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http – Detecting request type in PHP (GET, POST, PUT or DELETE)

Posted by: admin February 22, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

How can I detect which request type was used (GET, POST, PUT or DELETE) in PHP?

How to&Answers:

By using

$_SERVER['REQUEST_METHOD']

Example

if ($_SERVER['REQUEST_METHOD'] === 'POST') {
     // The request is using the POST method
}

For more details please see the documentation for the $_SERVER variable.

Answer:

REST in PHP can be done pretty simple. Create http://example.com/test.php (outlined below). Use this for REST calls, e.g. http://example.com/test.php/testing/123/hello. This works with Apache and Lighttpd out of the box, and no rewrite rules are needed.

<?php
$method = $_SERVER['REQUEST_METHOD'];
$request = explode("/", substr(@$_SERVER['PATH_INFO'], 1));

switch ($method) {
  case 'PUT':
    do_something_with_put($request);  
    break;
  case 'POST':
    do_something_with_post($request);  
    break;
  case 'GET':
    do_something_with_get($request);  
    break;
  default:
    handle_error($request);  
    break;
}

Answer:

Detecting the HTTP method or so called REQUEST METHOD can be done using the following code snippet.

$method = $_SERVER['REQUEST_METHOD']
if ($method == 'POST') {
    // Method is POST
} elseif ($method == 'GET') {
    // Method is GET
} elseif ($method == 'PUT') {
    // Method is PUT
} elseif ($method == 'DELETE') {
    // Method is DELETE
} else {
    // Method unknown
}

You could also do it using a switch if you prefer this over the if-else statement.

If a method other than GET or POST is required in an html form, this is often solved using an hidden field in the form.

<!-- DELETE method -->
<form action='' method='POST'>
    <input type="hidden" name'_METHOD' value="DELETE">
</form>

<!-- PUT method -->
<form action='' method='POST'>
    <input type="hidden" name'_METHOD' value="PUT">
</form>

For more information regarding HTTP methods I would like to refer to the following StackOverflow question:

HTTP protocol's PUT and DELETE and their usage in PHP

Answer:

Since this is about REST, just getting the request method from the server is not enough. You also need to receive RESTful route parameters. The reason for separating RESTful parameters and GET/POST/PUT parameters is that a resource needs to have its own unique URL for identification.

Here’s one way of implementing RESTful routes in PHP using Slim:

https://github.com/codeguy/Slim

$app = new \Slim\Slim();
$app->get('/hello/:name', function ($name) {
  echo "Hello, $name";
});
$app->run();

And configure the server accordingly.

Here’s another example using AltoRouter:

https://github.com/dannyvankooten/AltoRouter

$router = new AltoRouter();
$router->setBasePath('/AltoRouter'); // (optional) the subdir AltoRouter lives in

// mapping routes
$router->map('GET|POST','/', 'home#index', 'home');
$router->map('GET','/users', array('c' => 'UserController', 'a' => 'ListAction'));
$router->map('GET','/users/[i:id]', 'users#show', 'users_show');
$router->map('POST','/users/[i:id]/[delete|update:action]', 'usersController#doAction', 'users_do');

Answer:

You can use getenv function and don’t have to work with a $_SERVER variable:

getenv('REQUEST_METHOD');

More info:

http://php.net/manual/en/function.getenv.php

Answer:

We can also use the input_filter to detect the request method while also providing security through input sanitation.

$request = filter_input(INPUT_SERVER, 'REQUEST_METHOD', FILTER_SANITIZE_ENCODED);

Answer:

It is Very Simple just use $_SERVER[‘REQUEST_METHOD’];

Example:

<?php
$method = $_SERVER['REQUEST_METHOD'];
switch ($method) {
  case 'GET':
    //Here Handle GET Request 
    break;
  case 'POST':
    //Here Handle POST Request 
    break;
  case 'DELETE':
    //Here Handle DELETE Request 
    break;
  case 'PUT':
    //Here Handle PUT Request 
    break;
}
?>

Answer:

$request = new \Zend\Http\PhpEnvironment\Request();
$httpMethod = $request->getMethod();

In this way you can also achieve in zend framework 2 also.
Thanks.

Answer:

In core php you can do like this :

<?php

$method = $_SERVER['REQUEST_METHOD'];

switch ($method) {
  case 'GET':
    //Here Handle GET Request
    echo 'You are using '.$method.' Method';
    break;
  case 'POST':
    //Here Handle POST Request
    echo 'You are using '.$method.' Method';
    break;
  case 'PUT':
    //Here Handle PUT Request
    echo 'You are using '.$method.' Method';
    break;
  case 'PATCH':
    //Here Handle PATCH Request
    echo 'You are using '.$method.' Method';
    break;
  case 'DELETE':
    //Here Handle DELETE Request
    echo 'You are using '.$method.' Method';
    break;
  case 'COPY':
      //Here Handle COPY Request
      echo 'You are using '.$method.' Method';
      break;

  case 'OPTIONS':
      //Here Handle OPTIONS Request
      echo 'You are using '.$method.' Method';
      break;
  case 'LINK':
      //Here Handle LINK Request
      echo 'You are using '.$method.' Method';
      break;
  case 'UNLINK':
      //Here Handle UNLINK Request
      echo 'You are using '.$method.' Method';
      break;
  case 'PURGE':
      //Here Handle PURGE Request
      echo 'You are using '.$method.' Method';
      break;
  case 'LOCK':
      //Here Handle LOCK Request
      echo 'You are using '.$method.' Method';
      break;
  case 'UNLOCK':
      //Here Handle UNLOCK Request
      echo 'You are using '.$method.' Method';
      break;
  case 'PROPFIND':
      //Here Handle PROPFIND Request
      echo 'You are using '.$method.' Method';
      break;
  case 'VIEW':
      //Here Handle VIEW Request
      echo 'You are using '.$method.' Method';
      break;
  Default:
    echo 'You are using '.$method.' Method';
  break;
}


?>

Answer:

When a method was requested, it will have an array. So simply check with count().

$m=['GET'=>$_GET,'POST'=>$_POST];
foreach($m as$k=>$v){
    echo count($v)?
    $k.' was requested.':null;
}

3v4l.org/U51TE

Answer:

I used this code. It should work.

function get_request_method() {
    $request_method = strtolower($_SERVER['REQUEST_METHOD']);

    if($request_method != 'get' && $request_method != 'post') {
        return $request_method;
    }

    if($request_method == 'post' && isset($_POST['_method'])) {
        return strtolower($_POST['_method']);
    }

    return $request_method;
}

This above code will work with REST calls and will also work with html form

<form method="post">
    <input name="_method" type="hidden" value="delete" />
    <input type="submit" value="Submit">
</form>

Answer:

It is valuable to additionally note, that PHP will populate all the $_GET parameters even when you send a proper request of other type.

Methods in above replies are completely correct, however if you want to additionaly check for GET parameters while handling POST, DELETE, PUT, etc. request, you need to check the size of $_GET array.

Answer:

You can get any query string data i.e www.example.com?id=2&name=r

You must get data using $_GET['id'] or $_REQUEST['id'].

Post data means like form <form action='' method='POST'> you must use $_POST or $_REQUEST.