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How to use await in a loop

Posted by: admin November 30, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

I’m trying to create an asynchronous console app that does a some work on a collection. I have one version which uses parallel for loop another version that uses async/await. I expected the async/await version to work similar to parallel version but it executes synchronously. What am I doing wrong?

class Program
{
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        var worker = new Worker();
        worker.ParallelInit();
        var t = worker.Init();
        t.Wait();
        Console.ReadKey();
    }
}

public class Worker
{
    public async Task<bool> Init()
    {
        var series = Enumerable.Range(1, 5).ToList();
        foreach (var i in series)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Starting Process {0}", i);
            var result = await DoWorkAsync(i);
            if (result)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Ending Process {0}", i);
            }
        }

        return true;
    }

    public async Task<bool> DoWorkAsync(int i)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("working..{0}", i);
        await Task.Delay(1000);
        return true;
    }

    public bool ParallelInit()
    {
        var series = Enumerable.Range(1, 5).ToList();
        Parallel.ForEach(series, i =>
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Starting Process {0}", i);
            DoWorkAsync(i);
            Console.WriteLine("Ending Process {0}", i);
        });
        return true;
    }
}
Answers:

The way you’re using the await keyword tells C# that you want to wait each time you pass through the loop, which isn’t parallel. You can rewrite your method like this to do what you want, by storing a list of Tasks and then awaiting them all with Task.WhenAll.

public async Task<bool> Init()
{
    var series = Enumerable.Range(1, 5).ToList();
    var tasks = new List<Task<Tuple<int, bool>>>();
    foreach (var i in series)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Starting Process {0}", i);
        tasks.Add(DoWorkAsync(i));
    }
    foreach (var task in await Task.WhenAll(tasks))
    {
        if (task.Item2)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Ending Process {0}", task.Item1);
        }
    }
    return true;
}

public async Task<Tuple<int, bool>> DoWorkAsync(int i)
{
    Console.WriteLine("working..{0}", i);
    await Task.Delay(1000);
    return Tuple.Create(i, true);
}

Questions:
Answers:

Your code waits for each operation (using await) to finish before starting the next iteration.
Therefore, you don’t get any parallelism.

If you want to run an existing asynchronous operation in parallel, you don’t need await; you just need to get a collection of Tasks and call Task.WhenAll() to return a task that waits for all of them:

return Task.WhenAll(list.Select(DoWorkAsync));

Questions:
Answers:
public async Task<bool> Init()
{
    var series = Enumerable.Range(1, 5);
    Task.WhenAll(series.Select(i => DoWorkAsync(i)));
    return true;
}

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