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How to use Jackson to deserialise an array of objects

Posted by: admin November 2, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

The Jackson data binding documentation indicates that Jackson supports deserialising “Arrays of all supported types” but I can’t figure out the exact syntax for this.

For a single object I would do this:

//json input
{
    "id" : "junk",
    "stuff" : "things"
}

//Java
MyClass instance = objectMapper.readValue(json, MyClass.class);

Now for an array I want to do this:

//json input
[{
    "id" : "junk",
    "stuff" : "things"
},
{
    "id" : "spam",
    "stuff" : "eggs"
}]

//Java
List<MyClass> entries = ?

Anyone know if there is a magic missing command? If not then what is the solution?

Answers:

First create a mapper :

import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;// in play 2.3
ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();

As Array:

MyClass[] myObjects = mapper.readValue(json, MyClass[].class);

As List:

List<MyClass> myObjects = mapper.readValue(jsonInput, new TypeReference<List<MyClass>>(){});

Another way to specify the List type:

List<MyClass> myObjects = mapper.readValue(jsonInput, mapper.getTypeFactory().constructCollectionType(List.class, MyClass.class));

Questions:
Answers:

From Eugene Tskhovrebov

List<MyClass> myObjects = Arrays.asList(mapper.readValue(json, MyClass[].class))

This solution seems to be the best for me

Questions:
Answers:

For Generic Implementation:

public static <T> List<T> parseJsonArray(String json,
                                         Class<T> classOnWhichArrayIsDefined) 
                                         throws IOException, ClassNotFoundException {
   ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();
   Class<T[]> arrayClass = (Class<T[]>) Class.forName("[L" + classOnWhichArrayIsDefined.getName() + ";");
   T[] objects = mapper.readValue(json, arrayClass);
   return Arrays.asList(objects);
}

Questions:
Answers:
try {
    ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();
    JsonFactory f = new JsonFactory();
    List<User> lstUser = null;
    JsonParser jp = f.createJsonParser(new File("C:\maven\user.json"));
    TypeReference<List<User>> tRef = new TypeReference<List<User>>() {};
    lstUser = mapper.readValue(jp, tRef);
    for (User user : lstUser) {
        System.out.println(user.toString());
    }

} catch (JsonGenerationException e) {
    e.printStackTrace();
} catch (JsonMappingException e) {
    e.printStackTrace();
} catch (IOException e) {
    e.printStackTrace();
}

Questions:
Answers:

First create an instance of ObjectReader which is thread-safe.

ObjectMapper objectMapper = new ObjectMapper();
ObjectReader objectReader = objectMapper.reader().forType(new TypeReference<List<MyClass>>(){});

Then use it :

List<MyClass> result = objectReader.readValue(inputStream);