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how to use php to include an image in a word file?

Posted by: admin July 12, 2020 Leave a comment


Somebody has asked me to make an app in php that will generate a .doc file with an image and a few tables in it. My first approach was:

function data_uri($file, $mime) 
  $contents = file_get_contents($file);
  $base64   = base64_encode($contents); 
  return ('data:' . $mime . ';base64,' . $base64);
$file = 'new.doc';
$fh = fopen($file,'w');
$uri = data_uri('pic.png','image/png');
fwrite($fh,'<table border="1"><tr><td><b>something</b></td><td>something else</td></tr><tr><td></td><td></td></tr></table>
<br/><img src="'.$uri.'" alt="some text" />
<table border="1"><tr><td><b>ceva</b></td><td>altceva</td></tr><tr><td></td><td></td></tr></table>');

This uses the data uri technique of embedding an image.

This will generate an html file that will be rendered ok in web browsers but the image is missing in Microsoft Office Word, at least in the standard setup. Then, while editing the file with Word, i’ve replace the image with an image from file and Microsoft Word changed the contents of the file into Open XML and added a folder, new_files where he put the imported image (which was a .png), a .gif version of the image and a xml file:

<xml xmlns:o="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office">
  <o:MainFile HRef="../new.doc" /> 
  <o:File HRef="image001.jpg" /> 
  <o:File HRef="filelist.xml" /> 

Now this isn’t good enough either since i want this to be all kept in a single .doc file.
Is there a way to embed an image in an OpenXML-formatted .doc file?

How to&Answers:

look here http://www.tkachenko.com/blog/archives/000106.html

    <v:shapetype id="_x0000_t75" ...>
    ... VML shape template definition ...
    <w:binData w:name="wordml://02000001.jpg">
    ... Base64 encoded image goes here ...
    <v:shape id="_x0000_i1025" type="#_x0000_t75" 
         <v:imagedata src="wordml://02000001.jpg" 
           o:title="Image title"/>


There is PHPWord project to manipulate MS Word from within PHP.

PHPWord is a library written in PHP
that create word documents. No Windows
operating system is needed for usage
because the result are docx files
(Office Open XML) that can be opened
by all major office software.


PHPWord can write them http://phpword.codeplex.com/ (note: its still in Beta. I’ve used PHpExcel by the same guy a lot… never tried the Word version).


Have a look at the phpdocx library for generating real .docx files rather than html files with a .doc extension

PS the extension should strictly be .docx rather than .doc for Open XML Word 2007 files


OpenTBS can create DOCX (and other OpenXML files) dynamic documents in PHP using the technique of templates.

No temporary files needed, no command lines, all in PHP.

It can add or delete pictures. The created document can be produced as a HTML download, a file saved on the server, or as binary contents in PHP.

It can also merge OpenDocument files (ODT, ODS, ODF, …)



If rich text is ok try PhpRtf.


I would use PHPExcel. It can work with OpenXML too.

Here’s the link: http://phpexcel.codeplex.com/