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How to use android emulator for testing bluetooth application?

Posted by: admin March 11, 2020 Leave a comment


I am developing an application which will send a request to a bluetooth printer for printing. The code is working fine for real devices, but I want to run it on the Android Emulator. How can I use the emulator for bluetooth testing?

How to&Answers:

You can’t. The emulator does not support Bluetooth, as mentioned in the SDK’s docs and several other places. Android emulator does not have bluetooth capabilities“.

You can only use real devices.

Emulator Limitations

The functional limitations of the emulator include:

  • No support for placing or receiving actual phone calls. However, You
    can simulate phone calls (placed and received) through the emulator
  • No support for USB
  • No support for device-attached headphones
  • No support for determining SD card insert/eject
  • No support for WiFi, Bluetooth, NFC

Refer to the documentation


Download Androidx86 from this This is an iso file, so you’d
need something like VMWare or VirtualBox to run it When creating the virtual machine, you need to set the type of guest OS as Linux
instead of Other.

After creating the virtual machine set the network adapter to ‘Bridged’. ·
Start the VM and select ‘Live CD VESA’ at boot.

Now you need to find out the IP of this VM. Go to terminal in VM (use Alt+F1
& Alt+F7 to toggle) and use the netcfg command to find this.

Now you need open a command prompt and go to your android install
folder (on host). This is usually C:\Program Files\Android\android-sdk\platform-tools>.

Type adb connect IP_ADDRESS.
There done! Now you need to add Bluetooth. Plug in your USB Bluetooth dongle/Bluetooth device.

In VirtualBox screen, go to Devices>USB devices. Select your dongle.

Done! now your Android VM has Bluetooth. Try powering on Bluetooth and discovering/paring with other devices.

Now all that remains is to go to Eclipse and run your program. The Android AVD manager should show the VM as a device on the list.

Alternatively, Under settings of the virtual machine, Goto serialports -> Port 1 check Enable serial port select a port number
then select port mode as disconnected click ok. now, start virtual
machine. Under Devices -> USB Devices -> you can find your laptop
bluetooth listed. You can simply check the option and start testing
the android bluetooth application .