this).offset().left,
    top: $(this).offset().top,
    width: $(this).outerWidth(),
    height: $(this).outerHeight()
  };
}

jQuery.fn.position = function(target, options) {
  var anchorOffsets = {t: 0, l: 0, c: 0.5, b: 1, r: 1};
  var defaults = {
    anchor: ['tl', 'tl'],
    animate: false,
    offset: [0, 0]
  };
  options = $.extend(defaults, options);

  var targetBox = $(target).getBox();
  var sourceBox = $(this).getBox();

  //origin is at the top-left of the target element
  var left = targetBox.left;
  var top = targetBox.top;

  //alignment with respect to source
  top -= anchorOffsets[options.anchor[0].charAt(0)] * sourceBox.height;
  left -= anchorOffsets[options.anchor[0].charAt(1)] * sourceBox.width;

  //alignment with respect to target
  top += anchorOffsets[options.anchor[1].charAt(0)] * targetBox.height;
  left += anchorOffsets[options.anchor[1].charAt(1)] * targetBox.width;

  //add offset to final coordinates
  left += options.offset[0];
  top += options.offset[1];

  $(this).css({
    left: left + 'px',
    top: top + 'px'
  });

}

Questions:
Answers:

Why complicating too much? Solution is very simple

css:

.active-div{
position:relative;
}

.menu-div{
position:absolute;
top:0;
right:0;
display:none;
}

jquery:

$(function(){
    $(".active-div").hover(function(){
    $(".menu-div").prependTo(".active-div").show();
    },function(){$(".menu-div").hide();
})

It works even if,

  • Two divs placed anywhere else
  • Browser Re-sized
Questions:
Answers:

You can use the jQuery plugin PositionCalculator

That plugin has also included collision handling (flip), so the toolbar-like menu can be placed at a visible position.

$(".placeholder").on('mouseover', function() {
    var $menu = $("#menu").show();// result for hidden element would be incorrect
    var pos = $.PositionCalculator( {
        target: this,
        targetAt: "top right",
        item: $menu,
        itemAt: "top left",
        flip: "both"
    }).calculate();

    $menu.css({
        top: parseInt($menu.css('top')) + pos.moveBy.y + "px",
        left: parseInt($menu.css('left')) + pos.moveBy.x + "px"
    });
});

for that markup:

<ul class="popup" id="menu">
    <li>Menu item</li>
    <li>Menu item</li>
    <li>Menu item</li>
</ul>

<div class="placeholder">placeholder 1</div>
<div class="placeholder">placeholder 2</div>

Here is the fiddle: http://jsfiddle.net/QrrpB/1657/

Questions:
Answers:

Something like this?

$(menu).css("top", targetE1.y + "px"); 
$(menu).css("left", targetE1.x - widthOfMenu + "px");

Questions:
Answers:

This works for me:

var posPersonTooltip = function(event) {
var tPosX = event.pageX - 5;
var tPosY = event.pageY + 10;
$('#personTooltipContainer').css({top: tPosY, left: tPosX});