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How to write to the Output window in Visual Studio?

Posted by: admin November 29, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

Which function should I use to output text to the “Output” window in Visual Studio?

I tried printf() but it doesn’t show up.

Answers:

OutputDebugString function will do it.

example code

    void CClass::Output(const char* szFormat, ...)
{
    char szBuff[1024];
    va_list arg;
    va_start(arg, szFormat);
    _vsnprintf(szBuff, sizeof(szBuff), szFormat, arg);
    va_end(arg);

    OutputDebugString(szBuff);
}

Questions:
Answers:

If this is for debug output then OutputDebugString is what you want. A useful macro :

#define DBOUT( s )            \
{                             \
   std::ostringstream os_;    \
   os_ << s;                   \
   OutputDebugString( os_.str().c_str() );  \
}

This allows you to say things like:

DBOUT( "The value of x is " << x );

You can extend this using the __LINE__ and __FILE__ macros to give even more information.

For those in Windows and wide character land:

#include <Windows.h>
#include <iostream>
#include <sstream>

 #define DBOUT( s )            \
{                             \
   std::wostringstream os_;    \
   os_ << s;                   \
   OutputDebugStringW( os_.str().c_str() );  \
}

Questions:
Answers:

Use the OutputDebugString function or the TRACE macro (MFC) which lets you do printf-style formatting:

int x = 1;
int y = 16;
float z = 32.0;
TRACE( "This is a TRACE statement\n" );    
TRACE( "The value of x is %d\n", x );
TRACE( "x = %d and y = %d\n", x, y );
TRACE( "x = %d and y = %x and z = %f\n", x, y, z );

Questions:
Answers:

Common solution:

#include <iostream>

//...
std::cerr << "Text" << std::endl;

Questions:
Answers:

Use OutputDebugString instead of afxDump.

Example:

#define _TRACE_MAXLEN 500

#if _MSC_VER >= 1900
#define _PRINT_DEBUG_STRING(text) OutputDebugString(text)
#else // _MSC_VER >= 1900
#define _PRINT_DEBUG_STRING(text) afxDump << text
#endif // _MSC_VER >= 1900

void MyTrace(LPCTSTR sFormat, ...)
{
    TCHAR text[_TRACE_MAXLEN + 1];
    memset(text, 0, _TRACE_MAXLEN + 1);
    va_list args;
    va_start(args, sFormat);
    int n = _vsntprintf(text, _TRACE_MAXLEN, sFormat, args);
    va_end(args);
    _PRINT_DEBUG_STRING(text);
    if(n <= 0)
        _PRINT_DEBUG_STRING(_T("[...]"));
}